ESC 2021 – Selezioni Nazionali – 1ª Semi-Finale

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La selezione dei partecipanti all’Eurovision Song Contest spetta alle emittenti televisive competenti dei singoli stati. A loro spetta la scelta del metodo di selezione: una selezione interna (quindi cantante e/o brano vengono scelti dall’emittente stessa), come accade solitamente per San Marino o Australia, oppure può organizzare un festival musicale (il pubblico sceglie un vincitore che viene invitato a partecipare all’Eurovision Song Contest), come accade in Norvegia (Norsk Melodi Grand Prix), Svezia (Melodifestivalen), Italia (Festival di Sanremo), Grecia (Ellinikós Telikós) e molti altri. Il vincitore dell’eventuale festival però non è obbligato a partecipare all’Eurovision Song Contest né tanto meno è obbligato ad esibirsi con la canzone vincitrice, ad esempio Iva Zanicchi ha vinto il Festival di Sanremo nel 1969, in coppia con Bobby Solo, con la canzone “Zingara”, ma all’Eurovision Song Contest si presentò da sola con il brano “Due grosse lacrime bianche”. Con il tempo buona parte delle emittenti sta abbandonando la selezione interna in favore del festival musicale.

I partecipanti non devono obbligatoriamente avere vincoli di nazionalità (ad esempio nel 1988 la Svizzera vinse con la cantante canadese Céline Dion) e le canzoni non hanno restrizioni riguardanti la lingua (anche se nelle prime edizioni vigeva un obbligo di cantare in una delle lingue ufficiali del proprio paese).

L’Eurovision Song Contest 2021 sarà la 65ª edizione dell’annuale concorso canoro e si terrà presso l’Ahoy Rotterdam a Rotterdam, nei Paesi Bassi.

Il 18 marzo 2020 l’Unione europea di radiodiffusione (UER) ha annunciato la cancellazione dell’edizione 2020 a causa della pandemia di COVID-19 che ha coinvolto diverse regioni del mondo tra cui, più duramente, la Cina e l’Europa. Successivamente è stato annunciato che la manifestazione verrà riorganizzata nel maggio 2021 e sono in corso discussioni con le emittenti olandesi NPO, NOS, AVROTROS, incaricate di organizzare la precedente edizione, e la città di Rotterdam sulla riorganizzazione dell’evento nella stessa città o meno.

Il 16 maggio 2020, durante la trasmissione dello show Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light, è stato confermato che la città Rotterdam avrebbe ospitato l’evento.

A seguito della cancellazione l’UER ha valutato la possibilità di consentire ai brani selezionati di competere nel 2021; tuttavia, il 20 marzo 2020, è stato confermato dal gruppo di referenza che, in conformità al regolamento, ciò non sarebbe avvenuto, lasciando però la possibilità alle singole emittenti di selezionare nuovamente i rappresentanti annunciati per il 2020.

Il 16 maggio 2020 l’EBU-UER e AVROTROS hanno confermato che lo slogan ufficiale dell’evento resterà Open Up, il medesimo pianificato per l’edizione annullata.

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Eurovision Song Contest 2019 Eurovision Song Contest 2020 ← Eurovision Song Contest 2020 2021 → Eurovision Song Contest 2022 Contest

• Country: Australia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Azerbaigian the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Bielorussia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Belgio in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Croazia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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  • Selection process: Dora 2021.
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Croatia will participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021. The Croatian broadcaster, Hrvatska radiotelevizija (HRT), will use the national selection Dora 2021 to decide their representative.

Background: Prior to the 2021 Contest, Croatia had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest twenty-five times since its first entry in 1993. Croatia’s highest placing in the contest, to this point, has been fourth place, which the nation achieved on two occasions: in 1996 with the song “Sveta ljubav” performed by Maja Blagdan and in 1999 “Marija Magdalena” performed by Doris Dragović. Following the introduction of semi-finals for the 2004 contest, Croatia had featured in seven finals. In 2019, Croatia failed to qualify to the final, placing 14th in the second semi-final with the song “The Dream” performed by Roko. In 2020, Damir Kedžo was due to represent the nation in the 2020 contest before its cancellation due to the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its rapid spread across Europe.

Before Eurovision: 

Dora 2021: Dora 2021 will be the twenty-second edition of the Croatian national selection Dora, which will select Croatia’s entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2021. The competition will consist of up to 14 entries competing in one final.

• Country: Cipro in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Irlanda in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Israele in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Lituania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Macedonia del Nord in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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North Macedonia will participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The country had originally planned to participate in the 2020 contest prior to its cancellation, due to the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe and in North Macedonia.

Background: Prior to the 2021 contest, North Macedonia had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest nineteen times since its official debut in 1998. The country attempted to participate in 1996 with Kaliopi. However, the nation failed to pass the pre-qualifying round. North Macedonia’s highest placing in the contest, to this point, has been seventh place, which the nation achieved in 2019 with the song “Proud” performed by Tamara Todevska This is the country’s only top ten result to date. Since the introduction of semi-finals to the format of the contest in 2004, North Macedonia had thus far only managed to qualify to the final on eight occasions. The country achieved four consecutive qualifications since the introduction of the semi-finals, but only managed to qualify another four times to date, missing every final but one between 2008 and 2018.

Before Eurovision: 

Preparation: North Macedonia confirmed participation for the contest on 16th September 2020.

At Eurovision: The Eurovision Song Contest 2021 is scheduled to take place at Rotterdam Ahoy in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and will consist of two semi-finals held on 18 and 20 May, and the grand final on 22 May 2021. According to the Eurovision rules, each participating country, except the host country and the “Big 5”, consisting of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, are required to qualify from one of two semi-finals to compete for the final. The top ten countries from each semi-final progress to the grand final.

• Country: Norvegia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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  • Selection process: Artista: Internal selection Ι Canzone: 
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  • Selection entrant: ROXEN
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Romania will participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021, having internally selected Roxen as their representative. She had previously been scheduled to compete in the 2020 contest with “Alcohol You” before the event’s cancellation due to the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China and its spread to other countries.

Background:Prior to the 2021 contest, Romania had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 20 times since its first entry in 1994. Its highest placing in the contest, to this point, has been third place, which the nation achieved on two occasions: in 2005 with the song “Let Me Try” performed by Luminița Anghel and Sistem, and in 2010 with “Playing with Fire” by Paula Seling and Ovi. In 2019, Romania failed to qualify to the final, placing 13th in the second semi-final with Ester Peony’s “On a Sunday”. This marked the second consecutive time that the nation failed to qualify to the final of the Eurovision Song Contest since the introduction of semi-finals in 2004, after 2018. In 2020, Romanian Television (TVR) had collaborated with Global Records to select the Romanian entry, yielding in Roxen being chosen internally to perform “Alcohol You”; the latter was selected through the national final format Selecția Națională 2020. However, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) announced Eurovision’s cancellation in March 2020 due to the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China and its spread to other countries, further deciding on making 2020 entries invalid for the following year.

Before Eurovision: 

Artist selection: Upon discussions with Global Records, on 31 March 2020, TVR’s Liana Stanciu (Romania’s 2020 head of delegation) announced its will to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021, as well as that Roxen would be kept as Romania’s representative for the event.

At Eurovision:EBU is discussing carryovers from the 2020 contest, such as the host city, with various parties.

• Country: Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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  • Selection process: Artista: Internal selection Ι Canzone: 
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  • Selection entrant: Ana Soklič
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Slovenia will participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, having internally selected Ana Soklič as their representative. She was due to compete in the 2020 contest with “Voda” before the event’s cancellation due to the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China and its rapid spread to Europe.

Background: Prior to the 2021 contest, Slovenia had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest twenty-six times since its first entry in 1993. Slovenia’s highest placing in the contest, to this point, has been seventh place, which the nation achieved on two occasions: in 1995 with the song “Prisluhni mi” performed by Darja Švajger and in 2001 with the song “Energy” performed by Nuša Derenda. The country’s only other top ten result was achieved in 1997 when Tanja Ribič performing “Zbudi se” placed tenth. Since the introduction of semi-finals to the format of the contest in 2004, Slovenia had thus far only managed to qualify to the final on six occasions. In 2018, Slovenia was represented by Lea Sirk and the song “Hvala, ne!”, which qualified to the final and placed twenty-second. One year later, in 2019, Slovenia qualified for the final again with Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl, finishing in fifteenth place with the song “Sebi”.

Before Eurovision: 

Internal selection: In May 2020, the national broadcaster, Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTV), announced its participation in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021, as well as that Soklič would be kept as the nation’s representative for the event.

At Eurovision: The Eurovision Song Contest 2021 is scheduled to take place at Rotterdam Ahoy in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and will consist of two semi-finals held on 18 and 20 May, and the grand final on 22 May 2021. According to the Eurovision rules, each participating country, except the host country and the “Big 5”, consisting of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, are required to qualify from one of two semi-finals to compete for the final. The top ten countries from each semi-final progress to the grand final.

• Country: Svezia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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• Country: Ucraina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 

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