ESC 2022 – Selezioni Nazionali – Finale

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La selezione dei partecipanti all’Eurovision Song Contest spetta alle emittenti televisive competenti dei singoli stati. A loro spetta la scelta del metodo di selezione: una selezione interna (quindi cantante e/o brano vengono scelti dall’emittente stessa), come accade solitamente per San Marino o Australia, oppure può organizzare un festival musicale (il pubblico sceglie un vincitore che viene invitato a partecipare all’Eurovision Song Contest), come accade in Norvegia (Norsk Melodi Grand Prix), Svezia (Melodifestivalen), Italia (Festival di Sanremo), Grecia (Ellinikós Telikós) e molti altri. Il vincitore dell’eventuale festival però non è obbligato a partecipare all’Eurovision Song Contest né tanto meno è obbligato ad esibirsi con la canzone vincitrice, ad esempio Iva Zanicchi ha vinto il Festival di Sanremo nel 1969, in coppia con Bobby Solo, con la canzone “Zingara”, ma all’Eurovision Song Contest si presentò da sola con il brano “Due grosse lacrime bianche”. Con il tempo buona parte delle emittenti sta abbandonando la selezione interna in favore del festival musicale.

I partecipanti non devono obbligatoriamente avere vincoli di nazionalità (ad esempio nel 1988 la Svizzera vinse con la cantante canadese Céline Dion) e le canzoni non hanno restrizioni riguardanti la lingua (anche se nelle prime edizioni vigeva un obbligo di cantare in una delle lingue ufficiali del proprio paese).

L’Eurovision Song Contest 2021 sarà la 65ª edizione dell’annuale concorso canoro e si terrà presso l’Ahoy Rotterdam a Rotterdam, nei Paesi Bassi.

Il 18 marzo 2020 l’Unione europea di radiodiffusione (UER) ha annunciato la cancellazione dell’edizione 2020 a causa della pandemia di COVID-19 che ha coinvolto diverse regioni del mondo tra cui, più duramente, la Cina e l’Europa. Successivamente è stato annunciato che la manifestazione verrà riorganizzata nel maggio 2021 e sono in corso discussioni con le emittenti olandesi NPO, NOS, AVROTROS, incaricate di organizzare la precedente edizione, e la città di Rotterdam sulla riorganizzazione dell’evento nella stessa città o meno.

Il 16 maggio 2020, durante la trasmissione dello show Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light, è stato confermato che la città Rotterdam avrebbe ospitato l’evento.

A seguito della cancellazione l’UER ha valutato la possibilità di consentire ai brani selezionati di competere nel 2021; tuttavia, il 20 marzo 2020, è stato confermato dal gruppo di referenza che, in conformità al regolamento, ciò non sarebbe avvenuto, lasciando però la possibilità alle singole emittenti di selezionare nuovamente i rappresentanti annunciati per il 2020.

Il 16 maggio 2020 l’EBU-UER e AVROTROS hanno confermato che lo slogan ufficiale dell’evento resterà Open Up, il medesimo pianificato per l’edizione annullata.

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Eurovision Song Contest 2019 Eurovision Song Contest 2020 ← Eurovision Song Contest 2020 2021 → Eurovision Song Contest 2022 Contest

• Country: 🇫🇷 Francia

• National selection:

  • Selection process: Eurovision France, c’est vous qui décidez! 2022
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  • Host broadcaster: FTV
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Background. 

Before Eurovision.

Internal selection: 

At Eurovision: 

• Country: 🇩🇪 Germania

• National selection:

  • Selection process: 
  • Selection date(s): Artist:  Ι Song: 
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Background. 

Before Eurovision.

At Eurovision: 

• Country: 🇮🇹 Italia

• National selection:

  • Selection process: Festival de la Canción de San Remo 2022
  • Selection date(s): Artist:  Ι Song: 
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  • Host broadcaster: RAI
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• Country: 🇪🇸 Spagna

• National selection: Benidorm Fest 2022

  • Selection process: Benidorm Fest 2022
  • Selection date(s): Artist:  Ι Song: 
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  • Host broadcaster: TVE
  • Participants – Number of entries:
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Benidorm Fest is a song festival organised in Spain by the public communication company Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE) in collaboration with the Generalitat Valenciana to determine the country’s representative song for the Eurovision Song Contest 2022. It will be held in the city of Benidorm, Valencian Community.

The contest will consist of two semi-finals and a final, with the winner being chosen by the public and by teams of judges, both having equal influence on the final result.

History: 

Background: The event is loosely based on the Festival Español de la Canción de Benidorm (“Spanish Song Festival of Benidorm”), which was founded in 1958 based on the Italian Sanremo Music Festival and was held frequently (despite some discontinuation) until 2006.

Return of a festival to Benidorm: After 15 years since the end of the Benidorm Festival, on 22 July 2021, RTVE broadcast a conference from Benidorm, in which the president of the Generalitat Valenciana, Ximo Puig, the mayor of the city, Antonio Pérez Crespo, and the president of the radio station, José Manuel Pérez Tornero, announced the return of a festival held in the Valencian city with the aim of becoming the new pre-selection of Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest. In this broadcast, the public television assured changes and renewed mechanics, as well as a “double contest” in which both professional and amateur singers would take part, whose prize would be the possibility of representing Spain Eurovision, starting in the edition of 2022.

On 29 September of the same year, the rules and mechanics were published, and it was announced that the contest would be called Benidorm Fest and air at the end of January 2022.

Format: The show is made up of two semi-finals and a final, in which twelve candidates – soloists, duos, trios or groups – perform their songs live.

The public (consisting of the televote plus a panel of judges made up of a sample of the Spanish population selected by statistical and demoscopic criteria) and a national and international jury vote for their preferred songs, and the votes are combined 50% public – 50% juries. At the end of the programme, the song with the most points is declared the winner and Spain’s representative at the Eurovision Song Contest.

Televised rounds and voting: The semi-finals are broadcast on two consecutive nights of the same week. In each of these, six songs compete, with three of them making it to the finals. The finalists are chosen according to the following system: 25% televote, 25% demoscopic panel (equating a 50% from the public), 30% national jury and 20% international jury.

The final takes place on the Saturday following the semi-finals. The three most voted songs in each semi-final compete, the winner of which will represent Spain at the Eurovision Song Contest. The voting system made up of the public and the jury is the same as in the previous galas.

Selection of participants: RTVE opened on 29 September a one-month period for artists, authors and composers to send their proposals to the public radio and television corporation, while the broadcaster itself reserves a direct invitation to renowned singers and authors from the current music scene. The contest is open to performers, groups and authors who are at least 16 years old before May, and who must be Spanish nationals or have permanent residence in Spain (in the case of duos or groups, at least 50% of the members must meet this condition). Singers can only submit one application, although composers have the possibility to submit one song as main authors, and two additional songs as co-authors.

Songs: Songs must be original and not have been published, performed or distributed, in whole or in part, before September of the previous year to the Eurovision Song Contest (in accordance with Eurovision rules). In addition, the song must be at least 2 and a half minutes long and at most 3 minutes long, and must include at least 65% of the lyrics in Spanish and/or co-official languages of Spain. Likewise, the authors can suggest the artist or group they consider ideal to perform their song, but the final decision is always RTVE’s.

Artists: After the inscriptions, a jury made up of professionals from RTVE and the music industry will evaluate the proposals received and selects the 12 candidates who will take part in the Benidorm Fest, as well as another 6 as substitutes, of which at least two must be from those who registered on the website. To choose the participants, gender parity, the combination of musical references with new talents and the variety of styles will be taken into account. Finally, the announcement of the names of the artists and songs by RTVE will take place between November and December.

Winners:

Year Song Artist(s) Songwriter(s) Place in the Eurovision Song Contest
2022 TBD

• Final performance: 

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• Country: 🇬🇧 Regno Unito

• National selection:

  • Selection process: 
  • Selection date(s): Artist:  Ι Song: 
  • Host venue:
  • Presenter(s):
  • Host broadcaster: BBC
  • Participants – Number of entries:
  • Selection entrant: 
  • Selection song: 
  • Selected songwriter(s): 

• Final performance: 

  • Semi-final result: 
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