Special shows. Several anniversary events, and related contests under the “Eurovision Live Events” brand, have been organised by the EBU with its member broadcasters. In addition, participating broadcasters have occasionally commissioned special Eurovision programmes for their home audiences, and a number of other imitator contests have been developed outside of the EBU framework, on both a national and international level.
The EBU has held several events to mark selected anniversaries in the contest’s history: Songs of Europe, held in 1981 to celebrate its twenty-fifth anniversary, had live performances and video recordings of all Eurovision Song Contest winners up to 1981; Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was organised in 2005 to celebrate the event’s fiftieth anniversary, and featured a contest to determine the most popular song from among 14 selected entries from the contest’s first 50 years; and in 2015 the event’s sixtieth anniversary was marked by Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits, a concert of performances by past Eurovision artists and video montages of performances and footage from previous contests. Following the cancellation of the 2020 contest, the EBU subsequently organised a special non-competitive broadcast, Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light, which provided a showcase for the songs that would have taken part in the competition.
Other contests organised by the EBU include Eurovision Young Musicians, a classical music competition for European musicians between the ages of 12 and 21; Eurovision Young Dancers, a dance competition for non-professional performers between the ages of 16 and 21; Eurovision Choir, a choral competition for non-professional European choirs produced in partnership with the Interkultur and modelled after the World Choir Games; and the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, a similar song contest for singers aged between 9 and 14 representing primarily European countries. The Eurovision Dance Contest was an event featuring pairs of dancers performing ballroom and Latin dancing, which took place for two editions, in 2007 and 2008.
Similar international music competitions have been organised externally to the EBU. The Sopot International Song Festival has been held annually since 1961; between 1977 and 1980, under the patronage of the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an Eastern European broadcasting network similar to the EBU, it was rebranded as the Intervision Song Contest. An Ibero-American contest, the OTI Festival, was previously held among hispanophone and lusophone countries in Europe, North America and South America; and a contest for countries and autonomous regions with Turkic links, the Turkvision Song Contest, has been organised since 2013. Similarly, an adaption of the contest for artists in the United States, the American Song Contest, was held in 2022 and featured songs representing U.S. states and territories. Adaptions of the contest for artists in Canada and Latin America are in development, though development on the former has been halted.
- Eurovision Song Contest Previews
- Songs of Europe (1981)
- Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (1993)
- Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest (2005)
- Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits (2015)
- EurovisionAgain (2020–2021)
- Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light (2020)
- Die Grand Prix Hitliste (2006)
- Het Grote Songfestivalfeest (2019, 2022–)
- Der kleine Song Contest (2020)
- Eurovision 2020 – das deutsche Finale (2020)
- Eurovision: Come Together (2020)
- Sveriges 12:a (2020)
• Eurovision Song Contest Previews. The Eurovision Song Contest Previews are annually broadcast TV shows showcasing the entries into the forthcoming Eurovision Song Contest. They were inaugurated in 1971 for the contest in Dublin, Ireland, and have been provided by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to all participating countries ever since.
For a period, the BBC were responsible for ‘collecting’ the preview videos and distributing them to the various participating countries. This has been carried out by the contest’s host nation more recently. Between 2004 and 2007, the Nordic broadcasters (Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland) co-produced preview shows for broadcast across their region.
Background. All participants in the Eurovision Song Contest are required to submit a video of their entry to the EBU via the host broadcaster, to be distributed across the Eurovision network. From 1971 until the early 1990s, it was compulsory for all participants to broadcast the videos. Since the mid-1990s it has become optional. Broadcasters either submit a performance of the given song – usually taken from their local national final – or a music video of the entry, specifically filmed for the purpose. In 1971, the Belgian preview video featured singers Nicole & Hugo who were forced to withdraw days before the Eurovision final due to illness, being replaced by Jacques Raymond and Lily Castel.
Occasionally countries rely on funding from their government tourism budget to produce the video, leading to highly commercial offerings highlighting the given country’s natural beauty. Often songs would vary from the version that would be heard in the contest itself; either through a change in language or a variance between the length of the recorded version and the permitted live version, or through a variance in orchestration and arrangement.
Rules. Early rules stated that the videos could not be broadcast in any less than two shows, with no more than half the songs in any show and the songs had to be broadcast in full. Later amendments allowed the videos to be broadcast incomplete, but that meant the videos still had to have a uniform length of duration. Generally speaking, the countries broadcast the shows in two parts, the entries divided as evenly as practicable between the two shows. It was also stated in the rule book that the name of the broadcasting TV station for each country be carried on screen to introduce the songs, but many broadcasters ignored this. Some broadcasters would credit the contributing TV station verbally rather than on screen.
1974. In 1974, a two-night preview programme, Auftakt für Brighton (Prelude for Brighton), was coordinated by the German national broadcaster ARD. It was broadcast at the end of March and hosted by the journalist Karin Tietze-Ludwig. It was the first “preview”-type programme to be broadcast in many European countries simultaneously (rather than each national broadcaster showing their own preview programme). The programme was also notable in being the European television debut for the winners, ABBA, who were peculiarly credited in previews as “The Abba”. It was first aired on German television Hessischer Rundfunk on 27–28 March and in Finland on 30 March as Eurovision laulukilpailu. The UK did not broadcast the programmes, instead airing their own preview shows introduced by David Vine on BBC1 on 24 and 31 March, unusually dividing the entries into six songs for the first show and twelve for the second, contrary to the stated rules. In the same year, the French entry was broadcast by all the nations showing the previews, even though the song was withdrawn from the Eurovision final itself.
1977. In 1977, the previews were broadcast across Europe ahead of the original scheduled broadcast date of 2 April for the Eurovision final. When the contest was postponed to 7 May, this left a long gap between the preview shows airing and the final.
1982. For the Eurovision Song Contest 1982 Grand Final, several clips from the preview videos were incorporated into the short ‘postcards’ used to introduce each nation’s entry as part of a video montage. It was the first time the previews were represented in the contest. Only clips from the previews that were not of the performer in a national final or performing the song in studio were used, limiting the usage to half of the 18 contenders. Those that were included: Portugal, Turkey, Switzerland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Cyprus, Finland, Yugoslavia and Spain. Since 1982, only in 2000 were any clips from the previews utilized again, as clips from the Turkish preview were used as a partial background video for the live performance of the Turkish entry.
1990. For the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 Grand Final, at the end of the video postcard introducing each song, the animated EuroCat (that year’s contest mascot) appeared on screen to click a cartoon camera; the resulting photograph being a still of the artist captured from their respective preview video, but represented in monochrome rather than colour.
Modern day. From approximately 2000, the videos have been available online via the Eurovision website and most broadcasters upload them to their own, local Eurovision site.
San Marino broadcaster SMtv televised the previews for the first time in 2012, showing the videos in multiple programmes in the run up to the contest on a rotating basis, hosted by John Kennedy O’Connor. SMtv continued with the previews each year since, under various formats, until O’Connor retired in 2019. In 2014 O’Connor presented each entry on location in San Marino and in 2015 each entry was linked by video to the participating country. The 2016, 2017 & 2018 previews were presented in a studio setting. SM Rtv revived the previews in 2022, hosted by commentator Lia Fiorio, under the title “Countdown to Eurovision”, returning for a second series in 2023.
UK broadcasts. In the United Kingdom, the BBC broadcast the programmes in two parts, every year from 1971 to 1994 on BBC1 and then again between 2002 and 2004 on BBC Choice, later BBC Three, in multiple shows over one week. The preview shows have been hosted by a variety of presenters over the years; including Cliff Richard, Terry Wogan, Gloria Hunniford, Ken Bruce and Lorraine Kelly.
|Eurovision Song Contest Previews|
|Also known as||A Song for Europe (1972), Tips For Le Top (1994), Liquid Eurovision (2002–03), Eurovision on Location (2004)|
|Presented by||Cliff Richard (1971–72), Terry Wogan (1973, 1975, 1977–84, 1994), David Vine (1974), Michael Aspel (1976), Dave Lee Travis (1985), David Hamilton (1986), Ray Moore (1987), Gloria Hunniford (1988, 1992–93), Ken Bruce (1989–91), Lorraine Kelly (2002–04), Paddy O’Connell (2004)|
|Starring||Peter Snow (1994)|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Running time||30–45 minutes|
|Original network||BBC1 (1971–1994), BBC Choice (2002), BBC Three (2003–04)|
|Original release||21 March 1971 – 14 May 2004|
|Eurovision Song Contest|
In the United Kingdom, the BBC broadcast the programmes in two parts, every year from 1971 to 1994 on BBC1 and then again between 2002 and 2004 on BBC Choice, later BBC Three, in multiple shows over one week. The preview shows have been hosted by a variety of presenters over the years; including Cliff Richard, Terry Wogan, Gloria Hunniford, Ken Bruce and Lorraine Kelly.
Format. Generally, but by no means always, the songs were broadcast in the order they would appear in the contest, with the UK entry saved until the end. For 1979 to 1982, the songs were shown in a random order, despite host Terry Wogan insisting in 1979 that the songs were being shown in competition order during the broadcasts. In 1982, the UK entry was scheduled to be broadcast at the end of the second programme, but was also included in the first programme in the absence of the Greek entry that was withdrawn while the shows were in production. In 1983, the UK preview video consisted of the group Sweet Dreams in speed boats off the coast of Dover, Southern England, with the engine noise of the vessels included in the soundtrack, partially obscuring the song itself.
From 1971 to 1994, the shows were broadcast on Sunday afternoons with just two exceptions. In 1972, the shows were given a prime-time airing as part of the BBC1 Monday evening schedule at 7:30PM and in 1973, the shows were instead broadcast on Saturday afternoons. The revived shows from 2002 to 2004 were shown in the evening schedule firstly on BBC Choice (2002) and subsequently on BBC Three and broadcast from a London studio. In 2004, the previews were featured as part of two Eurovision on Location shows broadcast from the host city that year, Istanbul.
From 1976 to 1985, the BBC provided a specifically filmed ‘video’ of the artist on location in the UK. In all other years, they have simply provided the performance from the national final, although often the artist’s record company will also send their own commercially released video for use by the broadcasters, but these were never shown in the UK broadcasts. From 1984, the BBC included the contributing broadcasters acronym on screen for each entry.
The 1994 preview show, which would be the last for eight years, was renamed Tips For Le Top and included analysis by “swingometer” expert Peter Snow who gave out the odds on victory for each act with only two minutes of each song broadcast. It also featured a special Eurovision-themed edition of quiz show Mastermind with four fan contestants. The competition was won by David Bridgman representing United Kingdom with Wogan acting as quizmaster. The other contestants were Johnny O’Mahony (Ireland), Marc Dierckx (Belgium) and Henry Klok (Netherlands). Prizes were presented by four-time Eurovision hostess, Katie Boyle. This was the only previews show broadcast by the BBC where the songs were shown in the exact same running order as the contest.
By year. The UK broadcast details are as follows, with the countries listed in the order they were shown:
|1971||Cliff Richard||21, 28 March||Part 1: Austria, Malta, Monaco, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, Belgium.
Part 2: Italy, Sweden, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Finland, Norway, United Kingdom.
|1972||Cliff Richard||13, 20 March||Part 1: Germany, France, Ireland, Spain, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, Malta, United Kingdom.
Part 2: Finland, Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia, Sweden, Monaco, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands.
|1973||Terry Wogan||24, 31 March||Part 1: Finland, Belgium, Portugal, Germany, Norway, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland, Yugoslavia.
Part 2: Italy, Luxembourg, Sweden, Netherlands, Ireland, France, Israel, United Kingdom.
|1974||David Vine||24, 31 March||Part 1: Finland, Spain, Norway, Greece, Israel, Yugoslavia.
Part 2: Sweden, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium, Netherlands, Ireland, Germany, France,[a] Switzerland, Portugal, Italy, United Kingdom.
|1975||Terry Wogan[b]||9, 16 March||Part 1: Netherlands, Ireland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Norway, Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Malta, Belgium.
Part 2: Israel, Turkey, Monaco, Finland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Italy, United Kingdom.
|1976||Michael Aspel||21, 28 March||Part 1: Switzerland, Germany, Israel, Luxembourg, Belgium, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Greece.
Part 2: Finland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Monaco, France, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.
|1977||Terry Wogan||20, 27 March||Part 1: Ireland, Monaco, Netherlands, Austria, Norway, Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal, Greece.
Part 2: Israel, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Italy, Finland, Belgium, France, United Kingdom.
|1978||Terry Wogan||9, 16 April||Part 1: Ireland, Norway, Italy, Finland, Portugal, France, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands.
Part 2: Turkey, Germany, Monaco, Greece, Denmark, Luxembourg, Israel, Austria, Sweden, United Kingdom.
|1979||Terry Wogan||18, 25 March||Part 1: Portugal, Italy, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Monaco, Greece, Switzerland, Israel.
Part 2: Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Austria, Spain, United Kingdom.
|1980||Terry Wogan||6, 13 April||Part 1: Austria, Turkey, Luxembourg, Morocco, Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Portugal, Spain, Netherlands.
Part 2: Germany, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, France, Belgium, United Kingdom.
|1981||Terry Wogan||22, 29 March||Part 1: Israel, Austria, Turkey, Luxembourg, Finland, Yugoslavia, Spain, Germany, France, Denmark.
Part 2: Ireland, Portugal, Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Belgium, Greece, Cyprus, Sweden, United Kingdom.
|1982||Terry Wogan||11, 18 April||Part 1: Reprise of United Kingdom 1981, Portugal, Norway, Turkey, Switzerland, Denmark, Austria, Germany, Netherlands, Ireland, United Kingdom.
Part 2: Medley Reprise: (Sweden 1974, Ireland 1980 & Israel 1979), Israel, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Finland, Sweden, Yugoslavia, Spain, Belgium, United Kingdom.
|1983||Terry Wogan||10, 17 April||Part 1: France, Norway, Sweden, Italy, Turkey, Spain, Switzerland, Finland, Greece, Netherlands.
Part 2: Yugoslavia, Cyprus, Germany, Denmark, Israel, Portugal, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, United Kingdom.
|1984||Terry Wogan||22, 29 April||Part 1: Sweden, Luxembourg, France, Spain, Norway, Cyprus, Belgium, Ireland, Denmark, Netherlands.
Part 2: Yugoslavia, Austria, Germany, Turkey, Finland, Switzerland, Italy, Portugal, United Kingdom.
|1985||Dave Lee Travis||21, 28 April.||Part 1: Ireland, Finland, Cyprus, Denmark, Spain, France, Turkey, Belgium, Portugal, Germany.
Part 2: Israel, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, Luxembourg, Greece, United Kingdom.
|1986||David Hamilton||20, 27 April||Part 1: Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, France, Norway, Iceland, Netherlands, Turkey, Spain, Switzerland, Israel.
Part 2: Ireland, Belgium, Germany, Cyprus, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Portugal, United Kingdom.
|1987||Ray Moore||26 April & 3 May||Part 1: Norway, Israel, Austria, Iceland, Belgium, Sweden, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Greece.
Part 2: Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Cyprus, Finland, Denmark, Ireland, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
|1988||Gloria Hunniford||18, 25 April||Part 1: Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Turkey, Spain, Netherlands, Israel, Switzerland, Ireland, Germany.
Part 2: Austria, Denmark, Greece, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, France, Portugal, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.
|1989||Ken Bruce[c]||23, 30 April||Part 1: Italy, Israel, Ireland, Netherlands, Turkey, Belgium, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Luxembourg, Denmark.
Part 2: Austria, Finland, France, Spain, Cyprus, Switzerland, Greece, Iceland, Germany, Yugoslavia, United Kingdom.
|Year||Host||Broadcast||Songs and guests|
|1990||Ken Bruce||22, 29 April||Part 1: Spain, Greece, Belgium, Turkey, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Iceland, Norway, Israel, Denmark, Switzerland.
Part 2: Germany, France, Yugoslavia, Portugal, Ireland, Sweden, Italy, Austria, Cyprus, Finland, United Kingdom.
|1991||Ken Bruce||21, 28 April||Part 1: Yugoslavia, Iceland, Malta, Greece, Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, Sweden, France, Turkey, Ireland.
Part 2: Portugal, Denmark, Norway, Israel, Finland, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Cyprus, Italy, United Kingdom.
|1992||Gloria Hunniford||26 April & 3 May||Part 1: Spain, Belgium, Israel, Turkey, Greece, France, Sweden, Portugal, Cyprus, Malta, Iceland.
Part 2: Finland, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Austria, Ireland, Denmark, Italy, Yugoslavia,[d] Norway, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom.
|1993||Gloria Hunniford||2, 9 May||Part 1: Italy, Turkey, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Greece, Belgium, Malta, Iceland, Austria, Portugal, France.
Part 2: Sweden, Ireland, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Finland, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Netherlands, Croatia, Spain, Cyprus, Israel, Norway, United Kingdom.
|17, 24 April||Part 1: Guest Johnny Logan. Sweden, Finland, Ireland, Cyprus, Iceland, United Kingdom, Croatia, Portugal, Switzerland, Estonia, Romania, Malta.
Part 2: Guest Jahn Teigen. Netherlands, Germany, Slovakia, Lithuania, Norway, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Austria, Spain, Hungary, Russia, Poland, France.
2000s. The preview shows returned in 2002 as Liquid Eurovision, a spin-off from Liquid News and were renamed Eurovision on Location in 2004 following the cancellation of Liquid News a month before the contest that year. Only brief snippets of the songs were broadcast, the emphasis of the programmes being on the reactions from the guests.
|Year||Host||Broadcast||Songs and guests|
Max Flint (in Tallinn)
|21, 22, 23, 24 May (BBC Choice)||Guests included Marko Matvere, Jenny Eclair, Jay Aston and Nicki French.|
Tim Muffett (in Riga)
|19, 20, 21, 22, 23 May (BBC Three)||Part 1: Guests Kerry McFadden and Mark Frith assessing this year’s entries from Iceland, Austria, Ireland, Turkey and Malta.
Part 2: Guests June Sarpong and Simon Grant weighing up this year’s Eurovision contribution from favourites Russia.
Part 3: The entries from Spain, Israel, Ukraine, the UK and the Netherlands with former Eurovision divas Jessica Garlick and Gina G.
Part 4: Claudia Winkleman and Slovenian group Sestre preview more entries.
Part 5: The last of five shows previews contributions from Belgium, Estonia, Romania, Sweden and Slovenia, and offers a behind the-scenes look at UK entrants Jemini’s last-minute preparations in Riga. With former contest winner Linda Martin.
|13, 14 May (BBC Three)||Part 1: The latest Eurovision news. On location in Istanbul, a look at some of this year’s entries joined by the UK’s representative James Fox and ex-Westlife member Brian McFadden
Part 2: A look at some of this year’s entries, plus tips on how to throw a Turkish-themed Eurovision party, and chat with guests Louis Walsh and Alistair Griffin.
- Ultimately withdrew from the contest due to the death of president Georges Pompidou.
- Pete Murray was scheduled to host the 1975 programmes, but was replaced by Wogan for the broadcasts.
- Gloria Hunniford was scheduled to host the 1989 programmes, but after being involved in an accident, she was replaced by Ken Bruce.
- The flag of the dissolved Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was still used in the broadcast, despite being replaced with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and a new flag without a red star on 27 April.
• Songs of Europe (1981).
Songs of Europe (1981 concert). Songs of Europe is a concert television programme commemorating the Eurovision Song Contest’s twenty-fifth anniversary. The event was held in Mysen, Norway in 1981, featuring all but eight of the winners of the Eurovision Song Contest from its first edition in 1956 to 1981, and broadcast to more than 100 million viewers all over Europe.
The concert, which was the largest ever in Norway at the time, and still the largest in Mysen, was hosted by Norwegian television personalities Rolf Kirkvaag and children’s television character Titten Tei, who led the two-hour live broadcast in English, German, French, Norwegian and Spanish. The majority of entries were conducted by Sigurd Jansen, although the song “Hallelujah” was conducted, as it was in 1979, by composer Kobi Oshrat. “Nous les amoureux” was conducted by Raymond Bernard, “La, la, la” by Manuel Gas, and “Boom Bang-a-Bang” by Kenny Clayton.
Background. The concert was an annual fund raiser for the International Red Cross, with previous headline acts including Julie Andrews, Charles Aznavour and in 1975, Eurovision winners ABBA.
The theme of the Eurovision winning songs was chosen for the 1981 edition, with a double-album containing all 29 winning tracks released by the Red Cross imprinted on their own label to raise additional funding, entitled Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses.
It is the biggest concert arranged to feature such an amount of Eurovision Song Contest artists and more specifically winners performing at once, with 21 out of a total 29 winners (four winners in the 1969 Contest) attending to perform their past winning songs; that is with the Eurovision Song Contest’s fiftieth anniversary, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, featuring most of the artists as guests and not as performers, and the Contest’s sixtieth anniversary, Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits, featuring fifteen artists acts.
The show. Heavy rain delayed the start of the concert and interrupted some of the early performances. The songs were performed on the stage or shown in videos, in accordance to the chronological order of the Eurovision Song Contest’s winners from the first edition in 1956 up to and including the 1981 edition; although 1981 was the 26th edition, it was held a few months prior to the concert and thus included in it.
Some snippets of earlier ESC performances intermingled into the show. 21 acts performed their winning songs live (although Dana lip-synched her winning song, as she was recovering from throat surgery), including three out of the four winners of the 1969 Contest. The remaining eight winners, marked in light red, were shown in video footage of their performances in their respective editions of the Eurovision Song Contest, where available. Others were shown in still photographs or in clips taken from other broadcasts where no clip from the contest was known to exist. Abba’s performance of Waterloo was taken from the televised Red Cross concert the group had performed in Mysen in 1975. Waterloo was the only one of the absentee winning songs performed in its entirety.
Massiel performed a new, extended arrangement of her 1968 winning song, losing her timing and was briefly out of synch with the live orchestra. Martin Lee of Brotherhood of Man fumbled the lyrics of the 1976 winning song, repeating the first verse twice. Despite the rain and the wet stage, Sandie Shaw performed bare foot much to the appreciation of the audience.
The show ended with all of the performers and guest Teddy Scholten appearing on stage for a curtain call and photographs.
|1957||Netherlands||Corry Brokken||“Net als toen”||Dutch|
|1958||France||André Claveau||“Dors, mon amour”||French|
|1959||Netherlands||Teddy Scholten[a]||“Een beetje”||Dutch|
|1960||France||Jacqueline Boyer||“Tom Pillibi”||French|
|1961||Luxembourg||Jean-Claude Pascal||“Nous les amoureux”||French|
|1962||France||Isabelle Aubret||“Un premier amour”||French|
|1963||Denmark||Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann||“Dansevise”||Danish|
|1964||Italy||Gigliola Cinquetti||“Non ho l’età”||Italian|
|1965||Luxembourg||France Gall||“Poupée de cire, poupée de son”||French|
|1966||Austria||Udo Jürgens||“Merci, Chérie”||German[b]|
|1967||United Kingdom||Sandie Shaw||“Puppet on a String”||English|
|1968||Spain||Massiel||“La, la, la”||Spanish|
|1969||United Kingdom||Lulu||“Boom Bang-a-Bang”||English|
|1969||Netherlands||Lenny Kuhr||“De troubadour”||Dutch|
|1969||France||Frida Boccara||“Un jour, un enfant”||French|
|1970||Ireland||Dana||“All Kinds of Everything”||English|
|1971||Monaco||Séverine||“Un banc, un arbre, une rue”||French|
|1972||Luxembourg||Vicky Leandros||“Après toi”||French|
|1973||Luxembourg||Anne-Marie David||“Tu te reconnaîtras”||French|
|1976||United Kingdom||Brotherhood of Man||“Save Your Kisses for Me”||English|
|1977||France||Marie Myriam||“L’Oiseau et l’Enfant”||French|
|1978||Israel||Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta[d]||“A-Ba-Ni-Bi” (א-ב-ני-בי)||Hebrew|
|1979||Israel||Milk and Honey[e]||“Hallelujah” (הללויה)||Hebrew|
|1980||Ireland||Johnny Logan||“What’s Another Year?”||English|
|1981||United Kingdom||Bucks Fizz||“Making Your Mind Up”||English|
International broadcasting. In the United Kingdom, a highlights programme was broadcast by BBC Two on 25 September 1981 and introduced by Terry Wogan. BBC Radio 2 transmitted the concert on 26 December 1981, introduced by Len Jackson.
Commentators. The following countries, listed in order of broadcasting dates, had confirmed that they would broadcast the anniversary show.
|Date of broadcast||Country||Channel||Station||Commentators|
|22 August 1981||Denmark||DR||DR TV||TBC|
|Norway||NRK||NRK Fjernsynet||Knut Aunbu|
|25 September 1981||United Kingdom||BBC||BBC Two||Terry Wogan|
|26 December 1981||BBC Radio 2||Len Jackson|
|El Salvador||TCS||Canal 2|
|Jordan||JRTV||JTV 2||No commentator|
Non-broadcasting countries. The following countries originally intended to broadcast the event, but withdrew for unknown reasons
The following list of countries, which participated in the Eurovision Song Contest at least once, also did not broadcast the show:
Compilation album by Eurovision Song Contest
|Eurovision Song Contest chronology|
Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses (also known as 25 Years Eurovision Song Contest Winners 1956-1981) is a compilation album with the first 29 winners of the Eurovision Song Contest. The album was released in the summer of 1981 in connection with the competition’s 25th anniversary show. The first final took place in 1956, and it was thus 25 years since the competition started. However, the final in 1981 was the 26th in a row, and in 1969 there were four winners, so the total number of winners was 29 at this time.
The album cover featured the flags of the 13 nations that had won the contest to date, plus colour photographs of 10 of the winning artists: Jacqueline Boyer, Jean-Claude Pascal, Udo Jürgens, Sandie Shaw, Séverine, Vicky Leandros, ABBA, Milk and Honey with Gali Atari, Johnny Logan and Bucks Fizz, despite Leandros, ABBA and Atari not participating in the live concert. Inside the gatefold sleeve, monochrome photographs of all the winners were printed, with full details of the winning song (date, host city, author, composer, conductor, singer).For the album release, a newly recorded version with a new arrangement of the 1966 winner by Udo Jürgens was included rather than the original version that won the contest. Additionally, the English versions of both the Israeli winners of 1978 and 1979 were used rather than the original Hebrew recordings.
- Lys Assia with “Refrain” (Switzerland 1956) – 3:16
- Corry Brokken with “Net als toen” (The Netherlands 1957) – 3:23
- André Claveau with “Dors, mon amour” (France 1958) – 3:14
- Teddy Scholten with “Een beetje” (The Netherlands 1959) – 3:00
- Jacqueline Boyer with “Tom Pillibi” – (France 1960) – 3:04
- Jean-Claude Pascal with “Nous les amoureux” (Luxembourg 1961) – 3:06
- Isabelle Aubret with “Un premier amour” (France 1962) – 2:33
- Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann with “Dansevise” (Denmark 1963) – 2:55
- Gigliola Cinquetti with “Non ho l’età” (Italy 1964) – 3:14
- France Gall with “Poupée de cire, poupée de son” (Luxembourg 1965) – 2:30
- Udo Jürgens with “Merci, Chérie” (Austria 1966) – 2:42
- Sandie Shaw with “Puppet on a String” (UK 1967) – 2:20
- Massiel with “La, la, la” (Spain 1968) – 2:31
- Salomé with “Vivo cantando” (Spain 1969) – 2:08
- Side A
- Lulu with “Boom Bang-a-Bang” (UK 1969) – 2:21
- Lenny Kuhr with “De Troubadour” (The Netherlands 1969) – 3:36
- Frida Boccara with “Un jour, un enfant” (France 1969) – 2:42
- Dana with “All Kinds of Everything” (Ireland 1970) – 3:00
- Séverine with “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” (Monaco 1971) – 3:01
- Vicky Leandros with “Après toi” (Luxembourg 1972) – 3:31
- Anne-Marie David with “Tu te reconnaîtras” (Luxembourg 1973) – 2:38
- Side B
- ABBA with “Waterloo” (Sweden 1974) – 2:45
- Teach-In with “Ding-a-dong” (Netherlands 1975) – 2:24
- Brotherhood of Man with “Save Your Kisses for Me” (UK 1976) – 3:05
- Marie Myriam with “L’oiseau et l’enfant” (France 1977) – 2:41
- Izhar Cohen and Alphabeta with “A-ba-ni-bi” (Israel 1978) – 2:56
- Milk and Honey with “Hallelujah” (Israel 1979) – 3:27
- Johnny Logan with “What’s Another Year” (Ireland 1980) – 3:09
- Bucks Fizz with “Making Your Mind Up” (UK 1981) – 2:39
Release. The album was put together and released by Polydor, on behalf of the Red Cross. It was released all over Europe on double LP and cassette with various titles:
Scandinavia, Israel, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK and Yugoslavia: Eurovision Gala: 29 Winners – 29 Worldsuccesses
France and French-speaking countries and territories: Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson: 29 winners – 9 successes
Germany and German-speaking countries and territories: Eurovision Gala: 29 Sieger – 29 Welterfolge
- Attended the show as a guest in the audience.
- The song also contains phrases in French.
- The line up of Teach-in was different from the winning 1975 group, although still led by lead singer Getty Kaspers.
- The Alphabeta appeared as a quartet, with two boys and two girls; a different line up from the quintet who had won in 1978.
- Gali Atari who sang the lead vocal with Milk and Honey when they won Eurovision, was replaced by Leah Lupatin.
• Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (1993)
Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (English: Preselection for Millstreet; French: Présélection pour Millstreet) was a televised song contest held as a qualifying round for the Eurovision Song Contest 1993. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO), the contest was held on 3 April 1993 in Studio 1 of Televizija Slovenija in Ljubljana, Slovenia and presented by Slovenian television presenter Tajda Lekše.
The contest was organised with the purpose of reducing the number of competing countries in the Eurovision Song Contest as a result of increased interest in participation among countries following the fall of communist regimes in Europe and the formation of new countries due to the breakup of Yugoslavia and the dissolution of both Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Three places in the 1993 Eurovision Song Contest, held on 15 May in Millstreet, Ireland, were provided for countries which had never taken part before, and seven countries ultimately sent entries to be performed and voted on in the televised contest in Slovenia.
One juror from each of the competing countries voted on the competing entries, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia were chosen to progress to the contest in Millstreet. A relegation system was introduced to the Eurovision Song Contest, which allowed new countries direct access to the contest in future editions to replace the lowest-scoring countries from the previous year’s event. Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, the countries which failed to progress through Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, subsequently made their contest debuts in 1994. This continued until the introduction of the semi-final in 2004.
The Eurovision Song Contest is an internationally televised songwriting competition organised annually by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and featuring participants representing primarily European countries. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed by a chosen artist, with competing countries then casting votes for the other countries’ songs to determine a winner. Originally held in 1956 with seven competing countries, the contest quickly began to grow as more countries became interested in participating, and by the early 1990s entries from over 20 countries were regularly featured in each year’s event.
By 1992 an increasing number of countries had begun expressing an interest in participating in the contest for the first time; this increase in interest was the result of many new countries being formed following the breakup of Yugoslavia and dissolution of the Soviet Union and as part of revolutions leading to the fall of communist regimes in Europe and across the world which took place in the late 1980s and early 1990s. To accommodate this new interest the EBU expanded the maximum number of participating countries for the 1993 contest to twenty-five, with entries from three new countries being joined by twenty-two of the twenty-three countries which had participated in the 1992 event, with Yugoslavia unable to participate after its EBU member broadcaster Jugoslovenska radiotelevizija (JRT) was disbanded in 1992 and its successor organisations Radio-televizija Srbije (RTS) and Radio-televizija Crne Gore (RTCG) were barred from joining the union due to sanctions placed against the country as part of the Yugoslav Wars.
In order to determine which countries would progress to the contest proper, a preselection round was held for the first time in the contest’s history, with the top three countries in this round progressing to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993 held in Millstreet, Ireland. This contest, Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, took place in Ljubljana, Slovenia and was produced by the Slovenian public broadcaster Radiotelevizija Slovenija (RTVSLO). Originally planned to be held in Portorož, the event was ultimately held in Studio 1 of Televizija Slovenija, with Edo Brzin serving as executive producer, Peter Juratovec serving as director, Jože Spacal serving as designer, and Petar Ugrin and Mojmir Sepe serving as musical directors and leading the RTVSLO Revue Orchestra. A separate musical director could be nominated by each country to conduct the orchestra during their performance.
Initially broadcasters in as many as fourteen countries registered their interest in competing in the Eurovision Song Contest’s first preselection event, including broadcasters in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine. By February 1993 however the number of competing countries had dropped to six, comprising planned entries from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia. Subsequently Bulgaria’s planned entry did not materialise, however Estonia and Slovakia joined the contest, resulting in seven countries competing in total for the three spots available in Millstreet.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||RTVBiH||Fazla||“Sva bol svijeta“||Bosnian||Esad Arnautalić|
|Croatia||HRT||Put||“Don’t Ever Cry”||Croatian, English||
|Estonia||ETV||Janika Sillamaa||“Muretut meelt ja südametuld“||Estonian||
|Hungary||MTV||Andrea Szulák||“Árva reggel“||Hungarian||
|Romania||TVR||Dida Drăgan||“Nu pleca“||Romanian||
|Slovakia||STV||Elán||“Amnestia na neveru“||Slovak||Vladimir Valovič|
|Slovenia||RTVSLO||1X Band||“Tih deževen dan“||Slovene||
The three countries which received the most votes once all countries had voted, and thus progressed to the Eurovision Song Contest 1993, were Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. As former constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, all three countries had previously been represented in the Eurovision Song Contest through entries sent by Yugoslavia. Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, which failed to progress through Kvalifikacija za Millstreet, made their contest debuts the following year, following the introduction of a relegation system for the 1994 contest which resulted in the seven lowest-scoring countries from the 1993 contest losing the right to participate in the following year’s event to make room for new countries.
|1||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Fazla||“Sva bol svijeta“||52||2|
|2||Croatia||Put||“Don’t Ever Cry”||51||3|
|3||Estonia||Janika Sillamaa||“Muretut meelt ja südametuld“||47||5|
|4||Hungary||Andrea Szulák||“Árva reggel“||44||6|
|5||Romania||Dida Drăgan||“Nu pleca“||38||7|
|6||Slovenia||1X Band||“Tih deževen dan“||54||1|
|7||Slovakia||Elán||“Amnestia na neveru“||50||4|
Detailed voting results
Jury voting was used to determine the points awarded by all countries. As telephone communications could not be relied upon to reach juries based in the competing countries, one juror from each country was sent to Slovenia in order to provide votes for their respective country. These jurors was based in the studio and announced their votes live and on camera during the voting segment. Each juror awarded twelve points to their favourite entry, followed by ten points to their second favourite, and then awarded points in decreasing value from eight to five for the remaining songs, excluding the entry from their own country. The respective jurors from each country and the detailed breakdown of the points awarded is listed in the tables below.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||52||5||8||10||10||7||12|
The contest was broadcast via the EBU’s Eurovision network, with EBU member broadcasters able to relay the contest via their broadcast channels. Broadcasters were able to send commentators to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language and to relay information about the artists and songs to their television viewers. The broadcast was taken by all competing countries, as well as by broadcasters in Cyprus, Denmark, Portugal and Spain. Known details on the broadcasts in each country, including the specific broadcasting stations and commentators are shown in the tables below.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||RTVBiH||Unknown||Unknown|||
|Croatia||HRT||HRT 1||Aleksandar Kostadinov|||
|Slovenia||RTVSLO||SLO 1||Gregor Krajc|||
Notes and references
- Delayed broadcast on 8 May 1993
• Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest (2005)
|Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest|
|Final||22 October 2005|
|Venue||Forum, Copenhagen, Denmark|
|Musical director||Michael Bojesen|
|Directed by||Lars Hammer|
|Executive producer||Jan Frifelt|
|Host broadcaster||EBU, DR|
|Voting system||Televoting and juries; each country awarded 1–8, 10, and 12 points to their ten favourite songs. In the second round, each country distributes 6 points and above to the best five songs from the first round.|
|Winning song||“Waterloo” by ABBA|
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was a television programme organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) to commemorate the Eurovision Song Contest‘s fiftieth anniversary and to determine the contest’s most popular entrant of its fifty years. Hosted by Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers, the event took place at Forum, in Copenhagen on 22 October 2005. The host was Danish broadcaster DR. Fourteen songs from the contest’s first half-century, chosen through an internet poll and by a jury, contested the event.
Thirty-one EBU-member countries broadcast the concert (although notably France, Italy and the United Kingdom did not) and televoting and juries in these countries decided the winner. A total of 2.5 million votes were cast during the live broadcast. The event was won by Swedish group ABBA, who did not attend, with the song “Waterloo“; the band had originally won the Contest for Sweden in 1974.
To coincide with the event, the EBU released two double album CDs featuring Eurovision songs from the previous fifty years. Two DVDs with original Eurovision performances of these songs were also released.
In November 2002, Jürgen Meier-Beer from the Reference Group of the EBU announced plans to organize a special jubilee programme in 2005 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest. At the time no host broadcaster was announced, with German broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) and the Dutch broadcasting organization Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) reportedly as potential hosts.
Change of host broadcaster
In June 2004, the EBU announced that it was to hold a concert to celebrate fifty years of the contest. The event was to be held on 16 October 2005 at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England. The BBC was to be the host broadcaster for the concert. The Royal Albert Hall was reportedly unavailable, so in August 2004 the EBU announced that DR would stage the event instead. Eurovision Song Contest supervisor Svante Stockselius said that Denmark’s previous experience of hosting Eurovision events (the 2001 Contest and the first Junior Eurovision Song Contest in 2003) were influential in the Union’s choice. The event was codenamed Extravaganza.
1998 Eurovision winner Dana International, who appeared at the event, later went to suggest that the reason behind the change of host country was also due to the fact that the BBC wanted to present the show “with humour” as though to poke fun at the Contest, an idea that proved to be less popular with the EBU. The BBC ended up not broadcasting the show from Copenhagen, and went on to broadcast their own 50th anniversary programme, Boom Bang-a-Bang: 50 Years of Eurovision, in May 2006. The programme featured archive footage and highlights of past contests, along with a performance of that year’s UK entry by Daz Sampson and was hosted by Terry Wogan.
Selection of venue and hosts
On 25 October 2004 Copenhagen was confirmed as the host city for the event, which was now scheduled to take place on 22 October 2005. In May 2005 Congratulations was confirmed as the official name of the concert. A month later DR announced that Forum Copenhagen would host the programme. The chosen venue had previously hosted the first edition of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest.
On 9 September 2005, DR announced that Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers would present the concert. Leskanich was the lead singer of Katrina and The Waves, who won the Contest for the United Kingdom in 1997. Kaupers is the lead singer of Latvian group Brainstorm, who represented Latvia on its debut in the Contest in 2000. Tickets for the event went on sale on 22 August 2005 from 10:00 (CET) and sold out in just over one hour. The event was attended by an audience of 6,000.
Fourteen songs competed in Congratulations. In May 2005, the EBU opened a poll on its website to decide ten songs that would contest the event. Voters chose their two favourite songs from each of five decades: 1956 to 1965, 1966 to 1975, 1976 to 1985, 1986 to 1995 and 1996 to 2005. The remaining four songs would be selected by the EBU’s Reference Group.
On 16 June 2005 the fourteen chosen songs were announced, although no indication was given as to which had been chosen online and which by the Reference Group. Eleven of the fourteen songs were Eurovision winners; only “Nel blu, dipinto di blu”, “Congratulations” and “Eres tú” (which all finished in the top three at the contest) were not. Two countries, the United Kingdom and Ireland, were represented twice on the list. Johnny Logan, who won the contest twice for Ireland as a singer, had both of his songs featured on the list.
All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the first round. The five songs that are marked in orange qualified to the second and final round.
|01||1968||United Kingdom||Cliff Richard||“Congratulations“||English||8||105|
|02||1980||Ireland||Johnny Logan||“What’s Another Year“||English||12||74|
|05||1982||Germany||Nicole||“Ein bißchen Frieden“||German||7||106|
|06||1958||Italy||Domenico Modugno||“Nel blu, dipinto di blu“||Italian||2||200|
|08||2000||Denmark||Olsen Brothers||“Fly on the Wings of Love“||English||6||111|
|09||1965||Luxembourg||France Gall||“Poupée de cire, poupée de son“||French||14||37|
|10||2003||Turkey||Sertab Erener||“Everyway That I Can“||English||9||104|
|11||1988||Switzerland||Celine Dion||“Ne partez pas sans moi“||French||10||98|
|12||1987||Ireland||Johnny Logan||“Hold Me Now“||English||3||182|
|13||1976||United Kingdom||Brotherhood of Man||“Save Your Kisses for Me“||English||5||154|
|14||2005||Greece||Helena Paparizou||“My Number One“||English||4||167|
All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the second round.
|01||1958||Italy||Domenico Modugno||“Nel blu, dipinto di blu“||Italian||2||267|
|03||1987||Ireland||Johnny Logan||“Hold Me Now“||English||3||262|
|04||1976||United Kingdom||Brotherhood of Man||“Save Your Kisses for Me“||English||5||230|
|05||2005||Greece||Helena Paparizou||“My Number One“||English||4||245|
Both juries and televoting were used at Congratulations; both having an equal influence over the vote. In the first round of voting, the number of songs was reduced to five. Each country awarded points from one to eight, then ten and finally twelve for their ten most popular songs. Unlike in the Contest proper, viewers were allowed to vote for songs which had represented their country. The top five songs were then subjected to another round of voting, where only six points and above were awarded. The voting was conducted in private, and the results were not announced until after the show. The song with the most points in the second round was the winner.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
|“What’s Another Year”||74||2||4||6||5||4||1||6||8||3||3||2||3||6||6||4||6||1||4|
|“Ein bißchen Frieden”||106||1||3||2||3||3||4||5||3||8||6||2||7||7||1||4||5||5||7||3||1||3||8||4||4||4||3|
|“Nel blu, dipinto di blu”||200||6||7||6||7||10||5||8||7||8||7||2||4||6||8||7||6||8||2||6||8||7||10||8||10||8||5||8||10||6|
|“Fly on the Wings of Love”||111||3||5||1||6||10||6||12||7||10||10||2||7||2||8||3||1||3||4||8||3|
|“Poupée de cire, poupée de son”||37||8||8||1||2||1||3||7||1||2||1||1||2|
|“Everyway That I Can”||104||2||10||2||6||8||4||4||3||7||1||1||4||8||5||5||5||2||5||3||7||12|
|“Ne partez pas sans moi”||98||7||1||3||2||1||5||1||1||1||4||10||3||10||2||1||8||3||4||4||2||12||5||8|
|“Hold Me Now”||182||4||5||6||8||7||7||7||10||10||2||12||5||4||12||12||5||7||10||2||5||10||10||7||6||6||2||1|
|“Save Your Kisses for Me”||154||4||6||4||7||4||8||2||3||6||8||6||6||5||6||5||7||10||10||2||8||6||6||6||2||7||10|
|“My Number One”||167||5||2||7||12||4||12||2||5||12||6||4||3||5||5||4||4||1||3||4||1||12||7||7||5||7||10||5||6||7|
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points each country awarded in the first round:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|18||“Waterloo”||Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Monaco, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine|
|4||“My Number One”||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Greece, Romania|
|3||“Hold Me Now”||Ireland, Macedonia, Malta|
|2||“Eres tú”||Netherlands, Spain|
|1||“Fly on the Wings of Love”||Iceland|
|“Everyway That I Can”||Turkey|
|“Ne partez pas sans moi”||Switzerland|
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
|“Nel blu, dipinto di blu”||267||10||10||8||10||8||7||6||10||12||8||10||7||7||8||12||8||8||10||6||6||8||8||7||10||7||10||10||7||10||12||7|
|“Hold Me Now”||262||6||7||10||7||12||8||10||8||8||10||8||12||8||6||6||12||12||7||10||10||6||12||12||6||8||8||6||8||7||6||6|
|“Save Your Kisses for Me”||230||7||8||6||6||6||6||8||7||6||6||7||6||12||10||8||7||6||8||8||8||10||10||6||8||6||7||8||6||6||7||10|
|“My Number One”||245||8||6||7||12||7||12||7||6||10||12||6||8||6||7||7||6||7||6||7||7||7||6||10||7||12||6||7||10||8||10||8|
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points each country awarded in the second round:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|17||“Waterloo”||Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine|
|6||“Hold Me Now”||Croatia, Ireland, Macedonia, Malta, Portugal, Romania|
|4||“My Number One”||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Greece, Serbia and Montenegro|
|3||“Nel blu, dipinto di blu”||Germany, Lithuania, Turkey|
|1||“Save Your Kisses for Me”||Israel|
The show started with the traditional Eurovision “Te Deum” theme followed by a message from Cliff Richard. After a quick montage of all 14 songs, the orchestra began playing “Ding-a-Dong” (Netherlands 1975), with dancers on stage. “A-Ba-Ni-Bi” (Israel 1978), “Le dernier qui a parlé…” (France 1991), and “Dschinghis Khan” (Germany 1979) was also played and accompanied by choreography, which was then followed by “Love Shine a Light” (UK 1997) sung by the co-host, Katrina Leskanich, who came out with flag holders of all the countries that have participated in Eurovision up to that point.
Throughout the telecast, a number of highlights segments were presented which showed montages of various Eurovision performances which were either interesting, notable or unorthodox. There were 6 assortments, which were under the categories described by the hosts as ‘past winners’, ‘political, daring, larger than life’, ‘cute men’, ‘unforgettable interpretation of dance’, ‘girlpower’ and ‘close/narrow second-place finishers’. A number of former Eurovision artists returned to help introduce and present the show, inlcuding Carola Häggkvist, Massiel, Dana International, Birthe Wilke, Anne-Marie David, Sandra Kim, Elisabeth Andreassen, Hanne Krogh, Olsen Brothers, Emilija Kokić, Marie Myriam, Sertab Erener, Helena Paparizou, Nicole and Hugo, Cheryl Baker and Lys Assia. Cliff Richard and Nicole gave pre-recorded messages as they were unable to attend.
During the show, there were many presentations by various guest artists during the voting and tallying period. These consisted of the Finnish shouting choir Mieskuoro Huutajat, Riverdance (the 1994 interval act), Ronan Keating (the 1997 co-host), and Johnny Logan, singing his new single “When a Woman Loves a Man”, as well as an appearance by the Belgian duo of 1973, Nicole and Hugo.
There were three medleys, consisting of performances of past Eurovision songs. The first consisted of : Dana International, singing “Parlez-vous Francais” (originally performed by Baccara for Luxembourg in Eurovision Song Contest 1978); Carola Haggkvist, singing “Främling” (1983, 3rd place); Alsou, singing “Solo” (2000, 2nd); Fabrizio Faniello, singing “Another Summer Night” (2001, 9th); Marie Myriam, singing “L’amour est bleu” (originally performed by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1967); Richard Herrey, singing “Let Me Be the One” (originally performed by The Shadows for United Kingdom in 1975); and Thomas Thordarson, singing “Vi maler byen rød” (originally performed by Birthe Kjær for Denmark in 1989).
The second consisted of: Gali Atari, singing “Hallelujah” (1979, winner); Bobbysocks!, singing “La det swinge” (1985, winner); Anne-Marie David, singing “Après toi” (originally sung by Vicky Leandros for Luxembourg in 1972, winner); Lys Assia, singing “Refrain” (1956, winner), Sandra Kim singing “Non ho l’età” (originally sung by Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy in 1964, winner) and Bucks Fizz singing “Making Your Mind Up” (1981, winner).
The final medley was sung by Eimear Quinn, Charlie McGettigan, Jakob Sveistrup and Linda Martin, the Eurovision winners of 1996, 1994 and 1992, and (in Sveistrup’s case), the 2005 Danish representative. All four acted as backup singers during the show. They were also joined by the Olsen Brothers for a brief, Eurovision-themed version of their song “Walk Right Back”.
Winners of Eurovision
- Switzerland 1956: “Refrain” by Lys Assia
- Netherlands 1959: “Een beetje” by Teddy Scholten
- Denmark 1963: “Dansevise” by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann
- Austria 1966: “Merci, Chérie” by Udo Jürgens
- Spain 1969: “Vivo cantando” by Salomé
- Ireland 1970: “All Kinds of Everything” by Dana
- Luxembourg 1973: “Tu te reconnaîtras” by Anne-Marie David
- France 1977: “L’Oiseau et l’Enfant” by Marie Myriam
- United Kingdom 1981: “Making Your Mind Up” by Bucks Fizz
- Sweden 1984: “Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley” by Herreys
- Ireland 1993: “In Your Eyes” by Niamh Kavanagh
- Norway 1995: “Nocturne” by Secret Garden
- Sweden 1999: “Take Me to Your Heaven” by Charlotte Nilsson
- Latvia 2002: “I Wanna” by Marie N
- Norway 1980: “Sámiid ædnan” by Sverre Kjelsberg and Mattis Hætta
- United Kingdom 1981: “Making Your Mind Up” by Bucks Fizz
- 1985: Host Lill Lindfors suffering a wardrobe malfunction live in the show.
- Germany 2000: “Wadde hadde dudde da?” by Stefan Raab
- Belgium 1980: “Euro-Vision” by Telex
- Israel 2000: “Sameach” by PingPong
- Ukraine 2005: “Razom nas bahato” by GreenJolly
- Latvia 2002: “I Wanna” by Marie N
- Slovenia 2002: “Samo ljubezen” by Sestre
- Iceland 1997: “Minn hinsti dans” by Paul Oscar
- Norway 2005: “In My Dreams” by Wig Wam
- Finland 1976: “Pump-Pump” by Fredi and the Friends
- Belgium 1973: “Baby, Baby” by Nicole and Hugo
- Austria 1981: “Wenn du da bist” by Marty Brem
- Israel 1987: “Shir Habatlanim” by Datner and Kushnir
- Yugoslavia 1991: “Brazil” by Bebi Dol
- Sweden 2000: “When Spirits Are Calling My Name” by Roger Pontare
- Switzerland 1979: “Trödler und Co” by Peter, Sue and Marc, Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri
- France 1994: “Je suis un vrai garçon” by Nina Morato
- Germany 1998: “Guildo hat euch lieb!” by Guildo Horn
- Moldova 2005: “Boonika bate doba” by Zdob și Zdub
- Austria 2003: “Weil der Mensch zählt” by Alf Poier
- Denmark 1957: “Skibet skal sejle i nat” by Birthe Wilke and Gustav Winckler
Men in Eurovision
- France 1961: “Printemps, avril carillonne” by Jean-Paul Mauric
- Spain 1962: “Llámame” by Víctor Balaguer
- Belgium 1969: “Jennifer Jennings” by Louis Neefs
- Norway 1968: “Stress” by Odd Børre
- Spain 1970: “Gwendolyne” by Julio Iglesias
- Finland 1967: “Varjoon – suojaan” by Fredi
- Netherlands 1982: “Jij en ik” by Bill van Dijk
- United Kingdom 1962: “Ring-A-Ding Girl” by Ronnie Carroll
- Italy 1965: “Se piangi, se ridi” by Bobby Solo
- Israel 1974: “Natati La Khayay” by Poogy
- Belgium 1973: “Baby, Baby” by Nicole and Hugo
- Belgium 1974: “Fleur de liberté” by Jacques Hustin
- Luxembourg 1976: “Chansons pour ceux qui s’aiment” by Jürgen Marcus
- Austria 1957: “Wohin, kleines Pony?” by Bob Martin
- Italy 1980: “Non so che darei” by Alan Sorrenti
- Ireland 1966: “Come Back to Stay” by Dickie Rock
- Sweden 1980: “Just nu!” by Tomas Ledin
- Austria 1959: “Der K und K Kalypso aus Wien” by Ferry Graf
- Russia 1995: “Kolybelnaya dlya vulkana” by Philipp Kirkorov
- Denmark 1980: “Tænker altid på dig” by Bamses Venner
- Austria 1991: “Venedig im Regen” by Thomas Forstner
- Iceland 1986: “Gleðibankinn” by ICY
- Malta 1975: “Singing This Song” by Renato
Dancing in Eurovision
- Germany 1959: “Heute Abend wollen wir tanzen geh’n” by Alice and Ellen Kessler
- Belgium 1983: “Rendez-vous” by Pas de Deux
- Denmark 1966: “Stop – mens legen er go’” by Ulla Pia
- Turkey 1987: “Şarkım Sevgi Üstüne” by Seyyal Taner and Lokomotif
- Germany 1977: “Telegram” by Silver Convention
- United Kingdom 1982: “One Step Further” by Bardo
- Austria 1977: “Boom Boom Boomerang” by Schmetterlinge
- Luxembourg 1978: “Parlez-vous français ?” by Baccara
- Germany 1979: “Dschinghis Khan” by Dschinghis Khan
- Austria 1982: “Sonntag” by Mess
- Spain 1977: “Enséñame a cantar” by Micky
- Denmark 1981: “Krøller eller ej” by Tommy Seebach and Debbie Cameron
- Belgium 1973: “Baby, Baby” by Nicole and Hugo
- United Kingdom 1983: “I’m Never Giving Up” by Sweet Dreams
- Denmark 1983: “Kloden drejer” by Gry Johansen
- Sweden 1985: “Bra vibrationer” by Kikki Danielsson
- Portugal 1982: “Bem bom” by Doce
- Norway 1986: “Romeo” by Ketil Stokkan
- Ireland 1969: “The Wages of Love” by Muriel Day
- Greece 2002: “S.A.G.A.P.O.” by Michalis Rakintzis
- France 2004: “À chaque pas” by Jonatan Cerrada
- Yugoslavia 1983: “Džuli” by Daniel
- United Kingdom 1987: “Only the Light” by Rikki
- Greece 2004: “Shake It” by Sakis Rouvas
- Netherlands 1966: “Fernando en Filippo” by Milly Scott
Women in Eurovision
- Sweden 1963: “En gång i Stockholm” by Monica Zetterlund
- Spain 1961: “Estando contigo” by Conchita Bautista
- Spain 1990: “Bandido” by Azúcar Moreno
- Germany 1975: “Ein Lied kann eine Brücke sein” by Joy Fleming
- Netherlands 1993: “Vrede” by Ruth Jacott
- Greece 1991: “I anixi” by Sophia Vossou
- Spain 1983: “¿Quién maneja mi barca?” by Remedios Amaya
- United Kingdom 1996: “Ooh Aah… Just a Little Bit” by Gina G
- Russia 1997: “Primadonna” by Alla Pugacheva
- Norway 1966: “Intet er nytt under solen” by Åse Kleveland
- Monaco 1967: “Boum-Badaboum” by Minouche Barelli
- Portugal 1969: “Desfolhada portuguesa” by Simone de Oliveira
- Spain 1965: “¡Qué bueno, qué bueno!” by Conchita Bautista
- Croatia 2002: “Everything I Want” by Vesna Pisarović
- Greece 2003: “Never Let You Go” by Mando
- Belgium 1973: “Baby, Baby” by Nicole and Hugo
- Norway 1976: “Mata Hari” by Anne-Karine Strøm
- France 1967: “Il doit faire beau là-bas” by Noëlle Cordier
- Italy 1992: “Rapsodia” by Mia Martini
- Croatia 1999: “Marija Magdalena” by Doris Dragović
- Portugal 1966: “Ele e ela” by Madalena Iglésias
- Monaco 1971: “Un banc, un arbre, une rue” by Séverine
- Netherlands 1965: “‘t Is genoeg” by Conny Vandenbos
- Portugal 1988: “Voltarei” by Dora
- Luxembourg 1978: “Parlez-vous français ?” (English version) by Baccara (performed by Dana International)
- Sweden 1983: “Främling” by Carola
- Russia 2000: “Solo” by Alsou
- Malta 2001: “Another Summer Night” by Fabrizio Faniello
- Luxembourg 1967: “L’amour est bleu” by Vicky Leandros (performed by Marie Myriam)
- United Kingdom 1975: “Let Me Be the One” by The Shadows (performed by Richard Herrey)
- Denmark 1989: “Vi maler byen rød” by Birthe Kjær (performed by Tomas Thordarson)
Eurovision winners medley
- Israel 1979: “Hallelujah” (English version) by Gali Atari (of Milk and Honey)
- Norway 1985: “La det swinge” by Bobbysocks!
- Luxembourg 1972: “Après toi” by Anne-Marie David
- Switzerland 1956: “Refrain” by Lys Assia
- Italy 1964: “Non ho l’età” by Gigliola Cinquetti (performed by Sandra Kim)
- United Kingdom 1981: “Making Your Mind Up” by Bucks Fizz (Cheryl Baker, Mike Nolan and Shelley Preston)
- France 1976: “Un, deux, trois” by Catherine Ferry
- United Kingdom 1972: “Beg, Steal or Borrow” by The New Seekers
- United Kingdom 1961: “Are You Sure?” by The Allisons
- Spain 1979: “Su canción” by Betty Missiego
- Germany 1987: “Lass die Sonne in dein Herz” by Wind
- France 1991: “Le Dernier qui a parlé…” by Amina
- Germany 1981: “Johnny Blue” by Lena Valaitis
- Israel 1982: “Hora” by Avi Toledano
- Switzerland 1963: “T’en va pas” by Esther Ofarim
- Spain 1995: “Vuelve conmigo” by Anabel Conde
- Switzerland 1958: “Giorgio” by Lys Assia
- Iceland 1999: “All Out of Luck” by Selma
- France 1990: “White and Black Blues” by Joëlle Ursull
- Sweden 1966: “Nygammal vals” by Lill Lindfors and Svante Thuresson
- Denmark 2001: “Never Ever Let You Go” by Rollo and King
- Norway 1996: “I evighet” by Elisabeth Andreassen
Medley “backing vocals”
A total of thirty-five countries broadcast the event, but only thirty-one participated in the voting.
|Austria||ORF||ORF 2[a]||Elisabeth Engstler and Christian Ludwig|||
|RTBF||La Une, RTBF Sat||Jean-Pierre Hautier|||
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||PBSBiH||Unknown||Unknown|
|Finland||YLE||YLE TV2||Jaana Pelkonen and Heikki Seppälä|||
|YLE Radio Suomi||Sanna Kojo|
|YLE Radio Vega||Hans Johansson|
|Germany||ARD||Südwest Fernsehen, WDR Fernsehen||Unknown|||
|Ireland||RTÉ||RTÉ Two||Marty Whelan|||
|Monaco||TMC Monte Carlo||Bernard Montiel and Yves Lecoq|||
|Netherlands||NPO||Nederland 2||Willem van Beusekom|||
|Serbia and Montenegro||RTS||Unknown||Unknown|
|Slovenia||RTV SLO||SLO 1||Mojca Mavec|||
|Spain||TVE||La Primera||José María Íñigo and Beatriz Pécker|||
|Switzerland||SRG SSR||SF 1||Unknown|||
|TSR 1||Jean-Marc Richard|
|Australia||SBS||SBS TV[b]||Marty Whelan|||
|Hungary||MR||Petőfi Rádió[c]||Erzsébet Jeney|||
|Germany||0.63 (SWR, WDR)|
Countries that have previously competed but were not involved with the broadcast or voting of the contest;
The BBC (UK), RAI (Italy) and France Télévisions chose not to broadcast the event. Søren Therkelsen, the commissioning editor of the event, said he was “disappointed” at the broadcasters’ decision not to transmit the show. The BBC chose not to carry the event as it was “too remote” for British audiences.
To coincide with the broadcast of the programme, an official compilation album for the 50th anniversary titled The Very Best of the Eurovision Song Contest (also known as Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest), was put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by CMC International on 21 October 2005. The compilation featured over 100 songs, including all Eurovision Song Contest winners from 1956 until 2005 and a selection of all-time favourites, that was divided into 2 separate double CDs: 1956–1980 and 1981–2005. The 22-page booklet includes information about the entries, contestants and venues.
• Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits (2015)
|Eurovision Song Contest’s Greatest Hits|
|Final||31 March 2015|
|Venue||Eventim Apollo, Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom|
|Musical director||David Arch|
|Executive supervisor||Jon Ola Sand|
|Executive producer||Guy Freeman|
|Host broadcaster||British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)|
|Number of entries||21 songs from 15 artists|