- Dates – Grand Final: Saturday, 31 March 1979 – 20:00 CET
- Host – Venue & Location: Binyanei Ha’ouama Centre (Binyenei HaUma, בנייני האומה, Buildings of the nation; International Convention Center, מרכז הקונגרסים הבינלאומי, Merkaz HaKongresim HaBeinLeumi), Jerusalem, 🇮🇱 Israel
- Presenter (s): Yardena Arazi (ירדנה ארזי) & Daniel Peer (דניאל פאר)
- Musical Director: Izhak Graziani (יצחק גרציאני)
- Director: Yossi Zemach
- Executive Producer: Alex Gilady (אלכס גלעדי)
- Executive Supervisor: Frank Naef
- Multicamera Director: —
- Host broadcaster: Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA)
- Opening Act: L’envol by Vladimir Cosma
- Interval Act: Shalom ’79 (Peace ’79)
- Participants – Number of entries: 19 [🇧🇪 Belgium (21ª), 🇩🇪 Germany (21ª), 🇮🇹 Italy (21ª), 🇳🇱 The Netherlands (21ª), 🇨🇭 Switzerland (21ª), 🇬🇧 United Kindom (19ª), 🇲🇨 Monaco (18ª), 🇪🇸 Spain (16ª), 🇮🇪 Ireland (12ª), 🇱🇺 Luxembourg (20ª), 🇫🇮 Finland (15ª), 🇳🇴 Norway (16ª), 🇵🇹 Portugal (12ª), 🇮🇱 Israel (4ª), 🇫🇷 France (21ª), 🇦🇹 Austria (17ª), 🇬🇷 Greece (3ª), 🇸🇪 Sweden (17ª), 🇩🇰 Denmark (12ª)]
- Debuting countries: —
- Return: —
- Non-returning countries: 🇹🇷 Turkey (2ª)
- Vote – Voting system: Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs.
- Nil Points: —
- Winning song: “Hallelujah” – Gali Atari & Milk & Honey – Israele) (2ª)
About. The 24th Eurovision Song Contest was held outside the geographical area of Europe for the first time. Jerusalem played the proud host of the annual event in 1979.
Familar faces. Jerusalem was this year’s host city that welcomed 19 different delegations. Turkey withdrew from the contest because it took place in Israel and many Arab countries put pressure on Turkey not to go to Jerusalem. There were lots of familiar faces in 1979. Peter, Sue & Marc returned for Switzerland after representing the country in 1976. Anne-Marie David, the 1973 winner for Luxembourg, represented France, and Anita Skorgan sang again for Norway. The German entry, performed by band Dschinghis Khan also went on to become a hit in several European countries, despite being heavily criticised in Germany itself. The Swiss contestants Peter, Sue & Marc had difficulties getting into the country and had to explain to customs exactly why they needed so many watering cans, hoses, bin bags and bottle openers which were needed for their unique performance on the Jerusalem stage. The Belgian singer Micha Marah was very unhappy with her song “Hey Nana” as this was selected against her will in the Belgian pre-selection. She refused to record the song and it remains one of the few songs in Eurovision Song Contest that does not have a studio-version. Monaco decided to withdraw from the contest after their singer Laurent Vaguener only reached 16th place. The principality would only return again 25 years later, in 2004.
About the winner. Israel won for the second time in a row with the song “Hallelujah” which became a Europe-wide hit. Spain was the last country to cast its votes. At that moment Spain was in the lead with 1 point ahead of Israel, but the Spanish 10 points gave Israel its second victory.
|o/r||country||participant(s)||song – translate – Language||Points||rank|
|01||🇵🇹 Portugal RTP||Manuela Bravo||Sobe, sobe balão sobe (Rise, rise, balloon, rise) Portuguese||064||09|
|02||🇮🇹 Italy RAI||Matia Bazar||Raggio di luna (Moonbeam) Italian||027||15|
|03||🇩🇰 Denmark DR||Tommy Seebach||Disco Tango Danish||076||06|
|04||🇮🇪 Ireland RTÉ||Cathal Dunne||Happy Man English||080||05|
|05||🇫🇮 Finland YLE||Katri-Helena||Katson sineen taivaan (I’m looking into the blue of the sky) Finnish||038||14|
|06||🇲🇨 Monaco TMC||Laurent Vaguener||Notre vie c’est la musique (Our life is music) French||012||16|
|07||🇬🇷 Greece ERT||Elpida||Sokrati (Σωκράτη, Socrates) Greek||069||08|
|08||🇨🇭 Switzerland SSR SRG||Peter, Sue and Marc & Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri||Trödler und Co. (Second-handers and Co.) German||060||10|
|09||🇩🇪 Germany ARD||Dschinghis Khan||Dschinghis khan (Genghis Khan) German||086||04|
|10||🇮🇱 Israel IBA||Milk and Honey (גלי עטריודבש וחלב, Gali Atari & Milk and Honey)||Hallelujah (הללויה) Hebrew||125||01|
|11||🇫🇷 France TF1||Anne-Marie David||Je suis l’enfant-soleil (I’m the sun-child) French||106||03|
|12||🇧🇪 Belgium BRT||Micha Marah||Hey nana Dutch||005||18|
|13||🇱🇺 Luxembourg CLT||Jeane Manson||J’ai déja vu ça dans tes yeux (I’ve already seen that in your eyes) French||044||13|
|14||🇳🇱 The Netherlands NOS||Xandra||Colorado Dutch||051||12|
|15||🇸🇪 Sweden SR||Ted Gärdestad||Satellit (Satellite) Swedish||008||17|
|16||🇳🇴 Norway NRK||Anita Skorgan||Oliver Norwegian||057||11|
|17||🇬🇧 United Kindom BBC||Black Lace||Mary Ann English||073||07|
|18||🇦🇹 Austria ÖRF||Christina Simon||Heute in Jerusalem (Today in Jerusalem) German||005||18|
|19||🇪🇸 Spain TVE||Betty Missiego||Su canción (Your song) Spanish||116||02|
• 🇹🇷 Turkey: “Seviyorum” (I Love) (Turkish) – Maria Rita Epik & 21.Peron. Epik had won the internal Turkish pre-Elimination in 1979 to sing for Turkey at the first ever Eurovision Song Contest hosted by Israel. However due to political reasons and pressure by Arabic countries, to boycott Israel, she had to withdraw and stay at home, instead of having a chance to get a European career. She would have sung “Seviyorum” (I Love) together with the band 21.Peron.
Participating countries Countries that participated in the past but not in 1979
The Eurovision Song Contest 1979 was the 24th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Jerusalem, Israel, following the country’s victory at the 1978 contest with the song “A-Ba-Ni-Bi” by Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the contest was held at the International Convention Centre on 31 March 1979 and was hosted by Israeli television presenter Daniel Pe’er and singer Yardena Arazi. This was the first time that the Eurovision Song Contest was held outside Europe.
Nineteen countries participated in the contest with Turkey deciding not to participate after Arab countries had pressured it into not participating in a contest held in Israel. Yugoslavia, who had missed the 1978 contest, also didn’t want to take part nor transmit the show this year for political reasons.
For the second year in a row Israel won with the song “Hallelujah”, performed by the Israeli group Milk and Honey featuring Gali Atari.
1.Location. The contest took place at the International Convention Centre, also called Binyenei HaUma in Jerusalem, following Israel’s win at the 1978 edition with the song A-Ba-Ni-Bi performed by Izhar Cohen and Alphabeta. The venue, the largest convention center in the Middle East, hosted the contest in the Ussishkin Auditorium which seats an audience of more than 3000 and where it traditionally hosts other musical events including classical and pop stars concerts.
The city’s ancient, religious and modern scenery was reflected through a film which opened the broadcast. The city’s history as one of the oldest and holiest in the world, was shown through the biblical and medieval monuments and sites sacred to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, as well as visitors and city’s residents who frequent them while practicing their faiths. The city’s governmental, cultural and educational institutions and monuments, as well as the streets and people outside the ancient wall, were shown at the opening and conclusion of the film.
2.Format. The 24th contest’s logo featured a combination of a G-clef, the IBA logo, and the names of all participating countries in order of appearance.
The stage concept was designed by Dov Ben David. On stage there was a moving symbol which was based on the IBA logo (which was built like a lamp with 3 concentric rings) using a small projected model.
Since Israeli Television had yet to broadcast in colour at that point (except for a few special occasions), the production had to borrow cameras from the BBC, the same had happened when RTÉ had hosted the 1971 contest in Dublin.
The IBA Symphony Orchestra, directed by conductor Izhak Graziani played the music of each song (except for the Italian entry, which did not use the orchestra). This was the only contest where the orchestra was composed of 39 musicians.
2.1.Postcards. This year, the postcards between each song featured mime artists rather than the participating singers. The mime artists featured were the Yoram Boker Mime Group, and included some of Israel’s leading mime artists, among them Ezra Dagan and Hanoch Rozen. The group performed on a background of illustrations created by Dudu Geva and Yochanan Lakitzevitz, that featured landmarks and typical landscapes of the respective countries.
The various themes were as following, listed in appearance order:
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Boats and picnic baskets on a Portuguese beach; The mime performers pretend to pull a giant bottle of Porto Wine.
- 🇮🇹 Italy – A photographer using an old view camera, trying to take a picture of tourists on the background of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, when the tower keeps changing its position.
- 🇩🇰 Denmark – A mime performer dressed as Copenhagen‘s The Little Mermaid Statue, while other figures from famous fairytales by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen (such as The Ugly Duckling) move in the background.
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Mime performers dance in a typical Irish village, with a background of an Irish pub with the sign of Guinness, famous Irish beer brand.
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Mime performers pretending to be ice skating in a snowy Finnish forest.
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – A mime performer pretends to be a track marshal waving a flag at the motor racing Grand Prix de Monaco.
- 🇬🇷 Greece – A mime performer dressed as the Discobolus of Myron statue, standing on the Acropolis of Athens. The statue “comes to life” and throws the discus which causes an audible mayhem, and the presenters Yardena Arazi and Daniel Pe’er take a sneak pick from the columns of the Parthenon, “appalled” by the statue’s conduct.
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Three mime performers pretend to be wooden figures of a Swiss clock, dancing. In the background there are illustrations of the Swiss Alps, a building shaped as a clock and a structure with a rooster shaped weather vane.
- 🇩🇪 Germany – A typical old German village; A depiction of a scene from the German children’s book Max and Moritz. A mime performer pretending to be an old woman cooking, when two others are on the roof, stealing her chicken by fishing it through the chimney. In the background some animals are seen, as well as some creatures from the fairy tales of the German Brothers Grimm.
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Two performers dressed as two of The Twelve Spies carry a big grape cluster, pretending to be walking, when the pictures in the background move to feature the different landscapes of Israel (another performer acts as an orchard worker). Eventually, the scenery changes to a typical Israeli beach, when the two performers take off their biblical style costumes and appear shirtless, wearing modern-day swim trunks.
- 🇫🇷 France – An illustration of the famous Paris avenue of Champs-Élysées, with mime performers act as a typical French street painter, alongside a romantic couple dancing – initially with each other, and then joined by a drunk homeless who dances with them.
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – The famous painting of The Peasant Wedding, created by Flemish artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, “comes to life”, with mime performers pretending to be the two bakers carrying the tray of bread, each pulling to a different direction and argue. Another performer acts as one of the peasants, asking for more bread.
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Two mime performers play soldiers on a turret of the Grand Ducal Palace of Luxembourg. Initially, they pretend to look out for invaders, but then they pull transistor radios out of the edge of their swords and start dancing to rock ‘n’ roll music.
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Four mime performers, dressed in old Dutch clothes, pretend to be riding an invisible old kick scooter. The background feature a lot of windmills and some storks sit on them.
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – The background features an illustration of an enchanted forest in the snow. Two mime performers, dressed as Trolls from the Scandinavian mythology, dance in the snow, and are joined by a third “troll”.
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Three mime performers pretend to be Viking Warriors sailing on a ship, facing a strong wind. The background features illustrations of the Norwegian Fjords.
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Representing the ‘changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace, the background features the fence of Buckingham Palace, but instead of the palace, beyond fence there are famous London landmarks, such as the Big Ben and St Paul’s Cathedral. A mime performer, dressed as an old English banker, reads a newspaper, when a life-size cardboard figure of the Queen’s Guard is placed next to him. Another performer, dressed as a sculptor, places another guard figure and salutes it. He then takes the other guard figure, while the other figure suddenly “comes to life” when another performer is dressed as a guard, picking at the banker’s newspaper.
- 🇦🇹 Austria – A mime performer dressed as a violinist pretends to be playing an invisible violin in a classical ballroom, and two other performers dance a Viennese Waltz. In the background there are illustrations of spectators.
- 🇪🇸 Spain – The background features a typical Spanish bullfighting arena. One mime performer is dressed as a matador, holding a red cloth and pretends to be fighting an invisible bull. Another performer is dressed as a banderillero, while three others are dressed as spectators in the audience. There are also real hats moving on the heads of some of the illustrated spectators.
2.2.Interval act. The intermission between the songs and the voting was presented by a performance of the Shalom ’79 Dancing Ensemble, who danced to a medley of Israeli Folk Dances. The performance was directed by the ensemble’s manager and choreographer Gavri Levy.
3.Participating countries. At one point before the contest Turkey had planned to participate. The country would have appeared 11th on stage (between Israel and France), represented by Maria Rita Epik and 21. Peron with the song “Seviyorum” (“I’m Loving”). However, Turkey later ended up withdrawing from the contest following pressure from Arab states, who objected to a predominantly Muslim country taking part in a contest held in Israel. Turkey did, however, take part in the contest held in Jerusalem in 1999.
As well as being broadcast live in the 19 competing countries, the contest was also broadcast in Romania, Hong Kong and Iceland.
3.1.Conductors. Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra, except Italy.
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Thilo Krasmann
- 🇮🇹 Italy – N/A
- 🇩🇰 Denmark – Allan Botschinsky
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Proinnsías Ó Duinn
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Ossi Runne
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Gérard Salesses
- 🇬🇷 Greece – Lefteris Halkiadakis
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Rolf Zuckowski
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Norbert Daum
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Kobi Oshrat
- 🇫🇷 France – Guy Mattéoni
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – Francis Bay
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Hervé Roy
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Lars Samuelson
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Sigurd Jansen
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Ken Jones
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Richard Oesterreicher
- 🇪🇸 Spain – José Luis Navarro
|Peter, Sue & Marc||🇨🇭 Switzerland||1971, 1976|
|Xandra||🇳🇱 The Netherlands||1972 (Along with Andres Holten), 1976 (as Sandra Reemer)|
|Anne-Marie David||🇫🇷 France||1973 (for 🇱🇺 Luxembourg)|
|Yardena Arazi (as presenter)||🇮🇱 Israel||1976 (as part of Chocolate, Menta, Mastik)|
|Anita Skorgan||🇳🇴 Norway||1977|
3.3.Participants and results. The following tables reflect the confirmed, verified scores, which were adjusted after the live broadcast. During the voting announcement, due to a misunderstanding by the presenter Yardena Arazi, Spain appeared to award 10 points to both Portugal and Israel and these scores were added to the scoreboard. After the programme, verification confirmed that Portugal should only have received six points, leaving the total Portuguese score reduced by four points to 64.
3.4.All the national selections for Eurovision Song Contest 1979:
• National Selections in 1979:
|🇧🇪 Belgium||Eurosong 1979 (song selection)[a]||Micha Marah – “Hey Nana”|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||Melodi Grand Prix 1979||Tommy Seebach – “Disco Tango”|
|🇫🇮 Finland||(Finnish Selection 1979)||Katri Helena – “Katson sineen taivaan“|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Ein Lied für Jerusalem||Dschinghis Khan – “Dschinghis Khan”|
|🇬🇷 Greece||(Greek Selection 1979)||Elpida – “Sokrati” (Σωκράτη)|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||(Irish Selection 1979)||Cathal Dunne – “Happy Man”|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Israel Song Festival 1979||Milk and Honey – “Hallelujah” (הללויה)|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nationaal Songfestival 1979 (song selection)[b]||Xandra – “Colorado”|
|🇳🇴 Norway||Melodi Grand Prix 1979||Anita Skorgan – “Oliver”|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||Festival da Canção 1979||Manuela Bravo – “Sobe, sobe, balão sobe“|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||Melodifestival 1979||Ted Gärdestad – “Satellit“|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||Concours Eurovision 1979||Peter, Sue and Marc, Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri – “Trödler und Co“|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||Şarkı Yarışması 1979||Maria Rita Epik and 21. Peron – “Seviyorum” (I’m Loving)|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||A Song for Europe 1979||Black Lace – “Mary Ann”|
• Internal Selections in 1979:
|🇦🇹 Austria||Christina Simon – “Heute in Jerusalem“|
|🇫🇷 France||Anne-Marie David – “Je suis l’enfant soleil“|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Matia Bazar – “Raggio di luna“|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||Jeane Manson – “J’ai déjà vu ça dans tes yeux“|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Laurent Vaguener – “Notre vie c’est la musique“|
|🇪🇸 Spain||Betty Missiego – “Su canción“|
4.Voting. Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. This was the last year in which the points were announced via order of appearance, as opposed to order of preference. From the next year’s contest onwards, the points were announced in ascending order instead. This has remained in place ever since.
The voting was extremely close. Israel gained a good lead in the early stages of the voting, but Spain eventually caught up and took a good lead themselves. At the close of the penultimate jury’s votes, Israel were one point behind Spain, and only the Spanish jury had yet to give their votes. Spain ended up giving Israel 10 points, causing the crowd to erupt into enormous cheers.
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||51||8||10||5||3||3||7||3||4||4||4|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||73||4||8||10||7||7||1||2||8||5||10||6||5|
4.1.12 points. Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||🇮🇱 Israel||🇫🇮 Finland, 🇮🇪 Ireland, 🇳🇴 Norway, 🇵🇹 Portugal, 🇸🇪 Sweden, 🇬🇧 United Kindom|
|4||🇩🇪 Germany||🇩🇰 Denmark, 🇫🇷 France, 🇲🇨 Monaco, 🇪🇸 Spain|
|🇪🇸 Spain||🇧🇪 Belgium, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇮🇹 Italy, 🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|2||🇩🇰 Denmark||🇬🇷 Greece, 🇮🇱 Israel|
|🇫🇷 France||🇱🇺 Luxembourg, 🇳🇱 The Netherlands|
|1||🇨🇭 Switzerland||🇦🇹 Austria|
4.2.Spokespersons. Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1979 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – João Abel Fonseca
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Paola Perissi
- 🇩🇰 Denmark – Bent Henius
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – David Heffernan
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Kaarina Pönniö
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Carole Chabrier
- 🇬🇷 Greece – Niki Venega
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Lotti Ohnesorge
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Dan Kaner
- 🇫🇷 France – Denise Fabre
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – An Ploegaerts
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Jacques Harvey
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Ivo Niehe
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Sven Lindahl
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Colin Berry
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Jenny Pippal
- 🇪🇸 Spain – Manuel Almendros
5.Broadcasts. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|🇦🇹 Austria||FS1||Max Schautzer||–|
|Hitradio Ö3||Walter Richard Langer|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||BRT TV1||Dutch: Luc Appermont||–|
|RTBF1||French: Paule Herreman||–|
|BRT Radio 1||Dutch: Nand Baert and Herwig Haes|
|RTBF La Première||French: Marc Danval|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||DR TV||Jørgen de Mylius||–|
|DR P3||Kjeld Koplev|
|🇫🇮 Finland||YLE TV1||Anja-Maija Leppänen||–|
|YLE Rinnakkaisohjelma||Matti Paalosmaa and Jaakko Salonoja|
|🇫🇷 France||TF1||Marc Menant||–|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Deutsches Fernsehen||Ado Schlier and Gabi Schnelle||–|
|Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2||Wolf Mittler|
|🇬🇷 Greece||ERT||Mako Georgiadou||–|
|Proto Programma||Dimitris Konstantaras|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||RTÉ 1||Mike Murphy|
|RTÉ Radio||Liam Devally|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Israeli Television||No commentator|
|Reshet Gimel||Yoram Arbel||–|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Rete 1||Rosanna Vaudetti|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||RTL Télé Luxembourg||Jacques Navadic||–|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Télé Monte Carlo||José Sacré|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nederland 2||Willem Duys||–|
|🇳🇴 Norway||NRK||Egil Teige||–|
|NRK P1||Erik Heyerdahl|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||RTP1||Fialho Gouveia||–|
|🇪🇸 Spain||TVE1||Miguel de los Santos||–|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||SR TV1||Ulf Elfving||–|
|SR P3||Kent Finell||–|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||TV DRS||German: Max Rüeger||–|
|TSR||French: Georges Hardy||–|
|TSI||Italian: Giovanni Bertini|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||BBC1||John Dunn||–|
|BBC Radio 2||Ray Moore||–|
|Hong Kong||TVB Jade||Cantonese: Regina Hing Yue Tsang (曾慶瑜), Lee Chi-chung (李志中)||–|
|TVB Pearl||English: George Lam (林子祥)|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||Ankara Television||Bülend Özveren|
|Yugoslavia||TVB 2||Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić||–|
|TVZ 1||Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar|
|TVL 1||Slovene: Tomaž Terček|
6.1.Religious complaints. Religious politicians in Israel complained about the dress rehearsals taking part on Saturday morning, thus violating Jewish religious laws, prohibiting working on the Sabbath.
6.2.Swiss airport arrival. The Swiss delegation had to face a thorough security check at the airport, with the security officers demanding an explanation for the amount of garden tools they brought (which they brought for their performance).
6.3.Belgian language. When calling the various national juries, the presenters greeted every country, saying “good evening” and “thank you” in their own national language. During the dress rehearsal, when Yardena Arazi called the Belgian jury, she greeted them in French, although the Belgian entry was represented this year by the Flemish broadcaster VRT. The Belgian delegation protested that their spokesperson was not greeted in Dutch. The production team apologised, and during the live show, Arazi did greet them in Dutch. Ever since, VRT presents their votes in English (except for 1987), to distinguish themselves from the Walloon broadcaster RTBF.
6.4.Israeli entrant name. During the week of rehearsals, Gali Atari, one of the members of newly formed Israeli group Milk and Honey, demanded for the name of the group to be changed to “Gali Atari & Milk and Honey”. The other members of the group (Reuven Gvirtz, Yehuda Tamir, and Shmulik Bilu) expressed their objection. The argument was ended by the IBA, who told Atari that the Israeli entry has already been registered as “Milk and Honey”, and according to the EBU rules cannot be changed. They did promise her, however, that should Israel win the contest, the presenters will declare the winners as “Gali Atari & Milk and Honey”. Israel eventually won, and presenter Daniel Pe’er did state the name of the group in that way in Hebrew and English. However, when it was presenter Yardena Arazi’s turn to declare the winner in French, she said “Milk and Honey” only, without mentioning Atari’s name. Gossip tabloids in Israel claimed Arazi said before the show: “I’m not willing to take part in Gali Atari’s caprices”.
- [a] Micha Marah was internally selected to represent Belgium at Eurovision 1979. The song “Hey Nana” that Micha performed at Eurovision was selected through four elimination heats and a final.
- [b] Xandra was internally selected to represent The Netherlands at Eurovision 1979. The song “Colorado” that Xandra performed at Eurovision was selected through the Nationaal Songfestival 1979 with five songs.
8.Trivial / Fun facts.
- The Belgian singer Micha Marah was very unhappy with her song Hey Nana as this was selected against her will.
- Micha Marah refused to record the song and it remains one of the few songs in Eurovision Song Contest with no studio-version.
- Monaco decided to withdraw after they finished in 16th place. The country would return 25 years later, in 2004.
← Eurovision Song Contest 1978 • Eurovision Song Contest 1979 • Eurovision Song Contest 1980 →
Countries (in order of appearance)
|Final||Portugal ⦁ Italy ⦁ Denmark ⦁ Ireland ⦁ Finland ⦁ Monaco ⦁ Greece ⦁ Switzerland ⦁ Germany ⦁ Israel (winner) • France ⦁ Belgium ⦁ Luxembourg ⦁ The Netherlands • Sweden • Norway ⦁ United Kingdom • Austria • Spain|
Artists (in order of appearance)
|Final||Manuela Bravo ⦁ Matia Bazar ⦁ Tommy Seebach ⦁ Cathal Dunne ⦁ Katri Helena ⦁ Laurent Vaguener ⦁ Elpida ⦁ Peter, Sue and Marc, Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri ⦁ Dschinghis Khan ⦁ Milk and Honey (winner) ⦁ Anne-Marie David • Micha Marah ⦁ Jeane Manson ⦁ Xandra ⦁ Ted Gärdestad • Anita Skorgan ⦁ Black Lace ⦁ Christina Simon • Betty Missiego|
Songs (in order of appearance)
|Final||“Sobe, sobe, balão sobe” ⦁ “Raggio di luna” ⦁ “Disco Tango” ⦁ “Happy Man” ⦁ “Katson sineen taivaan” ⦁ “Notre vie c’est la musique” ⦁ “Sokrati” (Σωκράτη) ⦁ “Trödler und Co” ⦁ “Dschinghis Khan” ⦁ “Hallelujah” (הללויה) (winner) ⦁ “Je suis l’enfant soleil” • “Hey Nana” ⦁ “J’ai déjà vu ça dans tes yeux” ⦁ “Colorado” ⦁ “Satellit” • “Mary Ann” ⦁ “Heute in Jerusalem” • “Su canción“|
|Non-participating entries: Turkey: Maria Rita Epik & 21.Peron – “Seviyorum” (I Love)”|