Special events and related competitions

Special shows. Several anniversary events, and related contests under the “Eurovision Live Events” brand, have been organised by the EBU with its member broadcasters. In addition, participating broadcasters have occasionally commissioned special Eurovision programmes for their home audiences, and a number of other imitator contests have been developed outside of the EBU framework, on both a national and international level.

The EBU has held several events to mark selected anniversaries in the contest’s history: Songs of Europe, held in 1981 to celebrate its twenty-fifth anniversary, had live performances and video recordings of all Eurovision Song Contest winners up to 1981; Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was organised in 2005 to celebrate the event’s fiftieth anniversary, and featured a contest to determine the most popular song from among 14 selected entries from the contest’s first 50 years; and in 2015 the event’s sixtieth anniversary was marked by Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits, a concert of performances by past Eurovision artists and video montages of performances and footage from previous contests. Following the cancellation of the 2020 contest, the EBU subsequently organised a special non-competitive broadcast, Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light, which provided a showcase for the songs that would have taken part in the competition.

Other contests organised by the EBU include Eurovision Young Musicians, a classical music competition for European musicians between the ages of 12 and 21; Eurovision Young Dancers, a dance competition for non-professional performers between the ages of 16 and 21; Eurovision Choir, a choral competition for non-professional European choirs produced in partnership with the Interkultur and modelled after the World Choir Games; and the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, a similar song contest for singers aged between 9 and 14 representing primarily European countries. The Eurovision Dance Contest was an event featuring pairs of dancers performing ballroom and Latin dancing, which took place for two editions, in 2007 and 2008.

Similar international music competitions have been organised externally to the EBU. The Sopot International Song Festival has been held annually since 1961; between 1977 and 1980, under the patronage of the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an Eastern European broadcasting network similar to the EBU, it was rebranded as the Intervision Song Contest. An Ibero-American contest, the OTI Festival, was previously held among hispanophone and lusophone countries in Europe, North America and South America; and a contest for countries and autonomous regions with Turkic links, the Turkvision Song Contest, has been organised since 2013. Similarly, an adaption of the contest for artists in the United States, the American Song Contest, was held in 2022 and featured songs representing U.S. states and territories. Adaptions of the contest for artists in Canada and Latin America are in development, though development on the former has been halted.


  • Eurovision Song Contest Previews
  • Songs of Europe (1981)
  • Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (1993)
  • Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest (2005)
  • Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits (2015)
  • EurovisionAgain (2020–2021)
  • Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light (2020)


  • Die Grand Prix Hitliste (2006)
  • Het Grote Songfestivalfeest (2019, 2022–)
  • Der kleine Song Contest (2020)
  • Eurovision 2020 – das deutsche Finale (2020)
  • Eurovision: Come Together (2020)
  • Sveriges 12:a (2020)

• Eurovision Song Contest Previews. The Eurovision Song Contest Previews are annually broadcast TV shows showcasing the entries into the forthcoming Eurovision Song Contest. They were inaugurated in 1971 for the contest in Dublin, Ireland, and have been provided by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to all participating countries ever since.

For a period, the BBC were responsible for ‘collecting’ the preview videos and distributing them to the various participating countries. This has been carried out by the contest’s host nation more recently. Between 2004 and 2007, the Nordic broadcasters (Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland) co-produced preview shows for broadcast across their region.

Background. All participants in the Eurovision Song Contest are required to submit a video of their entry to the EBU via the host broadcaster, to be distributed across the Eurovision network. From 1971 until the early 1990s, it was compulsory for all participants to broadcast the videos. Since the mid-1990s it has become optional. Broadcasters either submit a performance of the given song – usually taken from their local national final – or a music video of the entry, specifically filmed for the purpose. In 1971, the Belgian preview video featured singers Nicole & Hugo who were forced to withdraw days before the Eurovision final due to illness, being replaced by Jacques Raymond and Lily Castel.

Occasionally countries rely on funding from their government tourism budget to produce the video, leading to highly commercial offerings highlighting the given country’s natural beauty. Often songs would vary from the version that would be heard in the contest itself; either through a change in language or a variance between the length of the recorded version and the permitted live version, or through a variance in orchestration and arrangement.

Rules. Early rules stated that the videos could not be broadcast in any less than two shows, with no more than half the songs in any show and the songs had to be broadcast in full. Later amendments allowed the videos to be broadcast incomplete, but that meant the videos still had to have a uniform length of duration. Generally speaking, the countries broadcast the shows in two parts, the entries divided as evenly as practicable between the two shows. It was also stated in the rule book that the name of the broadcasting TV station for each country be carried on screen to introduce the songs, but many broadcasters ignored this. Some broadcasters would credit the contributing TV station verbally rather than on screen.


1974. In 1974, a two-night preview programme, Auftakt für Brighton (Prelude for Brighton), was coordinated by the German national broadcaster ARD. It was broadcast at the end of March and hosted by the journalist Karin Tietze-Ludwig. It was the first “preview”-type programme to be broadcast in many European countries simultaneously (rather than each national broadcaster showing their own preview programme). The programme was also notable in being the European television debut for the winners, ABBA, who were peculiarly credited in previews as “The Abba”. It was first aired on German television Hessischer Rundfunk on 27–28 March and in Finland on 30 March as Eurovision laulukilpailu. The UK did not broadcast the programmes, instead airing their own preview shows introduced by David Vine on BBC1 on 24 and 31 March, unusually dividing the entries into six songs for the first show and twelve for the second, contrary to the stated rules. In the same year, the French entry was broadcast by all the nations showing the previews, even though the song was withdrawn from the Eurovision final itself.

1977. In 1977, the previews were broadcast across Europe ahead of the original scheduled broadcast date of 2 April for the Eurovision final. When the contest was postponed to 7 May, this left a long gap between the preview shows airing and the final.

1982. For the Eurovision Song Contest 1982 Grand Final, several clips from the preview videos were incorporated into the short ‘postcards’ used to introduce each nation’s entry as part of a video montage. It was the first time the previews were represented in the contest. Only clips from the previews that were not of the performer in a national final or performing the song in studio were used, limiting the usage to half of the 18 contenders. Those that were included: Portugal, Turkey, Switzerland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Cyprus, Finland, Yugoslavia and Spain. Since 1982, only in 2000 were any clips from the previews utilized again, as clips from the Turkish preview were used as a partial background video for the live performance of the Turkish entry.

1990. For the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 Grand Final, at the end of the video postcard introducing each song, the animated EuroCat (that year’s contest mascot) appeared on screen to click a cartoon camera; the resulting photograph being a still of the artist captured from their respective preview video, but represented in monochrome rather than colour.

Modern day. From approximately 2000, the videos have been available online via the Eurovision website and most broadcasters upload them to their own, local Eurovision site.

San Marino broadcaster SMtv televised the previews for the first time in 2012, showing the videos in multiple programmes in the run up to the contest on a rotating basis, hosted by John Kennedy O’Connor. SMtv continued with the previews each year since, under various formats, until O’Connor retired in 2019. In 2014 O’Connor presented each entry on location in San Marino and in 2015 each entry was linked by video to the participating country. The 2016, 2017 & 2018 previews were presented in a studio setting. SM Rtv revived the previews in 2022, hosted by commentator Lia Fiorio, under the title “Countdown to Eurovision”, returning for a second series in 2023.

UK broadcasts. In the United Kingdom, the BBC broadcast the programmes in two parts, every year from 1971 to 1994 on BBC1 and then again between 2002 and 2004 on BBC Choice, later BBC Three, in multiple shows over one week. The preview shows have been hosted by a variety of presenters over the years; including Cliff Richard, Terry Wogan, Gloria Hunniford, Ken Bruce and Lorraine Kelly.

Eurovision Song Contest Previews
Also known as A Song for Europe (1972), Tips For Le Top (1994), Liquid Eurovision (2002–03), Eurovision on Location (2004)
Genre Preview show
Created by EBU
Presented by Cliff Richard (1971–72), Terry Wogan (1973, 1975, 1977–84, 1994), David Vine (1974), Michael Aspel (1976), Dave Lee Travis (1985), David Hamilton (1986), Ray Moore (1987), Gloria Hunniford (1988, 1992–93), Ken Bruce (1989–91), Lorraine Kelly (2002–04), Paddy O’Connell (2004)
Starring Peter Snow (1994)
Country of origin United Kingdom
Running time 30–45 minutes
Original network BBC1 (1971–1994), BBC Choice (2002), BBC Three (2003–04)
Original release 21 March 1971 – 14 May 2004
Eurovision Song Contest

In the United Kingdom, the BBC broadcast the programmes in two parts, every year from 1971 to 1994 on BBC1 and then again between 2002 and 2004 on BBC Choice, later BBC Three, in multiple shows over one week. The preview shows have been hosted by a variety of presenters over the years; including Cliff Richard, Terry Wogan, Gloria Hunniford, Ken Bruce and Lorraine Kelly.

Format. Generally, but by no means always, the songs were broadcast in the order they would appear in the contest, with the UK entry saved until the end. For 1979 to 1982, the songs were shown in a random order, despite host Terry Wogan insisting in 1979 that the songs were being shown in competition order during the broadcasts. In 1982, the UK entry was scheduled to be broadcast at the end of the second programme, but was also included in the first programme in the absence of the Greek entry that was withdrawn while the shows were in production. In 1983, the UK preview video consisted of the group Sweet Dreams in speed boats off the coast of Dover, Southern England, with the engine noise of the vessels included in the soundtrack, partially obscuring the song itself.

From 1971 to 1994, the shows were broadcast on Sunday afternoons with just two exceptions. In 1972, the shows were given a prime-time airing as part of the BBC1 Monday evening schedule at 7:30PM and in 1973, the shows were instead broadcast on Saturday afternoons. The revived shows from 2002 to 2004 were shown in the evening schedule firstly on BBC Choice (2002) and subsequently on BBC Three and broadcast from a London studio. In 2004, the previews were featured as part of two Eurovision on Location shows broadcast from the host city that year, Istanbul.

From 1976 to 1985, the BBC provided a specifically filmed ‘video’ of the artist on location in the UK. In all other years, they have simply provided the performance from the national final, although often the artist’s record company will also send their own commercially released video for use by the broadcasters, but these were never shown in the UK broadcasts. From 1984, the BBC included the contributing broadcasters acronym on screen for each entry.

The 1994 preview show, which would be the last for eight years, was renamed Tips For Le Top and included analysis by “swingometer” expert Peter Snow who gave out the odds on victory for each act with only two minutes of each song broadcast. It also featured a special Eurovision-themed edition of quiz show Mastermind with four fan contestants. The competition was won by David Bridgman representing United Kingdom with Wogan acting as quizmaster. The other contestants were Johnny O’Mahony (Ireland), Marc Dierckx (Belgium) and Henry Klok (Netherlands). Prizes were presented by four-time Eurovision hostess, Katie Boyle. This was the only previews show broadcast by the BBC where the songs were shown in the exact same running order as the contest.

By year. The UK broadcast details are as follows, with the countries listed in the order they were shown:


Year Host Broadcast Songs
1971 Cliff Richard 21, 28 March Part 1: Austria, Malta, Monaco, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, Belgium.
Part 2: Italy, Sweden, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Finland, Norway, United Kingdom.
1972 Cliff Richard 13, 20 March Part 1: Germany, France, Ireland, Spain, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, Malta, United Kingdom.
Part 2: Finland, Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia, Sweden, Monaco, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands.
1973 Terry Wogan 24, 31 March Part 1: Finland, Belgium, Portugal, Germany, Norway, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland, Yugoslavia.
Part 2: Italy, Luxembourg, Sweden, Netherlands, Ireland, France, Israel, United Kingdom.
1974 David Vine 24, 31 March Part 1: Finland, Spain, Norway, Greece, Israel, Yugoslavia.
Part 2: Sweden, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium, Netherlands, Ireland, Germany, France,[a] Switzerland, Portugal, Italy, United Kingdom.
1975 Terry Wogan[b] 9, 16 March Part 1: Netherlands, Ireland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Norway, Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Malta, Belgium.
Part 2: Israel, Turkey, Monaco, Finland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Italy, United Kingdom.
1976 Michael Aspel 21, 28 March Part 1: Switzerland, Germany, Israel, Luxembourg, Belgium, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Greece.
Part 2: Finland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Monaco, France, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.
1977 Terry Wogan 20, 27 March Part 1: Ireland, Monaco, Netherlands, Austria, Norway, Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal, Greece.
Part 2: Israel, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Italy, Finland, Belgium, France, United Kingdom.
1978 Terry Wogan 9, 16 April Part 1: Ireland, Norway, Italy, Finland, Portugal, France, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands.
Part 2: Turkey, Germany, Monaco, Greece, Denmark, Luxembourg, Israel, Austria, Sweden, United Kingdom.
1979 Terry Wogan 18, 25 March Part 1: Portugal, Italy, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Monaco, Greece, Switzerland, Israel.
Part 2: Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Austria, Spain, United Kingdom.


Year Host Broadcast Songs
1980 Terry Wogan 6, 13 April Part 1: Austria, Turkey, Luxembourg, Morocco, Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Portugal, Spain, Netherlands.
Part 2: Germany, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, France, Belgium, United Kingdom.
1981 Terry Wogan 22, 29 March Part 1: Israel, Austria, Turkey, Luxembourg, Finland, Yugoslavia, Spain, Germany, France, Denmark.
Part 2: Ireland, Portugal, Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Belgium, Greece, Cyprus, Sweden, United Kingdom.
1982 Terry Wogan 11, 18 April Part 1: Reprise of United Kingdom 1981, Portugal, Norway, Turkey, Switzerland, Denmark, Austria, Germany, Netherlands, Ireland, United Kingdom.
Part 2: Medley Reprise: (Sweden 1974, Ireland 1980 & Israel 1979), Israel, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Finland, Sweden, Yugoslavia, Spain, Belgium, United Kingdom.
1983 Terry Wogan 10, 17 April Part 1: France, Norway, Sweden, Italy, Turkey, Spain, Switzerland, Finland, Greece, Netherlands.
Part 2: Yugoslavia, Cyprus, Germany, Denmark, Israel, Portugal, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, United Kingdom.
1984 Terry Wogan 22, 29 April Part 1: Sweden, Luxembourg, France, Spain, Norway, Cyprus, Belgium, Ireland, Denmark, Netherlands.
Part 2: Yugoslavia, Austria, Germany, Turkey, Finland, Switzerland, Italy, Portugal, United Kingdom.
1985 Dave Lee Travis 21, 28 April. Part 1: Ireland, Finland, Cyprus, Denmark, Spain, France, Turkey, Belgium, Portugal, Germany.
Part 2: Israel, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, Luxembourg, Greece, United Kingdom.
1986 David Hamilton 20, 27 April Part 1: Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, France, Norway, Iceland, Netherlands, Turkey, Spain, Switzerland, Israel.
Part 2: Ireland, Belgium, Germany, Cyprus, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Portugal, United Kingdom.
1987 Ray Moore 26 April & 3 May Part 1: Norway, Israel, Austria, Iceland, Belgium, Sweden, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Greece.
Part 2: Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Cyprus, Finland, Denmark, Ireland, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
1988 Gloria Hunniford 18, 25 April Part 1: Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Turkey, Spain, Netherlands, Israel, Switzerland, Ireland, Germany.
Part 2: Austria, Denmark, Greece, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, France, Portugal, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.
1989 Ken Bruce[c] 23, 30 April Part 1: Italy, Israel, Ireland, Netherlands, Turkey, Belgium, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Luxembourg, Denmark.
Part 2: Austria, Finland, France, Spain, Cyprus, Switzerland, Greece, Iceland, Germany, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.


Year Host Broadcast Songs and guests
1990 Ken Bruce 22, 29 April Part 1: Spain, Greece, Belgium, Turkey, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Iceland, Norway, Israel, Denmark, Switzerland.
Part 2: Germany, France, Yugoslavia, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden, Italy, Austria, Cyprus, Finland, United Kingdom.
1991 Ken Bruce 21, 28 April Part 1: Yugoslavia, Iceland, Malta, Greece, Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, Sweden, France, Turkey, Ireland.
Part 2: Portugal, Denmark, Norway, Israel, Finland, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Cyprus, Italy, United Kingdom.
1992 Gloria Hunniford 26 April & 3 May Part 1: Spain, Belgium, Israel, Turkey, Greece, France, Sweden, Portugal, Cyprus, Malta, Iceland.
Part 2: Finland, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Austria, Ireland, Denmark, Italy, Yugoslavia,[d] Norway, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom.
1993 Gloria Hunniford 2, 9 May Part 1: Italy, Turkey, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Greece, Belgium, Malta, Iceland, Austria, Portugal, France.
Part 2: Sweden, Ireland, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Finland, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Netherlands, Croatia, Spain, Cyprus, Israel, Norway, United Kingdom.
1994 Terry Wogan
Peter Snow
17, 24 April Part 1: Guest Johnny Logan. Sweden, Finland, Ireland, Cyprus, Iceland, United Kingdom, Croatia, Portugal, Switzerland, Estonia, Romania, Malta.
Part 2: Guest Jahn Teigen. Netherlands, Germany, Slovakia, Lithuania, Norway, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Austria, Spain, Hungary, Russia, Poland, France.

2000s. The preview shows returned in 2002 as Liquid Eurovision, a spin-off from Liquid News and were renamed Eurovision on Location in 2004 following the cancellation of Liquid News a month before the contest that year. Only brief snippets of the songs were broadcast, the emphasis of the programmes being on the reactions from the guests.

Year Host Broadcast Songs and guests
2002 Lorraine Kelly
Max Flint (in Tallinn)
21, 22, 23, 24 May (BBC Choice) Guests included Marko Matvere, Jenny Eclair, Jay Aston and Nicki French.
2003 Lorraine Kelly
Tim Muffett (in Riga)
19, 20, 21, 22, 23 May (BBC Three) Part 1: Guests Kerry McFadden and Mark Frith assessing this year’s entries from Iceland, Austria, Ireland, Turkey and Malta.
Part 2: Guests June Sarpong and Simon Grant weighing up this year’s Eurovision contribution from favourites Russia.
Part 3: The entries from Spain, Israel, Ukraine, the UK and the Netherlands with former Eurovision divas Jessica Garlick and Gina G.
Part 4: Claudia Winkleman and Slovenian group Sestre preview more entries.
Part 5: The last of five shows previews contributions from Belgium, Estonia, Romania, Sweden and Slovenia, and offers a behind the-scenes look at UK entrants Jemini’s last-minute preparations in Riga. With former contest winner Linda Martin.
2004 Paddy O’Connell
Lorraine Kelly
13, 14 May (BBC Three) Part 1: The latest Eurovision news. On location in Istanbul, a look at some of this year’s entries joined by the UK’s representative James Fox and ex-Westlife member Brian McFadden
Part 2: A look at some of this year’s entries, plus tips on how to throw a Turkish-themed Eurovision party, and chat with guests Louis Walsh and Alistair Griffin.


  1. [a]^ Ultimately withdrew from the contest due to the death of president Georges Pompidou.
  2. [b]^ Pete Murray was scheduled to host the 1975 programmes, but was replaced by Wogan for the broadcasts.
  3. [c]^ Gloria Hunniford was scheduled to host the 1989 programmes, but after being involved in an accident, she was replaced by Ken Bruce.
  4. [d]^ The flag of the dissolved Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was still used in the broadcast, despite being replaced with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and a new flag without a red star on 27 April.

• Songs of Europe (1981). 

Songs of Europe
Final 22 August 1981
Venue Momarken, Mysen, Norway
Presenter(s) Rolf Kirkvaag
Titten Tei
Musical director Sigurd Jansen
Directed by Johnny Bergh
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Host broadcaster EBU, NRK
Number of entries 21 songs from 1956 to 1981

Songs of Europe (1981 concert). Songs of Europe is a concert television programme commemorating the Eurovision Song Contest’s twenty-fifth anniversary. The event was held in Mysen, Norway in 1981, featuring all but eight of the winners of the Eurovision Song Contest from its first edition in 1956 to 1981, and broadcast to more than 100 million viewers all over Europe.

The concert, which was the largest ever in Norway at the time, and still the largest in Mysen, was hosted by Norwegian television personalities Rolf Kirkvaag and children’s television character Titten Tei, who led the two-hour live broadcast in English, German, French, Norwegian and Spanish. The majority of entries were conducted by Sigurd Jansen, although the song “Hallelujah” was conducted, as it was in 1979, by composer Kobi Oshrat.[1] “Nous les amoureux” was conducted by Raymond Bernard, “La, la, la” by Manuel Gas, and “Boom Bang-a-Bang” by Kenny Clayton.

Background. The concert was an annual fund raiser for the International Red Cross, with previous headline acts including Julie Andrews, Charles Aznavour and in 1975, Eurovision winners ABBA.

The theme of the Eurovision winning songs was chosen for the 1981 edition, with a double-album containing all 29 winning tracks released by the Red Cross imprinted on their own label to raise additional funding, entitled Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses.

It is the biggest concert arranged to feature such an amount of Eurovision Song Contest artists and more specifically winners performing at once, with 21 out of a total 29 winners (four winners in the 1969 Contest) attending to perform their past winning songs; that is with the Eurovision Song Contest’s fiftieth anniversary, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, featuring most of the artists as guests and not as performers, and the Contest’s sixtieth anniversary, Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits, featuring fifteen artists acts.

The show. Heavy rain delayed the start of the concert and interrupted some of the early performances. The songs were performed on the stage or shown in videos, in accordance to the chronological order of the Eurovision Song Contest’s winners from the first edition in 1956 up to and including the 1981 edition; although 1981 was the 26th edition, it was held a few months prior to the concert and thus included in it.

Some snippets of earlier ESC performances intermingled into the show. 21 acts performed their winning songs live (although Dana lip-synched her winning song, as she was recovering from throat surgery), including three out of the four winners of the 1969 Contest. The remaining eight winners, marked in light red, were shown in video footage of their performances in their respective editions of the Eurovision Song Contest, where available. Others were shown in still photographs or in clips taken from other broadcasts where no clip from the contest was known to exist. Abba’s performance of Waterloo was taken from the televised Red Cross concert the group had performed in Mysen in 1975. Waterloo was the only one of the absentee winning songs performed in its entirety.

Massiel performed a new, extended arrangement of her 1968 winning song, losing her timing and was briefly out of synch with the live orchestra. Martin Lee of Brotherhood of Man fumbled the lyrics of the 1976 winning song, repeating the first verse twice. Despite the rain and the wet stage, Sandie Shaw performed bare foot much to the appreciation of the audience.

The show ended with all of the performers and guest Teddy Scholten appearing on stage for a curtain call and photographs.

Year Country Artist Song Language
1956  Switzerland Lys Assia “Refrain” French
1957  Netherlands Corry Brokken “Net als toen” Dutch
1958  France André Claveau “Dors, mon amour” French
1959  Netherlands Teddy Scholten[a] “Een beetje” Dutch
1960  France Jacqueline Boyer “Tom Pillibi” French
1961  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Pascal “Nous les amoureux” French
1962  France Isabelle Aubret “Un premier amour” French
1963  Denmark Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann “Dansevise” Danish
1964  Italy Gigliola Cinquetti “Non ho l’età” Italian
1965  Luxembourg France Gall “Poupée de cire, poupée de son” French
1966  Austria Udo Jürgens “Merci, Chérie” German[b]
1967  United Kingdom Sandie Shaw “Puppet on a String” English
1968  Spain Massiel “La, la, la” Spanish
1969  Spain Salomé “Vivo cantando” Spanish
1969  United Kingdom Lulu “Boom Bang-a-Bang” English
1969  Netherlands Lenny Kuhr “De troubadour” Dutch
1969  France Frida Boccara “Un jour, un enfant” French
1970  Ireland Dana “All Kinds of Everything” English
1971  Monaco Séverine “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” French
1972  Luxembourg Vicky Leandros “Après toi” French
1973  Luxembourg Anne-Marie David “Tu te reconnaîtras” French
1974  Sweden ABBA “Waterloo” English
1975  Netherlands Teach-In[c] “Ding-a-dong” English
1976  United Kingdom Brotherhood of Man “Save Your Kisses for Me” English
1977  France Marie Myriam “L’Oiseau et l’Enfant” French
1978  Israel Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta[d] “A-Ba-Ni-Bi” (א-ב-ני-בי) Hebrew
1979  Israel Milk and Honey[e] “Hallelujah” (הללויה) Hebrew
1980  Ireland Johnny Logan “What’s Another Year?” English
1981  United Kingdom Bucks Fizz “Making Your Mind Up” English

International broadcasting. In the United Kingdom, a highlights programme was broadcast by BBC Two on 25 September 1981 and introduced by Terry Wogan. BBC Radio 2 transmitted the concert on 26 December 1981, introduced by Len Jackson.

Commentators. The following countries, listed in order of broadcasting dates, had confirmed that they would broadcast the anniversary show.

Date of broadcast Country[7] Channel Station Commentators
22 August 1981  Denmark DR DR TV TBC
 France TF1 No commentator
 Ireland RTÉ RTÉ
 Mexico Las Estrellas
 Norway NRK NRK Fjernsynet Knut Aunbu
25 September 1981  United Kingdom BBC BBC Two Terry Wogan
26 December 1981 BBC Radio 2 Len Jackson
Unknown  Austria ORF FS2 No commentator
 Belgium BRT BRT1
 Cyprus CyBC RIK 1
 Egypt ERTU Channel 1
 El Salvador TCS Canal 2
 Finland Yle Yle TV1
 Germany ARD Das Erste TBC
 Jordan JRTV JTV 2 No commentator
 Greece ERT ERT
 Iceland RÚV RÚV Sjónvarpið
 Netherlands NPO NPO 1
 Peru ATV
 Portugal RTP RTP1
 Dominican Republic CERTV RTD
 Spain RTVE La 1
 Sweden SVT TV2 Arne Weise
 Venezuela VTV No commentator

Non-broadcasting countries. The following countries originally intended to broadcast the event, but withdrew for unknown reasons

Country Station Channel
 Hong Kong RTHK
 Israel IBA Channel 1

The following list of countries, which participated in the Eurovision Song Contest at least once, also did not broadcast the show:

  •  Italy
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Malta
  •  Monaco
  •  Morocco
  •  Switzerland
  •  Turkey
  •  Yugoslavia

Official album. 

Eurovision Gala

Compilation album by Eurovision Song Contest

Released August 1981
Genre Various
  • Polydor
  • Red Cross
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Gala
The Very Best Of The Eurovision Song Contest

Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses (also known as 25 Years Eurovision Song Contest Winners 1956-1981) is a compilation album with the first 29 winners of the Eurovision Song Contest.[3] The album was released in the summer of 1981 in connection with the competition’s 25th anniversary show. The first final took place in 1956, and it was thus 25 years since the competition started. However, the final in 1981 was the 26th in a row, and in 1969 there were four winners, so the total number of winners was 29 at this time.

The album cover featured the flags of the 13 nations that had won the contest to date, plus colour photographs of 10 of the winning artists: Jacqueline Boyer, Jean-Claude Pascal, Udo Jürgens, Sandie Shaw, Séverine, Vicky Leandros, ABBA, Milk and Honey with Gali Atari, Johnny Logan and Bucks Fizz, despite Leandros, ABBA and Atari not participating in the live concert. Inside the gatefold sleeve, monochrome photographs of all the winners were printed, with full details of the winning song (date, host city, author, composer, conductor, singer).For the album release, a newly recorded version with a new arrangement of the 1966 winner by Udo Jürgens was included rather than the original version that won the contest. Additionally, the English versions of both the Israeli winners of 1978 and 1979 were used rather than the original Hebrew recordings.

Track listing.

LP 1.

Side A

  1. Lys Assia with “Refrain” (Switzerland 1956) – 3:16
  2. Corry Brokken with “Net als toen” (The Netherlands 1957) – 3:23
  3. André Claveau with “Dors, mon amour” (France 1958) – 3:14
  4. Teddy Scholten with “Een beetje” (The Netherlands 1959) – 3:00
  5. Jacqueline Boyer with “Tom Pillibi” – (France 1960) – 3:04
  6. Jean-Claude Pascal with “Nous les amoureux” (Luxembourg 1961) – 3:06
  7. Isabelle Aubret with “Un premier amour” (France 1962) – 2:33

Side B

  1. Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann with “Dansevise” (Denmark 1963) – 2:55
  2. Gigliola Cinquetti with “Non ho l’età” (Italy 1964) – 3:14
  3. France Gall with “Poupée de cire, poupée de son” (Luxembourg 1965) – 2:30
  4. Udo Jürgens with “Merci, Chérie” (Austria 1966) – 2:42
  5. Sandie Shaw with “Puppet on a String” (UK 1967) – 2:20
  6. Massiel with “La, la, la” (Spain 1968) – 2:31
  7. Salomé with “Vivo cantando” (Spain 1969) – 2:08 

LP 2.

Side A
  1. Lulu with “Boom Bang-a-Bang” (UK 1969) – 2:21
  2. Lenny Kuhr with “De Troubadour” (The Netherlands 1969) – 3:36
  3. Frida Boccara with “Un jour, un enfant” (France 1969) – 2:42
  4. Dana with “All Kinds of Everything” (Ireland 1970) – 3:00
  5. Séverine with “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” (Monaco 1971) – 3:01
  6. Vicky Leandros with “Après toi” (Luxembourg 1972) – 3:31
  7. Anne-Marie David with “Tu te reconnaîtras” (Luxembourg 1973) – 2:38
Side B
  1. ABBA with “Waterloo” (Sweden 1974) – 2:45
  2. Teach-In with “Ding-a-dong” (Netherlands 1975) – 2:24
  3. Brotherhood of Man with “Save Your Kisses for Me” (UK 1976) – 3:05
  4. Marie Myriam with “L’oiseau et l’enfant” (France 1977) – 2:41
  5. Izhar Cohen and Alphabeta with “A-ba-ni-bi” (Israel 1978) – 2:56
  6. Milk and Honey with “Hallelujah” (Israel 1979) – 3:27
  7. Johnny Logan with “What’s Another Year” (Ireland 1980) – 3:09
  8. Bucks Fizz with “Making Your Mind Up” (UK 1981) – 2:39

Release. The album was put together and released by Polydor, on behalf of the Red Cross. It was released all over Europe on double LP and cassette with various titles:

Scandinavia, Israel, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK and Yugoslavia: Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses

France and French-speaking countries and territories: Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson: 29 winners – 9 successes

Germany and German-speaking countries and territories: Eurovision Gala: 29 Sieger – 29 Welterfolge


  • a^ Attended the show as a guest in the audience.
  • b^ The song also contains phrases in French.
  • c^ The line up of Teach-in was different from the winning 1975 group, although still led by lead singer Getty Kaspers.
  • d^ The Alphabeta appeared as a quartet, with two boys and two girls; a different line up from the quintet who had won in 1978.
  • e^ Gali Atari who sang the lead vocal with Milk and Honey when they won Eurovision, was replaced by Leah Lupatin.

• Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (1993)

Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
Final 3 April 1993
Venue TV SLO Studio 1, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Presenter(s) Tajda Lekše
Musical director

Petar Ugrin, Mojmir Sepe

Directed by Peter Juratovec
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Executive producer Edo Brzin
Host broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO)
Number of entries 7

Participation map

A coloured map of the countries of Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Hungary in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993#At Kvalifikacija za Millstreet

Participating countries

Voting system One juror from each country awarded 12, 10, 8–5 points to each song
Winning song
  •  Slovenia – Tih deževen dan
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sva bol svijeta
  •  Croatia – “Don’t Ever Cry”

Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (English: Preselection for MillstreetFrenchPrésélection pour Millstreet) was a televised song contest held as a qualifying round for the Eurovision Song Contest 1993. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO), the contest was held on 3 April 1993 in Studio 1 of Televizija Slovenija in LjubljanaSlovenia and presented by Slovenian television presenter Tajda Lekše [sl].

The contest was organised with the purpose of reducing the number of competing countries in the Eurovision Song Contest as a result of increased interest in participation among countries following the fall of communist regimes in Europe and the formation of new countries due to the breakup of Yugoslavia and the dissolution of both Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Three places in the 1993 Eurovision Song Contest, held on 15 May in MillstreetIreland, were provided for countries which had never taken part before, and seven countries ultimately sent entries to be performed and voted on in the televised contest in Slovenia.

One juror from each of the competing countries voted on the competing entries, and Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatia and Slovenia were chosen to progress to the contest in Millstreet. A relegation system was introduced to the Eurovision Song Contest, which allowed new countries direct access to the contest in future editions to replace the lowest-scoring countries from the previous year’s event. EstoniaHungaryRomania and Slovakia, the countries which failed to progress through Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, subsequently made their contest debuts in 1994. This continued until the introduction of the semi-final in 2004.


The Eurovision Song Contest is an internationally televised songwriting competition organised annually by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and featuring participants representing primarily European countries. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed by a chosen artist, with competing countries then casting votes for the other countries’ songs to determine a winner.[1] Originally held in 1956 with seven competing countries, the contest quickly began to grow as more countries became interested in participating, and by the early 1990s entries from over 20 countries were regularly featured in each year’s event.[2][3][4]

By 1992 an increasing number of countries had begun expressing an interest in participating in the contest for the first time; this increase in interest was the result of many new countries being formed following the breakup of Yugoslavia and dissolution of the Soviet Union and as part of revolutions leading to the fall of communist regimes in Europe and across the world which took place in the late 1980s and early 1990s.[5][6] To accommodate this new interest the EBU expanded the maximum number of participating countries for the 1993 contest to twenty-five, with entries from three new countries being joined by twenty-two of the twenty-three countries which had participated in the 1992 event, with Yugoslavia unable to participate after its EBU member broadcaster Jugoslovenska radiotelevizija (JRT) was disbanded in 1992 and its successor organisations Radio-televizija Srbije (RTS) and Radio-televizija Crne Gore (RTCG) were barred from joining the union due to sanctions placed against the country as part of the Yugoslav Wars.[4][7][8]

In order to determine which countries would progress to the contest proper, a preselection round was held for the first time in the contest’s history, with the top three countries in this round progressing to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993 held in MillstreetIreland. This contest, Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, took place in LjubljanaSlovenia and was produced by the Slovenian public broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO).[5][6][7] Originally planned to be held in Portorož, the event was ultimately held in Studio 1 of Televizija Slovenija, with Edo Brzin serving as executive producer, Peter Juratovec serving as director, Jože Spacal serving as designer, and Petar Ugrin [sl] and Mojmir Sepe serving as musical directors and leading the RTVSLO Revue Orchestra [sl].[9][10][11][12][13] A separate musical director could be nominated by each country to conduct the orchestra during their performance.[14]

Participating countries[edit]

Initially broadcasters in as many as fourteen countries registered their interest in competing in the Eurovision Song Contest’s first preselection event, including broadcasters in Belarus, the Czech RepublicLatviaLithuaniaRussia and Ukraine.[11][15][16] By February 1993 however the number of competing countries had dropped to six, comprising planned entries from Bosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaHungaryRomania and Slovenia. Subsequently Bulgaria’s planned entry did not materialise, however Estonia and Slovakia joined the contest, resulting in seven countries competing in total for the three spots available in Millstreet.[6][12]

Participants of Kvalifikacija za Millstreet[14][17][18]
Country Broadcaster Artist Song Language Songwriter(s) Conductor
 Bosnia and Herzegovina RTVBiH Fazla Sva bol svijeta Bosnian Esad Arnautalić
 Croatia HRT Put “Don’t Ever Cry” Croatian, English
Andrej Baša
 Estonia ETV Janika Sillamaa Muretut meelt ja südametuld Estonian
  • Leelo Tungal
  • Andres Valkonen
Peeter Lilje
 Hungary MTV Andrea Szulák Árva reggel Hungarian
  • Emese Hatvani
  • György Jakab
  • László Pásztor
Petar Ugrin
 Romania TVR Dida Drăgan Nu pleca Romanian
George Natsis
 Slovakia STV Elán Amnestia na neveru Slovak
Vladimir Valovič
 Slovenia RTVSLO 1X Band Tih deževen dan Slovene
  • Tomaž Kosec
  • Cole Moretti
Petar Ugrin

Contest overview[edit]

Janika Sillamaa represented Estonia in the contest.

Kvalifikacija za Millstreet took place on 3 April 1993 and was presented by Tajda Lekše [sl].[17]

The three countries which received the most votes once all countries had voted, and thus progressed to the Eurovision Song Contest 1993, were Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.[5][7][17] As former constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, all three countries had previously been represented in the Eurovision Song Contest through entries sent by Yugoslavia.[19] Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, which failed to progress through Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, made their contest debuts the following year, following the introduction of a relegation system for the 1994 contest which resulted in the seven lowest-scoring countries from the 1993 contest losing the right to participate in the following year’s event to make room for new countries.[5][20]

Results of Kvalifikacija za Millstreet[17][21]
R/O Country Artist Song Points Place
1  Bosnia and Herzegovina Fazla Sva bol svijeta 52 2
2  Croatia Put “Don’t Ever Cry” 51 3
3  Estonia Janika Sillamaa Muretut meelt ja südametuld 47 5
4  Hungary Andrea Szulák Árva reggel 44 6
5  Romania Dida Drăgan Nu pleca 38 7
6  Slovenia 1X Band Tih deževen dan 54 1
7  Slovakia Elán Amnestia na neveru 50 4

Detailed voting results[edit]

Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac [bs], the Bosnia and Herzegovina juror, previously represented Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1976 as a member of the group Ambasadori.[17][22]

Jury voting was used to determine the points awarded by all countries. As telephone communications could not be relied upon to reach juries based in the competing countries, one juror from each country was sent to Slovenia in order to provide votes for their respective country. These jurors was based in the studio and announced their votes live and on camera during the voting segment. Each juror awarded twelve points to their favourite entry, followed by ten points to their second favourite, and then awarded points in decreasing value from eight to five for the remaining songs, excluding the entry from their own country.[13][17] The respective jurors from each country and the detailed breakdown of the points awarded is listed in the tables below.[10][17]

Detailed voting results of Kvalifikacija za Millstreet[17]
Total score
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina 52 5 8 10 10 7 12
Croatia 51 10 6 12 7 8 8
Estonia 47 6 8 8 6 12 7
Hungary 44 7 6 12 8 6 5
Romania 38 5 12 5 5 5 6
Slovenia 54 8 7 10 7 12 10
Slovakia 50 12 10 7 6 5 10


The contest was broadcast via the EBU’s Eurovision network, with EBU member broadcasters able to relay the contest via their broadcast channels. Broadcasters were able to send commentators to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language and to relay information about the artists and songs to their television viewers.[23] The broadcast was taken by all competing countries, as well as by broadcasters in CyprusDenmarkPortugal and Spain.[6] Known details on the broadcasts in each country, including the specific broadcasting stations and commentators are shown in the tables below.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina RTVBiH Unknown Unknown [6]
 Croatia HRT HRT 1 Aleksandar Kostadinov [13][24]
 Estonia ETV Olavi Pihlamägi [et] [13][25]
 Hungary MTV MTV1 István Vágó [13][26]
 Romania TVR TVR 1 Unknown [27]
 Slovakia STV STV2 Unknown [26]
 Slovenia RTVSLO SLO 1 [sl] Gregor Krajc [13][28]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Denmark DR[a] DR TV Unknown [29]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ Delayed broadcast on 8 May 1993[29]

• Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest (2005)

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
Final 22 October 2005
Venue ForumCopenhagenDenmark
Musical director Michael Bojesen
Directed by Lars Hammer
Executive supervisor
Executive producer Jan Frifelt
Host broadcaster EBUDR

  • A coloured map of the countries of Europe

    Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest France in the Eurovision Song Contest United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest Latvia in the Eurovision Song Contest Lithuania in the Eurovision Song Contest Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest Hungary in the Eurovision Song Contest Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest Montenegro in the Eurovision Song Contest Serbia in the Eurovision Song Contest Albania in the Eurovision Song Contest Macedonia in the Eurovision Song Contest Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest Bulgaria in the Eurovision Song Contest Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest Moldova in the Eurovision Song Contest Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest Belarus in the Eurovision Song Contest Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest Cyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest Armenia in the Eurovision Song Contest Australia in the Eurovision Song Contest Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest Morocco in the Eurovision Song Contest Andorra in the Eurovision Song Contest Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest

    Countries that broadcast the show live and were allowed to vote     Countries that broadcast the show delayed and thus were not allowed to vote     Countries that participated at Eurovision in the past but did not broadcast or vote     Countries that hadn’t participated at Eurovision in the past but broadcast the show delayed

Voting system Televoting and juries; each country awarded 1–8, 10, and 12 points to their ten favourite songs. In the second round, each country distributes 6 points and above to the best five songs from the first round.
Winning song Waterloo” by ABBA

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was a television programme organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to commemorate the Eurovision Song Contest‘s fiftieth anniversary and to determine the contest’s most popular entrant of its fifty years. Hosted by Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers, the event took place at Forum, in Copenhagen on 22 October 2005. The host was Danish broadcaster DR. Fourteen songs from the contest’s first half-century, chosen through an internet poll and by a jury, contested the event.[1]

Thirty-one EBU-member countries broadcast the concert (although notably FranceItaly and the United Kingdom did not) and televoting and juries in these countries decided the winner.[2] A total of 2.5 million votes were cast during the live broadcast.[3] The event was won by Swedish group ABBA, who did not attend, with the song “Waterloo“; the band had originally won the Contest for Sweden in 1974.[4]

To coincide with the event, the EBU released two double album CDs featuring Eurovision songs from the previous fifty years. Two DVDs with original Eurovision performances of these songs were also released.[5]


In November 2002, Jürgen Meier-Beer from the Reference Group of the EBU announced plans to organize a special jubilee programme in 2005 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest. At the time no host broadcaster was announced, with German broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) and the Dutch broadcasting organization Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) reportedly as potential hosts.[6]

Change of host broadcaster[edit]

In June 2004, the EBU announced that it was to hold a concert to celebrate fifty years of the contest. The event was to be held on 16 October 2005 at the Royal Albert Hall in LondonEngland. The BBC was to be the host broadcaster for the concert.[7] The Royal Albert Hall was reportedly unavailable, so in August 2004 the EBU announced that DR would stage the event instead. Eurovision Song Contest supervisor Svante Stockselius said that Denmark’s previous experience of hosting Eurovision events (the 2001 Contest and the first Junior Eurovision Song Contest in 2003) were influential in the Union’s choice. The event was codenamed Extravaganza.[8]

1998 Eurovision winner Dana International, who appeared at the event, later went to suggest that the reason behind the change of host country was also due to the fact that the BBC wanted to present the show “with humour” as though to poke fun at the Contest, an idea that proved to be less popular with the EBU. The BBC ended up not broadcasting the show from Copenhagen,[9] and went on to broadcast their own 50th anniversary programme, Boom Bang-a-Bang: 50 Years of Eurovision, in May 2006. The programme featured archive footage and highlights of past contests, along with a performance of that year’s UK entry by Daz Sampson and was hosted by Terry Wogan.[10]

Selection of venue and hosts[edit]

Forum Copenhagen, venue for the concert

On 25 October 2004 Copenhagen was confirmed as the host city for the event, which was now scheduled to take place on 22 October 2005.[11] In May 2005 Congratulations was confirmed as the official name of the concert.[12] A month later DR announced that Forum Copenhagen would host the programme.[13] The chosen venue had previously hosted the first edition of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest.[14]

On 9 September 2005, DR announced that Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers would present the concert. Leskanich was the lead singer of Katrina and The Waves, who won the Contest for the United Kingdom in 1997. Kaupers is the lead singer of Latvian group Brainstorm, who represented Latvia on its debut in the Contest in 2000.[15] Tickets for the event went on sale on 22 August 2005 from 10:00 (CET) and sold out in just over one hour.[16] The event was attended by an audience of 6,000.[17]

Participating songs[edit]

Fourteen songs competed in Congratulations.[18] In May 2005, the EBU opened a poll on its website to decide ten songs that would contest the event.[19] Voters chose their two favourite songs from each of five decades: 1956 to 1965, 1966 to 1975, 1976 to 1985, 1986 to 1995 and 1996 to 2005. The remaining four songs would be selected by the EBU’s Reference Group.[1]

On 16 June 2005 the fourteen chosen songs were announced, although no indication was given as to which had been chosen online and which by the Reference Group.[20] Eleven of the fourteen songs were Eurovision winners; only “Nel blu, dipinto di blu”, “Congratulations” and “Eres tú” (which all finished in the top three at the contest) were not. Two countries, the United Kingdom and Ireland, were represented twice on the list. Johnny Logan, who won the contest twice for Ireland as a singer, had both of his songs featured on the list.[12]

First round[edit]

All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the first round. The five songs that are marked in orange qualified to the second and final round.

Draw Year Country Artist Song Language Place Points
01 1968  United Kingdom Cliff Richard Congratulations English 8 105
02 1980  Ireland Johnny Logan What’s Another Year English 12 74
03 1998  Israel Dana International Diva Hebrew 13 39
04 1973  Spain Mocedades Eres tú Spanish 11 90
05 1982  Germany Nicole Ein bißchen Frieden German 7 106
06 1958  Italy Domenico Modugno Nel blu, dipinto di blu Italian 2 200
07 1974  Sweden ABBA Waterloo English 1 331
08 2000  Denmark Olsen Brothers Fly on the Wings of Love English 6 111
09 1965  Luxembourg France Gall Poupée de cire, poupée de son French 14 37
10 2003  Turkey Sertab Erener Everyway That I Can English 9 104
11 1988  Switzerland Celine Dion Ne partez pas sans moi French 10 98
12 1987  Ireland Johnny Logan Hold Me Now English 3 182
13 1976  United Kingdom Brotherhood of Man Save Your Kisses for Me English 5 154
14 2005  Greece Helena Paparizou My Number One English 4 167

Second round[edit]

All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the second round.

Draw Year Country Artist Song Language Place Points
01 1958  Italy Domenico Modugno Nel blu, dipinto di blu Italian 2 267
02 1974  Sweden ABBA Waterloo English 1 329
03 1987  Ireland Johnny Logan Hold Me Now English 3 262
04 1976  United Kingdom Brotherhood of Man Save Your Kisses for Me English 5 230
05 2005  Greece Helena Paparizou My Number One English 4 245


Both juries and televoting were used at Congratulations; both having an equal influence over the vote. In the first round of voting, the number of songs was reduced to five. Each country awarded points from one to eight, then ten and finally twelve for their ten most popular songs. Unlike in the Contest proper, viewers were allowed to vote for songs which had represented their country. The top five songs were then subjected to another round of voting, where only six points and above were awarded. The voting was conducted in private, and the results were not announced until after the show. The song with the most points in the second round was the winner.[21]

The full scoreboard is as follows:[22][23][better source needed]

First round[edit]

Voting results in the first round[22]
Total score
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
“Congratulations” 105 8 10 1 5 8 6 1 2 3 5 5 5 10 3 4 7 2 4 1 1 2 7 5
“What’s Another Year” 74 2 4 6 5 4 1 6 8 3 3 2 3 6 6 4 6 1 4
“Diva” 39 3 1 3 12 2 2 1 6 2 3 4
“Eres tú” 90 10 10 5 3 10 4 10 1 12 6 3 12 1 3
“Ein bißchen Frieden” 106 1 3 2 3 3 4 5 3 8 6 2 7 7 1 4 5 5 7 3 1 3 8 4 4 4 3
“Nel blu, dipinto di blu” 200 6 7 6 7 10 5 8 7 8 7 2 4 6 8 7 6 8 2 6 8 7 10 8 10 8 5 8 10 6
“Waterloo” 331 12 12 12 8 12 10 12 12 12 7 10 10 8 12 12 8 8 12 10 12 12 12 8 12 12 12 10 12 10 8 12
“Fly on the Wings of Love” 111 3 5 1 6 10 6 12 7 10 10 2 7 2 8 3 1 3 4 8 3
“Poupée de cire, poupée de son” 37 8 8 1 2 1 3 7 1 2 1 1 2
“Everyway That I Can” 104 2 10 2 6 8 4 4 3 7 1 1 4 8 5 5 5 2 5 3 7 12
“Ne partez pas sans moi” 98 7 1 3 2 1 5 1 1 1 4 10 3 10 2 1 8 3 4 4 2 12 5 8
“Hold Me Now” 182 4 5 6 8 7 7 7 10 10 2 12 5 4 12 12 5 7 10 2 5 10 10 7 6 6 2 1
“Save Your Kisses for Me” 154 4 6 4 7 4 8 2 3 6 8 6 6 5 6 5 7 10 10 2 8 6 6 6 2 7 10
“My Number One” 167 5 2 7 12 4 12 2 5 12 6 4 3 5 5 4 4 1 3 4 1 12 7 7 5 7 10 5 6 7

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points each country awarded in the first round:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
18 “Waterloo”  Andorra Austria Belgium Croatia Denmark Finland Germany Latvia Lithuania Monaco Norway Poland Portugal Russia Serbia and Montenegro Slovenia Sweden Ukraine
4 “My Number One”  Bosnia and Herzegovina Cyprus Greece Romania
3 “Hold Me Now”  Ireland Macedonia Malta
2 “Eres tú”  Netherlands Spain
1 “Fly on the Wings of Love”  Iceland
“Everyway That I Can”  Turkey
“Ne partez pas sans moi”  Switzerland
“Diva”  Israel

Second round[edit]

Voting results in the second round[22]
Total score
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
“Nel blu, dipinto di blu” 267 10 10 8 10 8 7 6 10 12 8 10 7 7 8 12 8 8 10 6 6 8 8 7 10 7 10 10 7 10 12 7
“Waterloo” 329 12 12 12 8 10 10 12 12 7 7 12 10 10 12 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 7 8 12 10 12 12 12 12 8 12
“Hold Me Now” 262 6 7 10 7 12 8 10 8 8 10 8 12 8 6 6 12 12 7 10 10 6 12 12 6 8 8 6 8 7 6 6
“Save Your Kisses for Me” 230 7 8 6 6 6 6 8 7 6 6 7 6 12 10 8 7 6 8 8 8 10 10 6 8 6 7 8 6 6 7 10
“My Number One” 245 8 6 7 12 7 12 7 6 10 12 6 8 6 7 7 6 7 6 7 7 7 6 10 7 12 6 7 10 8 10 8

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points each country awarded in the second round:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
17 “Waterloo”  Andorra Austria Belgium Denmark Finland Iceland Latvia Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Russia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine
6 “Hold Me Now”  Croatia Ireland Macedonia Malta Portugal Romania
4 “My Number One”  Bosnia and Herzegovina Cyprus Greece Serbia and Montenegro
3 “Nel blu, dipinto di blu”  Germany Lithuania Turkey
1 “Save Your Kisses for Me”  Israel


The show started with the traditional Eurovision “Te Deum” theme followed by a message from Cliff Richard. After a quick montage of all 14 songs, the orchestra began playing “Ding-a-Dong” (Netherlands 1975), with dancers on stage. “A-Ba-Ni-Bi” (Israel 1978), “Le dernier qui a parlé…” (France 1991), and “Dschinghis Khan” (Germany 1979) was also played and accompanied by choreography, which was then followed by “Love Shine a Light” (UK 1997) sung by the co-host, Katrina Leskanich, who came out with flag holders of all the countries that have participated in Eurovision up to that point.

Throughout the telecast, a number of highlights segments were presented which showed montages of various Eurovision performances which were either interesting, notable or unorthodox. There were 6 assortments, which were under the categories described by the hosts as ‘past winners’, ‘political, daring, larger than life’, ‘cute men’, ‘unforgettable interpretation of dance’, ‘girlpower’ and ‘close/narrow second-place finishers’. A number of former Eurovision artists returned to help introduce and present the show, inlcuding Carola HäggkvistMassielDana InternationalBirthe WilkeAnne-Marie DavidSandra KimElisabeth AndreassenHanne KroghOlsen BrothersEmilija KokićMarie MyriamSertab ErenerHelena PaparizouNicole and HugoCheryl Baker and Lys AssiaCliff Richard and Nicole gave pre-recorded messages as they were unable to attend.

During the show, there were many presentations by various guest artists during the voting and tallying period. These consisted of the Finnish shouting choir Mieskuoro HuutajatRiverdance (the 1994 interval act), Ronan Keating (the 1997 co-host), and Johnny Logan, singing his new single “When a Woman Loves a Man”, as well as an appearance by the Belgian duo of 1973, Nicole and Hugo.

There were three medleys, consisting of performances of past Eurovision songs. The first consisted of : Dana International, singing “Parlez-vous Francais” (originally performed by Baccara for Luxembourg in Eurovision Song Contest 1978); Carola Haggkvist, singing “Främling” (1983, 3rd place); Alsou, singing “Solo” (2000, 2nd); Fabrizio Faniello, singing “Another Summer Night” (2001, 9th); Marie Myriam, singing “L’amour est bleu” (originally performed by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1967); Richard Herrey, singing “Let Me Be the One” (originally performed by The Shadows for United Kingdom in 1975); and Thomas Thordarson, singing “Vi maler byen rød” (originally performed by Birthe Kjær for Denmark in 1989).

The second consisted of: Gali Atari, singing “Hallelujah” (1979, winner); Bobbysocks!, singing “La det swinge” (1985, winner); Anne-Marie David, singing “Après toi” (originally sung by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1972, winner); Lys Assia, singing “Refrain” (1956, winner), Sandra Kim singing “Non ho l’età” (originally sung by Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy in 1964, winner) and Bucks Fizz singing “Making Your Mind Up” (1981, winner).

The final medley was sung by Eimear QuinnCharlie McGettiganJakob Sveistrup and Linda Martin, the Eurovision winners of 1996, 1994 and 1992, and (in Sveistrup’s case), the 2005 Danish representative. All four acted as backup singers during the show. They were also joined by the Olsen Brothers for a brief, Eurovision-themed version of their song “Walk Right Back”.


Opening medley

Winners of Eurovision

Unforgettable performances

Men in Eurovision

Dancing in Eurovision

Women in Eurovision

Eurovision favourites

Eurovision winners medley

Second places

Medley “backing vocals”


A total of thirty-five countries broadcast the event, but only thirty-one participated in the voting.

Broadcasters and commentators in voting countries[2]
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Andorra RTVA ATV Unknown
 Austria ORF ORF 2[a] Elisabeth Engstler [de] and Christian Ludwig [24][25]
 Belgium VRT Eén Unknown [26][27]
RTBF La UneRTBF Sat Jean-Pierre Hautier [26][28][29]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina PBSBiH Unknown Unknown
 Croatia HRT HRT 1 Unknown [30]
 Cyprus RIK Unknown Unknown
 Denmark DR DR1 Nicolai Molbech [31][32]
 Finland YLE YLE TV2 Jaana Pelkonen and Heikki Seppälä [fi] [33]
YLE Radio Suomi Sanna Kojo
YLE Radio Vega Hans Johansson
 Germany ARD Südwest FernsehenWDR Fernsehen Unknown [25][29][34]
 Greece ERT NET Elizabeth Filippouli [35]
 Iceland RÚV Sjónvarpið Unknown [36]
 Ireland RTÉ RTÉ Two Marty Whelan [37][38]
 Israel IBA Unknown Unknown
 Latvia LTV LTV1 Unknown [39]
 Lithuania LRT Unknown Unknown
 Macedonia MRT Unknown Unknown
 Malta PBS TVM Tony Micallef [40]
 Monaco TMC Monte Carlo Bernard Montiel [fr] and Yves Lecoq [29]
 Netherlands NPO Nederland 2 Willem van Beusekom [26][41]
 Norway NRK NRK1 Jostein Pedersen [31]
 Poland TVP TVP1 Unknown [42]
 Portugal RTP RTP1 Unknown [43]
 Romania TVR Unknown Unknown
 Russia Channel One Unknown [44]
 Serbia and Montenegro RTS Unknown Unknown
RTCG Unknown Unknown
 Slovenia RTV SLO SLO 1 [sl] Mojca Mavec [sl] [30][45]
 Spain TVE La Primera José María Íñigo and Beatriz Pécker [es] [46]
 Sweden SVT SVT1 Pekka Heino [31][47]
 Switzerland SRG SSR SF 1 Unknown [25][29][48]
TSR 1 Jean-Marc Richard
TSI 1 Unknown
 Turkey TRT TRT 1 Unknown [49]
 Ukraine NTU Pershyi Natsionalnyi Unknown [50]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-voting countries
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Albania RTSH Unknown Unknown [51]
 Armenia AMPTV Unknown Unknown [51]
 Australia SBS SBS TV[b] Marty Whelan [51][52]
 Hungary MR Petőfi Rádió [hu][c] Erzsébet Jeney [hu] [53]
 Kosovo RTK RTK Unknown [51]

Viewing figures[edit]

Estimated viewership by country (in millions)[54]
Country Viewership
 Austria 0.80
 Belgium 1 (VRT)
 Cyprus 0.07
 Denmark 1.42
 Finland 0.44
 Germany 0.63 (SWR, WDR)
 Netherlands 1.2
 Norway 0.97
 Poland 3.2
 Portugal 0.85
 Spain 2.83
 Sweden 2

Non-participating countries[edit]

Countries that have previously competed but were not involved with the broadcast or voting of the contest;

  •  Belarus
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Estonia
  •  France[55]
  •  Italy[55]
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Moldova
  •  Morocco
  •  Slovakia
  •  United Kingdom[55]

The BBC (UK), RAI (Italy) and France Télévisions chose not to broadcast the event. Søren Therkelsen, the commissioning editor of the event, said he was “disappointed” at the broadcasters’ decision not to transmit the show.[55] The BBC chose not to carry the event as it was “too remote” for British audiences.[17]

Official album[edit]

Cover art of the official album

To coincide with the broadcast of the programme, an official compilation album for the 50th anniversary titled The Very Best of the Eurovision Song Contest (also known as Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest),[56] was put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by CMC International on 21 October 2005.[57] The compilation featured over 100 songs, including all Eurovision Song Contest winners from 1956 until 2005 and a selection of all-time favourites, that was divided into 2 separate double CDs: 1956–1980 and 1981–2005. The 22-page booklet includes information about the entries, contestants and venues.[58]


  1. ^ Deferred broadcast at 22:10 CET (21:00 UTC)[24]
  2. ^ Deferred broadcast on 23 October at 20:30 AEST (10:30 UTC)[52]
  3. ^ Delayed broadcast on 15 November at 23:15 CET (22:15 UTC)[53]

• Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits (2015)

Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits
Final 31 March 2015
Venue Eventim Apollo, Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom
Musical director David Arch
Directed by
Executive supervisor Jon Ola Sand
Executive producer Guy Freeman
Host broadcaster British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Number of entries 21 songs from 15 artists