Spin-offs

A number of spin-offs and imitators of the Eurovision Song Contest have been produced over the years, some national and others international.

Similar competitions that are still held, include:

  • Sopot International Song Festival (1961–80, 1984–2003, 2005–09, 2012–14, 2017–), held in Sopot, Poland.
  • Östersjöfestivalen also called Baltic Song Contest (1967–present), held annually in Karlshamn, Sweden.
  • Cân i Gymru (1969–72, 1974–), held annually in Wales, was intended to be BBC Cymru’s pre-selection show when Wales expressed an interest in participating in the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest separately from the rest of the United Kingdom.
  • Caribbean Song Festival (1984–), held annually between members of the Caribbean Broadcasting Union.
  • Festivali i Këngës (1962–), held annually in Tirana, Albania, has been used to select Albania’s entry for the Eurovision Song Contest since 2003.
  • Golden Stag Festival (1968–71, 1992–97, 2001–05, 2008–09, 2018–), held annually in Brasov, Romania.
  • Liet International (2002–), an annual competition between European ethnic minorities and minority language speakers. First held in Friesland.
  • Junior Eurovision Song Contest (2003–), for European artists under the age of 15.
  • Asia Song Festival (2004–), held annually in South Korea.
  • ABU Song Festivals (2012–), two Asia-Pacific versions, the biennial ABU Radio Song Festival and the annual ABU TV Song Festival.
  • AfriMusic Song Contest (2018–), an annual competition with African artists.

Similar competitions that are proposed or in development, include:

  • Eurovision Asia Song Contest (TBD), Asian counterpart with members of the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union.
  • American Song Contest (TBD), upcoming United States counterpart with American artists from across 50 states.

Similar competitions that are no longer held, include:

  • Castlebar Song Contest (1966–86, 1988), held annually in Castlebar, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • Yamaha Music Festival, also called World Popular Song Festival (1970–87, 1989), held in Tokyo, Japan.
  • OTI Festival (1972–98, 2000), competed and hosted by Portugal, Spain and the countries of the Americas. Countries could only sing in Spanish and Portuguese.
  • Intervision Song Contest (1977–80, 2008), originally held by the Eastern Bloc countries of Europe and Finland. Now held by Post-Soviet states and members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
  • MGP Nordic (2002, 2006–09), for artists under the age of 16 in Scandinavia and Finland.
  • World Oriental Music Festival (2005), includes participants from Europe and Asia.[citation needed]
  • Bundesvision Song Contest (2005–15), held annually between the 16 states of Germany.
  • Turkvision Song Contest (2013–15), an annual competition that launched in December 2013, for countries and autonomous regions that have Turkic links.

In Autumn 2005, the EBU organised a special programme to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Contest. The show, entitled Congratulations (after Cliff Richard’s entry for the United Kingdom in 1968) was held in Copenhagen, and featured many artists from the last 50 years of the Contest. A telephone vote was held to determine the most popular Eurovision song of all-time, which was won by ABBA’s “Waterloo” (winner, Sweden 1974).