Partecipazioni – Ordine di esordio dei partecipanti per anno (Participation)

(en) Participation. Active members (as opposed to associate members) of the European Broadcasting Union are eligible to participate; active members are those who are located in states that fall within the European Broadcasting Area, or are member states of the Council of Europe. Active members include media organisations whose broadcasts are often made available to at least 98% of households in their own country which are equipped to receive such transmissions. Associate member broadcasters may be eligible to compete, dependent on approval by the contest’s Reference Group.

The European Broadcasting Area is defined by the International Telecommunication Union as encompassing the geographical area between the boundary of ITU Region 1 in the west, the meridian 40° East of Greenwich in the east, and parallel 30° North in the south. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, and the territory of Ukraine, Iraq, Jordan and Syria lying outside these limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.

Eligibility to participate in the contest is therefore not limited to countries in Europe, as several states geographically outside the boundaries of the continent or which span more than one continent are included in the Broadcasting Area. Countries from these groups have taken part in past editions, including countries in Western Asia such as Israel and Cyprus, countries which span Europe and Asia like Russia and Turkey, and North African countries such as Morocco.[19] Australia became the first country to participate from outside the European Broadcasting Area in 2015, following an invitation by the contest’s Reference Group. 

EBU members who wish to participate must fulfil conditions as laid down in the rules of the contest, a separate copy of which is drafted annually. A maximum of 44 countries can take part in any one contest. Broadcasters must have paid the EBU a participation fee in advance to the deadline specified in the rules for the year in which they wish to participate; this fee is different for each country based on its size and viewership. 1 PDF, 2 PDF, 3 PDF

Map showing the European Broadcasting Area in red


Participation since 1956

Participation since 1956: Green – Entered at least once; Yellow – Never entered, although eligible to do so; Red: Entry intended, but later withdrew; Green Light – Competed as a part of another country, but never as a sovereign country 

Participants in the Eurovision Song Contest, coloured by decade of debut

Fifty-two countries have participated at least once. These are listed here alongside the year in which they made their debut:

La tabella riassume per anno l’esordio di ciascun paese nella manifestazione:

Year Country making its debut entry
1956 Belgio Belgio, Francia Francia, Germania OvestGermania (1956 Germania OvestGermania Ovest)a , Italia, Lussemburgo Lussemburgo, Paesi Bassi Paesi Bassi, Svizzera Svizzera
1957 Austria Austria, Danimarca Danimarca, Regno Unito
1958 Svezia Svezia
1959 Monaco Monaco
1960 Norvegia Norvegia
1961 Finlandia Finlandia, Jugoslavia Jugoslaviab, Spagna Spagna (1961 Flag of Spain (1945–1977).svgSpagna franchista)
1964 Flag of Portugal.svg Portogallo (1964 Flag of Portugal.svg Estado Novo)
1965 Irlanda Irlanda
1971 Malta Malta
1973 Israele Israele
1974 Grecia Grecia (1979 State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Regno di Grecia)
1975 Turchia Turchia 
1980 Marocco Marocco
1981 Cipro Cipro
1986 Islanda Islanda
1993 Bosnia ed Erzegovina Bosnia ed Erzegovina (1999 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1998).svg Repubblica di Bosnia ed Erzegovina), Croazia Croazia, Slovenia Slovenia

(1992 Repubblica Federale di Jugoslavia)

1994 Estonia Estonia, Lituania Lituania, Polonia Polonia, Romania Romania, Russia Russia, Slovacchia Slovacchia, Ungheria Ungheria
1996 Macedonia del Nord Macedonia del Nord (2018 Macedonia del Nord ERI di Macedonia)c
2000 Lettonia Lettonia
2003 Ucraina Ucraina
2004 Albania Albania, Andorra Andorra, Bielorussia Bielorussia,  Serbia e Montenegro
2005 Bulgaria Bulgaria, Moldavia Moldavia
2006 Armenia Armenia
2007 Georgia Georgia, Montenegro Montenegro, Rep. Ceca Repubblica CecadSerbia Serbia
2008 Azerbaigian Azerbaigian, San Marino San Marino
2015 Australia Australiae
  • a) Represented West Germany until 1990; East Germany never competed. Presented on all occasions as ‘Germany’, except in 1967 as ‘Federal Republic of Germany’, in 1970 and 1976 as ‘West Germany’, and in 1990 as ‘F.R. Germany’.
  • b) Represented the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 1991, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
  • c) Presented as the ‘Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ before 2019. 
  • d) Presented as ‘Czechia’ from 2023.
  • e) Initially announced as a one-off participant to commemorate the contest’s 60th anniversary; has since gained participation rights until 2023.

Number of entries.

Year Country City Total Final Semifinals
2023 United Kingdom Liverpool 37 26 16, 15
2022 Italy Turin 40 25 18, 17
2021 The Netherlands Rotterdam 39 26 17, 16
2019 Israel Tel Aviv 41 26 18, 17
2018 Portugal Lisbon 43 26 18, 19
2017 Ukraine Kyiv 42 26 18, 18
2016 Sweden Stockholm 42 26 18, 18
2015 Austria Vienna 40 27 17, 16
2014 Denmark Copenhagen 37 26 15, 16
2013 Sweden Malmö 39 26 17, 16
2012 Azerbaijan Baku 42 26 18, 18
2011 Germany Düsseldorf 43 25 19, 19
2010 Norway Oslo 39 25 17, 17
2009 Russia Moscow 42 25 19, 18
2008 Serbia Belgrade 43 25 19, 19
2007 Finland Helsinki 42 24 28
2006 Greece Athen 37 24 23
2005 Ukraine Kiev 39 24 25
2004 Turkey Istanbul 36 24 22
2003 Latvia Riga 26 26
2002 Estonia Tallin 24 24
2001 Denmark Copenhagen 23 23
2000 Sweden Stockholm 24 24
1999 Israel Jerusalem 23 23
1998 United Kingdom Birmingham 25 25
1997 Ireland Dublin 25 25
1996 Norway Oslo 23 23
1995 Ireland Dublin 23 23
1994 Ireland Dublin 25 25
1993 Ireland Millstreet 25 25
1992 Sweden Malmö 23 23
1991 Italy Rome 22 22
1990 Yugoslavia Zagreb 22 22
1989 Switzerland Lausanne 22 22
1988 Ireland Dublin 21 21
1987 Belgium Brussels 22 22
1986 Norway Bergen 20 20
1985 Sweden Gothenburg 19 19
1984 Luxembourg Luxembourg 19 19
1983 Germany Munich 20 20
1982 United Kingdom Harrogate 18 18
1981 Ireland Dublin 20 20
1980 The Netherlands The Hague 19 19
1979 Israel Jerusalem 19 19
1978 France Paris 20 20
1977 United Kingdom London 18 18
1976 The Netherlands The Hague 18 18
1975 Sweden Stockholm 19 19
1974 United Kingdom Brighton 17 17
1973 Luxembourg Luxembourg 17 17
1972 United Kingdom Edinburgh 18 18
1971 Ireland Dublin 18 18
1970 The Netherlands Amsterdam 12 12
1969 Spain Madrid 16 16
1968 United Kingdom London 17 17
1967 Austria Vienna 17 17
1966 Luxembourg Luxembourg 18 18
1965 Italy Naples 18 18
1964 Denmark Copenhagen 16 16
1963 United Kingdom London 16 16
1962 Luxembourg Luxembourg 16 16
1961 France Cannes 16 16
1960 United Kingdom London 13 13
1959 France Cannes 11 11
1958 The Netherlands Hilversum 10 10
1957 Germany Frankfurt 10 10
1956 Switzerland Lugano 14 14

The number of entries is identical to the number of countries participated in the show except for the year 1956 where every country had two entries.

Number of participations.

Country Total Finals Semifinals
Germany 66 66 0
France 65 65 0
United Kingdom 65 65 0
Belgium 64 54 18
Netherlands 63 53 18
Switzerland 63 52 18
Spain 62 62 0
Sweden 62 61 14
Norway 61 58 16
Finland 56 48 18
Ireland 56 45 17
Austria 55 48 13
Portugal 54 45 16
Denmark 51 44 17
Italy 48 48 0
Israel 45 38 17
Greece 43 40 16
Cyprus 39 32 17
Luxembourg 37 37 0
Iceland 35 27 18
Malta 35 26 17
Turkey 34 33 7
Croatia 28 19 16
Estonia 28 18 19
Slovenia 28 16 19
Yugoslavia* 27 27 0
Poland 25 16 16
Monaco 24 21 3
Russia 23 22 12
Romania 23 19 15
Lithuania 23 16 18
Latvia 23 10 18
North Macedonia 21 9 18
Bosnia & Herzegovina 19 18 8
Albania 19 11 18
Ukraine 18 18 13
Moldova 18 13 17
Hungary 17 14 13
Belarus 16 6 16
Azerbaijan 15 13 14
Armenia 15 12 14
Serbia 15 12 14
Georgia 15 7 15
Bulgaria 14 5 14
San Marino 13 3 13
Montenegro 12 2 12
Czechia 11 5 11
Australia 8 7 7
Slovakia 7 3 4
Andorra 6 0 6
Serbia & Montenegro* 2 2 1
Marocco 1 1 0

*: The Country does not exist any longer. 

The number of participations is identical to the number of entries for all countries except for Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and Switzerland.

These countries took part in the first ESC 1956 where every country had two entries.

European Broadcasting Area. The European Broadcasting Area (EBA) is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as such: “The “European Broadcasting Area” is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and those parts of the territories of Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.” 

The EBA includes territory outside Europe, and excludes some territory that is part of the European continent. For example, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia were defined as outside the EBA borders until 2007. After the EBA was expanded by the 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) to include those three countries, the only ITU member state with territory in Europe while remaining outside the EBA is Kazakhstan.

The boundaries of the European Broadcasting Area have their origin in the regions served and linked by telegraphy cables in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The European Broadcasting Area plays a part in the definition of eligibility for active membership in the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and thus participation in the Eurovision Song Contest. As of February 2022, the European Broadcasting Union has 66 members from 55 countries, 31 associates from 20 countries, and 8 approved participants.

List of countries and territories within the EBA. 

ITU member states. 

  •  Albania
  •  Algeria[a]
  •  Andorra
  •  Armenia
  •  Austria
  •  Azerbaijan
  •  Belarus[b]
  •  Belgium
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Croatia
  •  Cyprus
  •  Czech Republic
  •  Denmark[c]
  •  Egypt[a]
  •  Estonia
  •  Finland
  •  France[d]
  •  Georgia
  •  Germany
  •  Greece
  •  Hungary
  •  Iceland
  •  Iraq[e]
  •  Ireland
  •  Israel[a]
  •  Italy
  •  Jordan
  •  Latvia
  •  Lebanon
  •  Libya[a]
  •  Liechtenstein[e]
  •  Lithuania
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Malta
  •  Moldova
  •  Monaco
  •  Montenegro
  •  Morocco[a]
  •  Netherlands[f]
  •  North Macedonia
  •  Norway[g]
  •  Poland
  •  Portugal
  •  Romania
  •  Russia[a][b]
  •  San Marino
  •  Saudi Arabia[a][e]
  •  Serbia
  •  Slovakia
  •  Slovenia
  •  Spain[h]
  •  Sweden
  •  Switzerland
  •  Syria[i]
  •  Tunisia
  •  Turkey
  •  Ukraine
  •  United Kingdom[j]
  •   Vatican City

Former ITU member states. 

  •  Czechoslovakia[b]
  •  East Germany
  •  Serbia and Montenegro[b]
  •  Soviet Union[a]
  •  Yugoslavia[b]


  1. a^ a b c d e f g h Partially outside the EBA.
  2. b^ a b c d e Formerly a member of the EBU.
  3. c^ Greenland is outside the EBA.
  4. d^ Overseas regions and territories are outside the EBA.
  5. e^ a b c Not a member of the EBU.
  6. f^ Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are outside the EBA.
  7. g^ Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land are outside the EBA.
  8. h^ The Canary Islands are outside the EBA.
  9. i^ Associate member of the EBU.
  10. j^ The British Overseas Territories, except Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Gibraltar, are outside the EBA.

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition. The following jurisdictions also rest inside the EBA borders, but cannot join the ITU or EBU due their dependent status or limited recognition:

Dependent territories.

  •  Akrotiri and Dhekelia, overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  •  Faroe Islands, constituent country of Denmark.
  •  Gibraltar, overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  •  Guernsey, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
  •  Isle of Man, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
  •  Jersey, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.

States with limited recognition.

  •  Abkhazia, claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.
  •  Artsakh, claimed as part of Azerbaijan.
  •  Kosovo, claimed as an autonomous province of Serbia.
  •  Northern Cyprus, claimed as part of Cyprus.
  •  Palestine, disputed by Israel.
  •  South Ossetia, claimed as part of Georgia.
  •  Transnistria, claimed as a territorial unit of Moldova.

Companies in the European Broadcasting Area. 

Overview. The members of the European Broadcasting Union are able to provide their audience with a variety of channels in different countries. Every country included in the European Broadcasting Area consists of different companies that spread the news to the public in a multitude of ways. Below are some countries and the companies that deliver information and entertainment to their viewers in the European Broadcasting Area.


Algeria. The companies in Algeria are Etablissement Public de Radiodiffusion Sonore, Etablissment Public de Télévision Algérienne, and Télédiffusion d’Algérie. The Etablissement Public de Radiodiffusion Sonore is the main radio company in Algeria. It consists of three different radio stations that transmit programs talking about regional, local, or international life related to Algerian nationalism. There are three different radio national channels because each one transmits programs in different languages. The first channel transmits information in Arabic while the second and third channel use the French language. The Etablissment Public de Télévision Algérienne is the main television company in Algeria. The company’s main motive is the same as Algeria’s radio company which is to educate and entertain their audience with programs about regional, local, and international life along with current events from around the world. The company transmits their channel to Europe, North Africa, and parts of the Middle East. The Télédiffusion d’Algérie is in charge of distributing radio and television channels and programs through technological advancements.

Belgium. In Belgium, the companies are Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française and Vlaamse Radio en Televisieomroep. Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française (RTBF) is a public corporation that is focused on the needs of French speaking Belgian citizens and their aspiration is to educate and entertain their audience. Their ways of distributing information are four television channels, six radio stations, their webpage, and social networks. The Vlaamse Radio en Televisieomroep is a public service broadcasting company for Flemish people. Their focus is to provide information about the Flemish culture and identity in an open and diverse way. The company consists of a few radio stations and television news and sports programs.

Denmark. In Denmark, the companies are Danmarks Radio and TV 2 DANMARK. Danmarks Radio (DR) is the oldest Danish Broadcasting Corporation in Denmark with regard to electronic media business. Danmarks Radio broadcasts information about news and entertainment through six television channels, nine radio channels, orchestras, and apps. TV 2 DANMARK is a government-owned company and is Denmark’s most watched channel with a number of sister channels.

Ireland. The companies in Ireland are Raidió Teilifís Éireann and TG4. Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) is a public media organization in Ireland that grants their audience extensive multi-media services. RTÉ distributes their programs over seven television channels, nine radio stations, and their website. TG4 is a television channel known for its use of the Irish language. TV3 is an independent channel that is available on every television in Ireland with an average of 650,000 people tuning in to watch it a day.

France. Some of the companies in France are France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, and Radio France. France Télévisions is a television company owned by the government. It became France Télévisions with the consolidation of the television channels France 2, France 3, France 4, France 5, and France Ô. France Médias Monde controls France 24, RFI, and Monte Carlo Doualiya. The company is an international broadcasting service that transmits from the South of France to different parts of the world. France 24 is the international news channel, RFI is the international radio station, and Monte Carlo Doualiya is an Arab-speaking radio station. Radio France is a national broadcasting company made up of seven other channels and forty-four local stations.

Germany. Some of the companies in Germany are Deutsche Welle, Deutschland Radio, Rundfunk Berlin- Brandenburg, Saarländischer Rundfunk, and Südwestrundfunk. Deutsche Welle (DW) is Germany’s international broadcasting service. DW is made up of six channels that transmit in 30 different languages internationally. Deutschland Radio is the German radio that consists of three programs. The German radio is a sign of nationalism because Germany did not have radio like other countries. The three programs are Germany Spark, Germany Kultur, and DRadio Knowledge. Germany Spark focuses on broadcasting information and is based in Cologne. Germany Kultur focuses on culture in the nation. Dradio Knowledge is an entertainment program that broadcasts pop culture news and music. Rundfunk Berlin- Brandenburg (RBB) is a merger of Sander Freies Berlin (SFB) company and the East German Rundfunk Brandenburg (ORB). RBB consists of broadcasting information through television and radio channels. Saarländischer Rundfunk (SR) is a radio and television company in Germany. SR consists of four radio stations and three television programs. Südwestrundfunk (SWR) is a public media company with many radio and television programs. The SWR programs consist of SWR1, SWR 2, SWR 3, SWR 4, SWRinfo, DASDING, and SWR Classic.

The Netherlands. In the Netherlands, some companies are KRO-NCRV, NTR, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, Nerderlandse Publieke Omroep, and Omroep MAX. KRO-NCRV is a collaboration broadcaster made up of the association of KRO and the NCRV association. The company provides their audience with information about their society, their culture, and social needs. NTR an independent public service broadcaster that provides their viewers with unique programs. Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) is a television company that transmits national Dutch news and international news. NOS provides the Dutch viewers with information about news, sports, and events with a number of television programs. Nerderlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO) is a public service broadcaster for any who wants to watch or listen. NPO broadcasts through television and radio programs and social media. Omroep MAX is a public broadcasting service specially designed with programs for people of 50 years of age and older.

Sweden. In Sweden, the companies are Sveriges Radio Ab, Sverieges Television Sb, Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company. Sveriges Radio Ab (SR) is an independent radio company for the Swedish population. The company consists of 13 radio stations that broadcasts different information. Radio station P1 is for qualified news, P2 is for classical, jazz, and folk music, P3 is for mostly for the young adults with a variety of programs, P4 is for national and international news and pop music, etc. Sverieges Television Ab (SVT) is Sweden’s public service television company. SVT consists of four channels which are SVT1, SVT2, SVT24, and SVT Barn/Kunskapskanalen. Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company (UR) is in collaboration with SR and SVT and focuses on broadcasting educational programs.

United Kingdom. The United Kingdom’s companies are BBC, S4C (in the Welsh language), STV (in parts of Scotland), and the United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting.

Production in the EU and UK. Production figures in the European Union + the United Kingdom for TV fiction in 2015–2016, are:

TV fiction titles
Country Percentage from EU Average number of productions
 Germany 36% 335.5
 France 17% 152.5
 United Kingdom 12% 112.5
 Netherlands 5% 44.5
 Italy 4% 40.5
 Spain 4% 39
 Poland 26.5
 Czech 22
 Sweden 21
 Austria 17.5
 Finland 17
 Belgium 16.5
 Greece 13.5
 Ireland 11
 Portugal 11
Others 42

ADMISSION. Belonging to the EBU.

There are three ways of belonging to the EBU: as a Member, as an Associate and as an Approved Participant. To belong to the EBU, an applicant has to be established in a member country of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

MEMBERS. EBU Membership is open to authorized broadcasting organizations from countries which are either within the European Broadcasting Area (as defined by the ITU) or, if their country is outside that area, are members of the Council of Europe. The EBU represents and defends the interests of its Members within all spheres and by any appropriate means. In essence, individual membership implies an obligation to provide varied and balanced programming for all sections of the population. Further, more detailed criteria are defined in the EBU Statutes under Articles 3.2 to 3.7 and the Regulation on Detailed Membership Criteria.

ASSOCIATES. Associates of the EBU are broadcasting organizations or groups thereof from a member country of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) outside the European Broadcasting Area which provide a radio and/or television service with a major role in national broadcasting and whose membership is deemed useful for the EBU. The EBU, where possible, represents and defends it Associates in every domain and by any appropriate means. Further information can be found with the EBU Statutes (Article 3.14). Some Associates belong to the EBU as well as their regional sister union of the EBU.

APPROVED PARTICIPANTS. Approved Participants are organizations which have an activity in the broadcasting field though are not necessarily broadcasters themselves, and which do not qualify to be either Members or Associates, but whose participation in EBU activities is nonetheless considered useful to the EBU (Article 4 of the EBU Statutes). Access to certain services may also be granted on a contractual basis.

JOINING THE EBU. To join, applicants must prove that they meet all the membership criteria, by submitting a point-by-point application on a form which is available (in English or French) from our Legal Department. Applications for membership may be submitted at any time, consultations are then held within the relevant EBU bodies. The length of the admission process depends on the schedule of the bodies’ meetings as well as the completeness of the application documentation.

FEES. Annual membership fees and subscriptions are calculated according to factors that take into account the Member’s relative financial status. Each new Member pays a one-off joiner’s fee.

(it) Partecipazioni. 

Europa. In Europa la maggioranza degli Stati ha preso parte almeno una volta all’Eurovision Song Contest, tuttavia alcuni di essi si sono ritirati dalla manifestazione per differenti motivi, e questi stati sono: AndorraBosnia ed ErzegovinaBulgariaMacedonia del NordMontenegroPrincipato di MonacoSlovacchiaUngheria e Turchia.

Gli unici Stati sovrani europei a non aver ancora partecipato sono la Città del Vaticano e il Liechtenstein. Di quest’ultimo era previsto l’esordio nell’edizione del 2019, in occasione dei 300 anni del principato, non avvenuto a causa della morte del direttore dell’emittente 1 FL TV, Peter Kölbel.

Africa. L’unico Stato africano ad aver preso parte al concorso è stato il Marocco, nella sola edizione del 1980.

La Tunisia avrebbe dovuto prender parte all’edizione del 1977, tuttavia si è ritirata senza ragioni ufficiali.

America. Nessun Paese americano ha preso parte direttamente all’Eurovision Song Contest.

Il Canada ha preso parte a due edizioni dell’Eurovision Young Dancers, tuttavia nessuna sua emittente è un membro effettivo dell’UER, e inoltre il Paese non ha manifestato particolare interesse nell’ESC, anche se è degna di nota la vittoria della cantante canadese Céline Dion per la Svizzera nel 1988.

Nel 2021, il cantante americano Flo Rida avrebbe partecipato insieme a Senhit, per San Marino con la canzone Adrenalina, arrivando ventiduesimi.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno trasmesso l’evento per la prima volta nel 2016, inoltre sono stati invitati Justin Timberlake a esibirsi come interval act nella finale dell’edizione 2016 e Madonna nel 2019. Molti eurofan hanno individuato un parallelo con l’Australia; infatti la cantante australiana Jessica Mauboy si era esibita durante l’edizione del 2014, anticipando l’esordio dell’anno successivo, ma è pur vero che in Australia l’evento sia molto seguito da tempo. 

Asia. Nessuno dei Paesi asiatici, eccetto Israele, ha mai preso finora parte alla manifestazione. Il Libano ha tentato di partecipare nel 2005, ma dopo il rifiuto di trasmettere l’esibizione di Shiri Maimon, rappresentante israeliana, è stato costretto a ritirarsi.

Nel 1987 l’Unione Sovietica tentò la partecipazione, ma fu ritenuta un’idea troppo radicale e vicina all’Occidente. Solo dopo il crollo dell’URSS, la Russia e le altre nazioni del blocco orientale hanno preso parte alla manifestazione. L’ultimo esordio è stato quello dell’Azerbaigian (2008).

Il Qatar ha espresso interesse nella partecipazione, ma trovandosi fuori dall’area UER è difficile che possa esordire.

Il Kazakistan, che tramite Khabar TV è entrato a far parte dell’UER nel 2016 e ha esordito allo Junior Eurovision 2018 come il Galles, sembra essere interessato, ma non ci sono notizie riguardanti il suo ingresso nella manifestazione.

La Cina ha mandato in onda l’ESC per la prima volta nel 2015 e ha successivamente mostrato interesse per l’edizione 2016, ma la sua partecipazione è considerata improbabile in quanto fuori dall’area UER.

Oceania. Dal 2015 partecipa, in qualità di Paese invitato, l’Australia, dove l’evento è trasmesso dal 1983. Essendo la SBS un membro associato dell’Unione europea di radiodiffusione, in caso di vittoria l’Australia non potrà organizzare la manifestazione nell’isola oceanica, tuttavia avrà la possibilità di collaborare con un’emittente attiva nel consorzio pubblico europeo.

Stati non sovrani. La Scozia, il Galles e Gibilterra hanno tentato la partecipazione all’Eurovision Song Contest, possibilità però impedita essendo essi parte del Regno Unito (BBC). Il Galles ha tuttavia esordito all’Eurovision Choir of the Year 2017 e ha partecipato al Junior Eurovision Song Contest nel 2018 e nel 2019, mentre la Scozia ha esordito all’Eurovision Choir 2019 di Göteborg.

La Groenlandia (KNR) e le isole Fær Øer (KVF) hanno a loro volta tentato di entrar a far parte dell’UER per partecipare alla manifestazione, ma essendo parte del Regno di Danimarca (DR) non ne è stato programmato l’ingresso separatamente dalla nazione scandinava.

La Catalogna (TVC) rispetta effettivamente i criteri per entrare a far parte dell’Unione europea di radiodiffusione in quanto l’emittente televisiva è considerata un membro indipendente dell’ITU. Tuttavia l’assemblea dell’UER ha rifiutato nel 2019 il suo ingresso, rendendo impossibile l’esordio al concorso.

Il Kosovo è un altro dei più papabili esordienti. Tuttavia, visto lo status del Paese e il suo parziale riconoscimento, è stato necessario che l’UER si riunisse per deliberare in merito. Il voto finale sull’ingresso dell’emittente kosovara Radio Televizioni i Kosovës (RTK) nel mese di giugno del 2019 ha negato alla televisione di diventare membro dell’UER. Lo Stato ha però preso parte all’Eurovision Young Dancers nel 2011.