- Dates – Grand Final: Saturday, 15 May, 1993, 21:00 CEST
- Host – Venue & Location: Green Glens Arena (Millstreet Arena), Millstreet, 🇮🇪 Ireland
- Presenter (s): Fionnuala Sweeney
- Musical Director: Noel Kelehan.
- Director: Anita Notaro
- Executive Producer: Liam Miller
- Executive Supervisor: Christian Clausen
- Multicamera Director: Anita Notaro
- Host broadcaster: Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
- Opening Act: The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.
- Interval Act: “Why Me?”, performed by Linda Martin; “Voices (Are Calling)”, performed by Johnny Logan with the Children of Millstreet and the Cork School of Music Choirs.
- Participants – Number of entries: 25 [🇧🇪 Belgium (35ª), 🇩🇪 Germany (35ª), 🇨🇭 Switzerland (35ª), 🇬🇧 United Kindom (33ª), 🇪🇸 Spain (30ª), 🇱🇺 Luxembourg (34ª), 🇫🇮 Finland (29ª), 🇳🇴 Norway (30ª), 🇵🇹 Portugal (26ª), 🇦🇹 Austria (31ª), 🇸🇪 Sweden (31ª), 🇩🇰 Denmark (26ª), 🇹🇷 Turkey (16ª), 🇫🇷 France (34ª), 🇮🇪 Ireland (25ª), 🇮🇱 Israel (17ª), 🇮🇸 Iceland (8ª), 🇬🇷 Greece (15ª), 🇮🇹 Italy (32ª), 🇨🇾 Cyprus (12ª), 🇲🇹 Malta (6ª), 🇳🇱 The Netherlands (33ª), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1ª), 🇭🇷 Croatia (1ª), 🇸🇮 Slovenia (1ª)]; 7 pre-qualifying round [ 🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina (1ª), 🇭🇷 Croatia (1ª), 🇸🇮 Slovenia (1ª), 🇪🇪 Estonia (1ª),🇭🇺 Hungary (1ª), 🇷🇴 Romania (1ª), 🇸🇰 Slovakia (1ª)]
- Debuting countries: 🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina (1ª), 🇭🇷 Croatia (1ª), 🇸🇮 Slovenia (1ª)
- Return: —
- Non-returning countries: Yugoslavia (26ª)
- Vote – Voting system: Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs.
- Nil Points: —
- Winning song: “In Your Eyes” – Niamh Kavanagh – 🇮🇪 Ireland (5ª)
About. The tiny town of Millstreet in Ireland was the centre of Europe when it hosted the 1993 Eurovision Song Contest.
Changing times. The 1993 Eurovision Song Contest, held in Millstreet, a small town in South West Ireland, home to 1500 people, was an ambitious production for national broadcaster RTE. The 1993 contest is to date, the only competition in Ireland that has been held outside of the capital Dublin. The early 1990s were a time of massive change in Europe. These changes were reflected in the Eurovision Song Contest as newly sovereign nations took to the stage. In order to accommodate the growing number of countries eager to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest, a pre-selection,Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, took place in Ljubljana, Slovenia ahead of the contest in which seven countries competed. Three countries made their respective debuts; Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia.
Same story, different cast. The top two in 1993 was exactly the same as the year before; Ireland in first place, the United Kingdom in second. The Irish entry, In Your Eyes performed by Niamh Kavanagh beat the United Kingdom’s Sonia on the very last vote.
Facts & figures. The idea to stage the Eurovision Song Contest came from local Millstreet businessman Noel C Duggan who offered host broadcaster RTE the venue for free. The Glen Greens Arena, the venue for the 1993 contest, was actually an equestrian centre at the time; To cope with the growing numbers of participating countries, a relegation system was introduced in 1993 meaning that the bottom seven countries would miss out on a place in the contest the following year. However since Italy and Luxembourg withdrew voluntarily, only the bottom five countries missed the 1994 competition.
|O/R||country||participant(s)||SONG – TRANSLATE – LANGUAGE||Points||rank|
|01||🇮🇹 Italy RAI||Enrico Ruggeri||Sole d’Europa (Sun of Europe) Italian||045||12|
|02||🇹🇷 Turkey TRT||Burak Aydos (Burak Aydos, Öztürk Baybora & Serter)||Esmer yarim (My darling brunette) Turkish||010||21|
|03||🇩🇪 Germany ARD||Münchner Freiheit||Viel zu weit (Much too far) German||018||18|
|04||🇨🇭 Switzerland SSR SRG||Annie Cotton||Moi, tout simplement (Quite simply myself) French||148||03|
|05||🇩🇰 Denmark DR||Tommy Seebach Band||Under stjererne på himlen (Under the stars of the sky) Danish||009||22|
|06||🇬🇷 Greece ERT||Keti Garbi (Καίτη Γαρμπή, Katerina Garbi)||Ellada, hora tou fotos (Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός, Greece, country of light) Greek||064||09|
|07||🇧🇪 Belgium BRTN||Barbara||Iemand als jij (Someone like you) Dutch||003||25|
|08||🇲🇹 Malta PBM||William Mangion||This time English||069||08|
|09||🇮🇸 Iceland RÚV||Inga||Þá veistu svarið (Then you’ll know the answer) Icelandic||042||13|
|10||🇦🇹 Austria ÖRF||Tony Wegas||Maria Magdalena (Mary Magdalene) German||032||14|
|11||🇵🇹 Portugal RTP||Anabela||A cidade (até ser dia) [The city (until dawn)] Portuguese||060||10|
|12||🇫🇷 France FT2||Patrick Fiori||Mama Corsica French, Corsican||121||14|
|13||🇸🇪 Sweden SVT||Arvingarna||Eloise Swedish||089||07|
|14||🇮🇪 Ireland RTÉ||Niamh Kavanagh||In your eyes English||187||01|
|15||🇱🇺 Luxembourg CLT||Modern Times||Donne-moi une chance (Give me a chance) French, Luxembourgish||011||20|
|16||🇸🇮 Slovenia RTVSLO||1X Band (1X Бенд)||Tih deževen dan (A quiet rainy day) Slovene||009||22|
|17||🇫🇮 Finland YLE||Katri-Helena||Tule luo (Come to me) Finnish||020||17|
|18||🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina RTVBIH||Fazla (Фазла, Muhamed Fazlagić)||Sva bol svijeta (Сва бол свијета, All the pain in the world) Bosnian||027||16|
|19||🇬🇧 United Kindom BBC||Sonia||Better the devil you know English||164||02|
|20||🇳🇱 The Netherlands NOS||Ruth Jacott||Vrede (Peace) Dutch||092||06|
|21||🇭🇷 Croatia HRT||Put||Don’t ever cry Croatian, English||031||15|
|22||🇪🇸 Spain TVE||Eva Santamaría||Hombres (Men) Spanish||058||11|
|23||🇨🇾 Cyprus CyBC||Kyriakos Zymboulakis & Van Beke (Κυριάκος Ζυμπουλάκης & Δήμος Van Beke, Κυριάκος Ζυμπουλάκης και Δήμος Μπεκέ, Kyriakos Zymboulakis & Demos Van Beke)||Mi stamatas (Μη σταματάς, Don’t stop) Greek||017||19|
|24||🇮🇱 Israel IBA||Lahakat Shiru (להקת שירו, Sarah’le Sharon & The Shiru Group, שרהל’ה שרון ולהקת ירו)||Shiru (שירו, Sing) Hebrew, English||004||24|
|25||🇳🇴 Norway NRK||Silje Vige||Alle mine tankar (All my thoughts) Norwegian||120||05|
Missed participation (Entries which failed to qualify)
Pre-qualifying competitions were held in advance of the 1993 and 1996 editions of the contest, as a measure to reduce the number of competing entries. In 1993 Kvalifikacija za Millstreet was held between seven new Eastern European countries competing for three places in the contest proper; in 1996 an audio-only competition was held for all interested participants, with Norway automatically qualified as host country and 29 additional countries competing for 22 places in the contest. Unlike the semi-final system in place since 2004, in which countries that do not advance from the semi-finals are still credited as having participated in the contest, countries which competed in these pre-qualifying rounds but failed to progress to the main contest have not been credited with having participated in that year’s contest.
- • 🇪🇪 Estonia: “Muretut meelt ja südametuld” (Estonian) – Janika Sillamaa.
- • 🇭🇺 Hungary: “Árva reggel” (Hungarian) – Andrea Szulák.
- • 🇷🇴 Romania: “Nu pleca” (Romanian) – Dida Drăgan.
- • 🇸🇰 Slovakia: “Amnestia na neveru” (Slovak) – Elán.
Participating countries Countries that participated in the past but not in 1993 Countries that lost Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Millstreet, Ireland, following the country’s victory at the 1992 contest with the song “Why Me?” by Linda Martin. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), the contest was held at the Green Glens Arena on 15 May 1993 and was hosted by Irish TV-reporter Fionnuala Sweeney, marking the first time since the 1987 contest that just one presenter had hosted the contest.
Twenty-five countries took part in the contest – the biggest number up until then. The breakup of Yugoslavia meant that many new countries wanted to participate in the competition. Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia all competed for the first time in the contest this year.
Ireland scored a second victory in a row this year with the song “In Your Eyes” by Niamh Kavanagh. This was Ireland’s fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Ireland became the fourth country to win two years in a row, after Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979. Additionally, the top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year’s contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.
1.Location. The location for this year’s edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest.
The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor and well- equipped equestrian centre that could accommodate a 3500 seated audience was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town’s infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. Killarney, a larger town located 30 kilometres from Millstreet was chosen as a second host town, accommodating the majority of the contestants and delegates. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical and logistical success for all involved.
The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin. The design resembled a scalene triangular shaped performance area, under lit by multicoloured cable lighting and featured a hydraulically controlled walkway, with a mirrored ceiling structure suspended above the stage that mirrored the floor shape and reflected lighting.
BBC newsreader Nicholas Witchell caused controversy by asking Mr Duggan, live on air and shortly before the contest, how he felt about holding a major international cultural event “in a cowshed in Ireland”. Noel Duggan replied that, unlike the chaotic 1993 Grand National (which had taken place the previous month, but which was declared void following two false starts and the unsuccessful recall of the second), the 1993 Eurovision would start on time, it would finish on time and there would be a winner. Mr Duggan also noted that the Green Glens Arena was “a horseshed”. Mr Witchell subsequently apologized for his question.
2.Qualification. In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a ‘sticking-plaster’ measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.
3.1.Conductors. Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Vittorio Cosma
- 🇹🇷 Turkey – no conductor
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Norbert Daum
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Marc Sorrentino
- 🇩🇰 Denmark – George Keller
- 🇬🇷 Greece– Haris Andreadis
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – Bert Candries
- 🇲🇹 Malta – Joseph Sammut
- 🇮🇸 Iceland – Jon Kjell Seljeseth
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Christian Kolonovits
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Armindo Neves
- 🇫🇷 France – Christian Cravero
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Francis Goya
- 🇸🇮 Slovenia – Jože Privšek
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- 🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina – Noel Kelehan[a]
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Nigel Wright
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- 🇭🇷 Croatia – Andrej Baša
- 🇪🇸 Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- 🇨🇾 Cyprus – George Theofanous
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Amir Frohlich
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Rolf Løvland
|Tony Wegas||🇦🇹 Austria||1992|
|Katri Helena||🇫🇮 Finland||1979|
|Tommy Seebach||🇩🇰 Denmark||1979, 1981 (with Debbie Cameron)|
3.3.Participants and results.
3.4.All the national selections for Eurovision Song Contest 1993:
• National Selections in 1993:
|🇦🇹 Austria||(Austrian Selection 1993) (song selection)[c]||Tony Wegas – “Maria Magdalena”|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||Eurosong ’93||Barbara / Barbara Dex – “Iemand als jij“|
|🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina||BH Eurosong 1993||Fazla – “Sva bol svijeta“|
|🇭🇷 Croatia||Dora 1993||Put – “Don’t Ever Cry”|
|🇨🇾 Cyprus||(Cypriot Selection 1993)||Zymboulakis and Van Beke / Kyriakos Zymboulakis & Demos Van Beke – “Mi stamatas” (Μη σταματάς)|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||Melodi Grand Prix 1993||Tommy Seebach Band – “Under stjernerne på himlen“|
|🇪🇪 Estonia||Eurolaul 1993 (song selection)[d]||Janika Sillamaa – “Muretut meelt ja südametuld“|
|🇫🇮 Finland||(Finnish Selection 1993)||Katri Helena – “Tule luo“|
|🇮🇸 Iceland||Söngvakeppni Sjónvarpsins 1993||Inga / Ingibjörg Stefánsdóttir – “Þá veistu svarið“|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||Eurosong 1993||Niamh Kavanagh – “In Your Eyes”|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Kdam Eurovision 1993||Lehakat Shiru / Sarah’ le Sharon & Group Shiru – “Shiru” (שירו)|
|🇲🇹 Malta||(Maltese Selection 1993)||William Mangion – “This Time” / (Issa)|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nationaal Songfestival 1993 (song selection)[e]||Ruth Jacott – Rede|
|🇳🇴 Norway||Melodi Grand Prix 1993||Silje Vige – “Alle mine tankar“|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||Festival da Canção 1993||Anabela – “A cidade (até ser dia)“|
|🇷🇴 Romania||Selecția Națională 1993||Dida Drăgan – “Nu pleca“|
|🇸🇮 Slovenia||Slovenski izbor za Pesem Evrovizije 1993||1X Band – “Tih deževen dan“|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||Melodifestival 1993||Arvingarna – “Eloise”|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||Concours Eurovision 1993||Annie Cotton – “Moi, tout simplement“|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||Şarkı Yarışması 1993||Burak Aydos, Öztürk Baybora & Serter – Esmer yarim|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||A Song for Europe 1993 (song selection)[f]||Sonia – “Better the Devil You Know”|
• Internal Selections in 1993:
|🇫🇷 France||Patrick Fiori – “Mama Corsica”|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Münchener Freiheit – “Viel zu weit“|
|🇬🇷 Greece||Katy Garbi – “Ellada, hora tou fotos” (Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός)|
|🇭🇺 Hungary||Andrea Szulák – “Árva reggel“|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Enrico Ruggeri – “Sole d’Europa“|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||Modern Times – “Donne-moi une chance“|
|🇸🇰 Slovakia||Elán – “Amnestia na neveru“|
|🇪🇸 Spain||Eva Santamaría – “Hombres“|
4.Detailed voting results. Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. The 1993 contest was the last time juries would deliver their votes via telephone lines, with satellite video links introduced the following year.
|🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina||27||3||12||1||4||4||3|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||164||1||8||6||5||8||12||12||12||7||6||10||8||8||10||5||3||4||10||5||4||12||8|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||92||6||6||7||7||3||6||3||5||12||7||10||3||7||10|
4.1.12 points. Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|7||🇮🇪 Ireland||🇮🇹 Italy, 🇲🇹 Malta, 🇳🇴 Norway, 🇸🇮 Slovenia, 🇸🇪 Sweden, 🇨🇭 Switzerland, 🇬🇧 United Kindom|
|4||🇬🇧 United Kindom||🇦🇹 Austria, 🇧🇪 Belgium, 🇮🇸 Iceland, 🇮🇱 Israel|
|3||🇳🇴 Norway||🇭🇷 Croatia, 🇫🇮 Finland, 🇬🇷 Greece|
|Switzerland||🇫🇷 France, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇱🇺 Luxembourg|
|2||🇫🇷 France||🇩🇰 Denmark, 🇵🇹 Portugal|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||🇳🇱 The Netherlands, 🇪🇸 Spain|
|1||🇦🇹 Austria||🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina||🇹🇷 Turkey|
|🇬🇷 Greece||🇨🇾 Cyprus|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||🇮🇪 Ireland|
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Peppi Franzelin
- 🇹🇷 Turkey – Ömer Önder
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Carmen Nebel
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- 🇩🇰 Denmark – Bent Henius
- 🇬🇷 Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – An Ploegaerts
- 🇮🇸 Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Andy Lee
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Melo
- 🇫🇷 France – Olivier Minne
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Gösta Hanson
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Eileen Dunne
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – TBC
- 🇸🇮 Slovenia – Miša Molk
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Solveig Herlin
- 🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Zagorac
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Colin Berry
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Joop van Os
- 🇭🇷 Croatia – Velimir Đuretić
- 🇪🇸 Spain – María Ángeles Balañac
- 🇨🇾 Cyprus – Anna Partelidou
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Danny Rup
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- 🇲🇹 Malta – Kevin Drake[b]
National broadcasters were able to send a commentary team to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|🇦🇹 Austria||ORF 1||Ernst Grissemann|
|Hitradio Ö3||Martin Blumenau|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||BRTN TV1||Dutch: André Vermeulen||–|
|RTBF1||French: Claude Delacroix|
|BRTN Radio 2||Dutch: Julien Put|
|RTBF La Première||French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel|
|🇧🇦Bosnia and Herzegovina||TV BiH||Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac|
|🇭🇷 Croatia||HTV 1||Aleksandar “Aco” Kostadinov|
|🇨🇾 Cyprus||RIK 1||Evi Papamichail|
|RIK Deftero||Pavlos Pavlou|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||DR TV||Jørgen de Mylius|
|DR P3||Ole Jacobsen|
|🇫🇮 Finland||YLE TV1||Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi|
|Radiomafia||Sanna Kojo and Outi Popp||–|
|🇫🇷 France||France 2||Patrice Laffont|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen||Jan Hofer|
|Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4||Horst Senker|
|🇬🇷 Greece||ET1||Dafni Bokota|
|ERA 1||Giorgos Mitropoulos|
|🇮🇸 Iceland||Sjónvarpið||Jakob Frímann Magnússon||–|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||RTÉ 1||Pat Kenny|
|RTÉ Radio 1||Larry Gogan|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Israeli Television||No commentator|
|Reshet Gimel||Yigal Ravid|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Rai Uno||Ettore Andenna|
|Rai Radio 2||Antonio De Robertis|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||RTL Hei Elei||Maurice Molitor|
|🇲🇹 Malta||TVM||Charles Saliba|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nederland 3||Willem van Beusekom||–|
|Radio 3||Daniël Dekker|
|🇳🇴 Norway||NRK||Leif Erik Forberg|
|NRK P1||Erik Diesen|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||RTP Canal 1||Isabel Bahia|
|🇸🇮 Slovenia||SLO1||Tajda Lekše|
|🇪🇸 Spain||La Primera||José Luis Uribarri|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||TV2||Jan Jingryd and Kåge Gimtell|
|SR P3||Susan Seidemar and Claes-Johan Larsson|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||SF DRS||German: Mariano Tschuor|
|TSR||French: Jean-Marc Richard|
|TSI||Italian: Emanuela Gaggini|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||TRT 1||Bülend Özveren|
|TRT Radyo 3||Canan Kumbasar|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||BBC1||Terry Wogan||–|
|BBC Radio 2||Ken Bruce||–|
|🇦🇺 Australia||SBS TV||Unknown|
|🇭🇺 Hungary||MTV 2||István Vágó|
|Macedonia||MTV 2||Antonio Dimitrievski and Ivan Mirčevski|
|🇵🇱 Poland||TVP1||Artur Orzech and Maria Szabłowska|
|🇷🇴 Romania||TVR2||Doina Caramzulescu|
|🇷🇺 Russia||RTR||Vadim Dolgachyov|
|🇸🇰 Slovakia||STV1||Alena Heribanová|
- [a] The nominated conductor for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sinan Alimanović, was unable to safely commute to the flight to Ireland due to the ongoing Bosnian War; the contest’s musical director, Noel Kelehan, subsequently led the orchestra during the Bosnian entry.
- [b] Malta was originally scheduled to announce their votes as the 8th country, but instead voted 25th, after all the other countries announced their votes. The reason for this was technical difficulties in the minutes running up to the voting presentation.
- [c] Tony Wegas was internally selected to represent Austria at Eurovision 1993. The song “Maria Magdalena” that Tony would perform at Eurovision was selected through a national final with seven songs.
- [d] Janika Sillamaa was internally selected to represent Estonia at Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (Qualification for Millstreet), the pre-selection for Eurovision Song Contest 1993. Pre-qualifying round for Eurovision 1993: Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (Qualification for Millstreet), the pre-selection for Eurovision Song Contest 1993. Seven countries took part, none of which had participated in the Eurovision before. Three of the songs qualified for Eurovision 1993. Estonia’s winning song of Eurolaul (“Muretut meelt ja südametuld”) finished fifth in the pre-selection, so they were not represented at Eurovision 1993 in Millstreet, Ireland.
- [e] Ruth Jacott was internally selected to represent Netherlands at Eurovision 1993. The song “Vrede” that Jacott performed at Eurovision was selected through the Nationaal Songfestival 1993 with eight songs.
- [f] Sonia was internally selected to represent United Kingdom at Eurovision 1993. The song “Better The Devil You Know” that Sonia performed at Eurovision was selected through A Song for Europe 1993 with eight songs.
- Dates – Grand Final: Saturday, 3 April 1993, 21:00 CEST
- Host – Venue & Location: RTV SLO Studio 1, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Presenter (s): Tajda Lekše
- Musical Director: Petar Ugrin, Mojmir Sepe (during the end credits)
- Director: Peter Juratovec
- Executive Producer: Edo Brzin
- Executive Supervisor: Frank Naef
- Multicamera Director: —
- Host broadcaster: Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTV SLO)
- Opening Act: —
- Interval Act: Songs from the existing repertoire of each of the competing artists (Bosnia ed Erzegovina: Fazla “Kiša ruši grad”, Croazia: Put “Mom zavičaju”, Estonia Janika Sillamaa “I Live For Your Love”, Ungheria: Andrea Szulák “Don’t Wanna Stop My Clock”, Romania: Dida Drăgan “Blestem (The Curse)”; Slovenia: 1X Band “Novo jutro”, Slovacchia: Elán “Od Tatier k Dunaju”).
- Participants – Number of entries: 7 [ Bosnia and Herzegovina (1ª), Croatia (1ª), Slovenia (1ª), Estonia (1ª), Hungary (1ª), Romania (1ª), Slovakia (1ª)];
- Vote – Voting system: Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs.
- Winning song: “Tih deževen dan” – 1X Band – Slovenia; “Sva bol svijeta” – Fazla – Bosnia and Herzegovina; “Don’t Ever Cry” – Put – Croatia
Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (English: Preselection for Millstreet; French: Présélection pour Millstreet) was the preselection for the 1993 Eurovision Song Contest. Seven countries took part, none of which had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest before, although songs from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia had represented Yugoslavia in past contests. Three qualified for the annual Eurovision in Millstreet, Ireland. It was held on 3 April 1993 at the RTV SLO Broadcasting Centre in Ljubljana, Slovenia. The presenter Tajda Lekše hosted the programme in English, French and Slovene.
After the seven competing songs were presented and the juries made their final results, the seven competing artists performed once again on stage, performing songs from their existing repertoire.
From the seven competing countries, the former Yugoslav nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia qualified for Eurovision 1993, which was held on 15 May 1993 in Millstreet, Ireland. Because of the new relegation system that had been introduced to Eurovision, all four non-qualifying countries would be eligible to take part in the 1994, while the three qualifying countries would only participate, depending if they received favourable results.
1.Organisation. Following the fall of the Iron Curtain and the dislocation of Yugoslavia, the number of countries wishing to participate in the contest grew strongly. For the second consecutive year, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) expanded the maximum number of participating countries from twenty-three to twenty-five. As Yugoslavia was excluded, only the twenty-two other countries that participated in the 1992 edition of the competition immediately won a place in the final. The EBU decided that the last three places would be awarded through a preselection, which would be organized by Slovenian public television.
2.1.Conductors. Each performance had an orchestra and conductor. The second performances for the countries were performed without the orchestra, with some of them being playback. In Romania’s second performance, George Natsis accompanied Dida Drăgan with a piano.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Esad Arnautalić
- Croatia – Andrej Baša
- Estonia – Peeter Lilje
- Hungary – Petar Ugrin
- Romania – George Natsis
- Slovenia – Petar Ugrin
- Slovakia – Vladimir Valovič
|O/R||COUNTRY||PARTICIPANT(S)||SONG – TRANSLATE – LANGUAGE||POINTS||RANK|
|01||Bosnia and Herzegovina RTVBIH||Fazla||Sva bol svijeta (Сва бол свијета, All the pain in the world) Bosnian||052||02|
|02||Croatia HRT||Put||Don’t ever cry Croatian, English||051||03|
|03||Estonia ERR||Janika Sillamaa||Muretut meelt ja südametuld (Hassle-free mind and a light heart) Estonian||047||05|
|04||Hungary MTV||Andrea Szulák||Árva reggel (Orphan morning) Hungarian||044||06|
|05||Romania TVR||Dida Drăgan||Nu pleca (Do not go) Romanian||038||07|
|06||Slovenia RTVSLO||1X Band||Tih deževen dan (A quiet rainy day) Slovene||054||01|
|07||Slovakia STV||Elán||Amnestia na neveru (Amnesty) Slovak||050||04|
2.3.Interval. In order for the jury to complete the voting, each artist performed a second song from their repertoire. These performances did not count towards the points given by the jury.
|1||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Fazla||“Kiša ruši grad“||Bosnian|
|3||Estonia||Janika Sillamaa||“I live for your love“||English|
|4||Hungary||Andrea Szulák||“Don’t wanna stop my clock“||Hungarian[a]|
|5||Romania||Dida Drăgan||“Blestem (The curse)“||Romanian|
|6||Slovenia||1X Band||“Novo jutro“||Slovene|
|7||Slovakia||Elán||“Od Tatier k Dunaju“||Slovak|
3.Scoreboard (Semi-Finale: Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (Qualificazione per Millstreet)).
|Risultati della Giuria|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||52||5||8||10||10||7||12|
3.1.Voting and jury members. Each country sent a single juror, who was present at the contest venue. They announced their votes as the camera was trained on them.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (Yugoslav representative at the 1976 contest as part of Ambasadori)
- Croatia – Ksenija Urličić
- Estonia – Jüri Makarov
- Hungary – Péter Wolf (Hungarian conductor in the 1994 and 1997 Contests)
- Romania – Aurora Andronache
- Slovenia – Mojmir Sepe (Yugoslav conductor at the 1966 and 1970 contests, and Slovene conductor at the 1997 and 1998 contests)
- Slovakia – Stanislav Bartovič
3.3.Participants and results.
3.4.All the national selections for Eurovision Song Contest 1993:
• National Selections in 1993:
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||BH Eurosong 1993||Fazla – “Sva bol svijeta“|
|Croatia||Dora 1993||Put – “Don’t Ever Cry”|
|Estonia||Eurolaul 1993 (song selection)[d]||Janika Sillamaa – “Muretut meelt ja südametuld“|
|Romania||Selecția Națională 1993||Dida Drăgan – “Nu pleca“|
|Slovenia||Slovenski izbor za Pesem Evrovizije 1993||1X Band – “Tih deževen dan“|
• Internal Selections in 1993:
|Hungary||Andrea Szulák – “Árva reggel“|
|Slovakia||Elán – “Amnestia na neveru“|
4.Broadcasts. National broadcasters were able to send a commentary team to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||TVBiH||Unknown|
|Croatia||HRT 2||Aleksandar “Aco” Kostadinov|
|Estonia||Eesti Televisioon||Olavi Pihlamägi|
- Although the song was completely in Hungarian, the title was in English.
7.Trivial / Fun facts.
- The venue for the 1993 contest was very unusual – it was normally used for horse auctions in the tiny town of Millstreet.
- The contestants complained they were in the middle of nowhere with not a pub in sight.
|← Eurovision Song Contest 1992 • Eurovision Song Contest 1993 • Eurovision Song Contest 1994 →|
Countries (in order of appearance)
|Final||Italy ⦁ Turkey ⦁ Germany ⦁ Switzerland ⦁ Denmark ⦁ Greece ⦁ Belgium ⦁ Malta ⦁ Iceland • Austria ⦁ Portugal ⦁ France ⦁ Sweden • Ireland (winner) ⦁ Luxembourg • Slovenia ⦁ Finland ⦁ Bosnia and Herzegovina ⦁ United Kingdom • The Netherlands • Croatia ⦁ Spain ⦁ Cyprus ⦁ Israel ⦁ Norway|
|Qualification||Bosnia and Herzegovina ⦁ Croatia ⦁ Estonia ⦁ Hungary ⦁ Romania ⦁ Slovenia ⦁ Slovakia|
Artists (in order of appearance)
|Final||Enrico Ruggeri ⦁ Burak Aydos ⦁ Münchener Freiheit ⦁ Annie Cotton ⦁ Tommy Seebach Band ⦁ Katy Garbi ⦁ Barbara ⦁ William Mangion ⦁ Inga • Tony Wegas ⦁ Anabela ⦁ Patrick Fiori • Arvingarna ⦁ Niamh Kavanagh (winner) ⦁ Modern Times ⦁ 1X Band • Katri Helena ⦁ Fazla ⦁ Sonia ⦁ Ruth Jacott • Put ⦁ Eva Santamaría ⦁ Zymboulakis and Van Beke • Lehakat Shiru ⦁ Silje Vige|
|Qualification||Fazla ⦁ Put ⦁ Janika Sillamaa ⦁ Andrea Szulák ⦁ Dida Drăgan ⦁ 1X Band ⦁ Elán|
Songs (in order of appearance)
|Final||“Sole d’Europa” ⦁ “Esmer Yarim” ⦁ “Viel zu weit” ⦁ “Moi, tout simplement” ⦁”Under stjernerne på himlen” ⦁ “Ellada, hora tou fotos” (Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός) ⦁ “Iemand als jij” ⦁ “This Time” • “Þá veistu svarið” • “Maria Magdalena” • “Mama Corsica” • “Eloise” • “In Your Eyes” (winner) ⦁ “Tih deževen dan” ⦁ “Tule luo” ⦁ “Sva bol svijeta” • “Better the Devil You Know”• “Don’t Ever Cry” • “Hombres” • “Mi stamatas” (Μη σταματάς) • “Shiru” (שירו) • “Alle mine tankar“|
|Qualification||“Sva bol svijeta” ⦁ “Don’t Ever Cry” ⦁ “Muretut meelt ja südametuld” ⦁ “Árva reggel” ⦁ “Nu pleca” ⦁ “Tih deževen dan” ⦁ “Amnestia na neveru“|
|Non-participating entries: Estonia: Janika Sillamaa – “Muretut meelt ja südametuld” ⦁ Hungary: Andrea Szulák – “Árva reggel” ⦁ Romania: Dida Drăgan – “Nu pleca” ⦁ Slovakia: Elán – “Amnestia na neveru“|