- Dates – Grand Final: Saturday, 07 April 1973 – 20:00 CET
- Host – Venue & Location: Nouveau Théâtre (Grand Théâtre de Luxembourg, Théâtre Municipal de la Ville de Luxembourg), Luxembourg, 🇱🇺 Luxembourg
- Presenter (s): Helga Guitton
- Musical Director: Pierre Cao
- Director: René Steichen
- Executive Producer: Paul Ulveling
- Executive Supervisor: Clifford Brown
- Multicamera Director: Pierre Cao
- Host broadcaster: Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT) / RTL
- Opening Act: Pierre Cao and the orchestra performing “Après toi” to a montage of views of Luxembourg and behind the scenes.
- Interval Act: Charlie Rivel
- Participants – Number of entries: 17 [🇧🇪 Belgium (18ª), 🇫🇷 France (18ª), 🇩🇪 Germany (18ª), 🇮🇹 Italy (18ª), 🇳🇱 The Netherlands (18ª), 🇨🇭 Switzerland (18ª), 🇬🇧 United Kingdom (16ª), 🇲🇨 Monaco (15ª), 🇪🇸 Spain (13ª), Yugoslavia (13ª), 🇮🇪 Ireland (9ª), 🇱🇺 Luxembourg (17ª), 🇫🇮 Finland (12ª), 🇳🇴 Norway (13ª), 🇵🇹 Portugal (9ª), 🇸🇪 Sweden (14ª), 🇮🇱 Israel (1ª)]
- Debuting countries: 🇮🇱 Israel (1ª)
- Return: —
- Non-returning countries: 🇲🇹 Malta (2ª), 🇦🇹 Austria (15ª)
- Nil Points: —
- Vote – Voting system: Two-member juries (one aged 16 to 25 and the other 25 to 55) rated songs between one and five points.
- Winning song: “Tu te reconnaîtras” – Anne-Marie David – 🇱🇺 Luxembourg (4ª)
About. After hosting the Eurovision Song Contest in 1962 and 1966, it was Luxembourg’s third occasion to show the best of Europe’s music to millions of viewers. The big favourite to win was yet again Cliff Richard representing the United Kingdom, but the host nation Luxembourg took the trophy.
Israel joins the family. For the third time in the 18-year-old history of the Eurovision Song Contest, Luxembourg had the honour of hosting the event with 17 nations present. After ending up in last position two years in a row, Malta decided to withdraw from the contest. Austria decided not to participate either. Instead, a new country joined the song contest, Israel. It was the first non-European country to enter the contest. Israel was allowed to do so because the country was already a member of the European Broadcasting Union. With the Israelis participating, the security control was unusually tight and special security measures were put in place for the Israeli delegation. Another important rule change for the 1973 Eurovision Song Contest was that the participants could choose the language in which they wanted to sing their songs. This rule remained in place until 1976 before being re-introduced in 1999.
Luxembourg does the double. The Spanish, entry “Eres Tú” performed by Mocedades was accused of plagiarism. It was suggested by critics that the song was merely a copy of the Yugoslav entry of 1966, “Brez Besed” performed by Berta Ambroz. No action was taken though and the Spanish entry became a huge international hit, even outselling the winner “Tu Te Reconnaitras” by Anne-Marie David. Luxembourg became the first country in the history of the competition to win the contest twice in a row. The winning performer, Anne-Marie David, tried her luck again in 1979 when she competed for France and came third. She is one of the few artists who ended up in the top-3 with all appearances in the Eurovision Song Contest.
Facts & figures. Cliff Richard sang for the United Kingdom for the second time and came in third, one place worse than in 1968; Sweden’s Monique Dominique became the first woman to conduct the orchestra. Nurit Hirsch, the female conductor for Israel, followed her a few minutes later.
|o/r||country||participant (s)||song – translate – Language||Points||rank|
|01||🇫🇮 Finland YLE||Marion Rung||Tom Tom Tom English||093||06|
|02||🇧🇪 Belgium BRT||Nicole & Hugo||Baby, baby Dutch[a]||058||17|
|03||🇵🇹 Portugal RTP||Fernando Tordo||Tourada (Bullfight) Portuguese||080||10|
|04||🇩🇪 Germany ARD||Gitte||Junger tag (Young day) German||085||08|
|05||🇳🇴 Norway NRK||Bendik Singers||It’s just a game (Å for et spill) English, French[b]||089||07|
|06||🇲🇨 Monaco TMC||Marie||Un train qui part (A train that leaves) French||085||08|
|07||🇪🇸 Spain TVE||Mocedades||Eres tú (It’s you) Spanish||125||02|
|08||🇨🇭 Switzerland SSR SRG||Patrick Juvet||Je vais me marier, Marie (I’m getting married, Marie) French||079||12|
|09||Yugoslavia JRT||Zdravko Čolić (Здравко Чолић)||Gori vatra (Гори ватра, The fire is burning) Serbo-Croatian||065||15|
|10||🇮🇹 Italy RAI||Massimo Ranieri||Chi sarà con te (Who will be with you) Italian||074||13|
|11||🇱🇺 Luxembourg CLT||Anne-Marie David||Tu te reconnaîtras (You will recognise yourself) French||129||01|
|12||🇸🇪 Sweden SR||The Nova and The Dolls||You’re summer [Sommar’n som aldrig säger nej (Your Summer (You Never Tell Me No)] English||094||05|
|13||🇳🇱 The Netherlands NOS||Ben Cramer||De oude muzikant (The old musician) Dutch||069||14|
|14||🇮🇪 Ireland RTÉ||Maxi||Do I dream? English||080||10|
|15||🇬🇧 United Kindom BBC||Cliff Richard||Power to all our friends English||123||03|
|16||🇫🇷 France ORTF||Martine Clémenceau||Sans toi (Without you) French||065||15|
|17||🇮🇱 Israel IBA||Ilanit (חנה)||Ey sham (אי שם, Somewhere) Hebrew||097||04|
• 🇲🇹 Malta: “?” () – ?. Malta was drawn to perform in 6th place between Norway and Monaco, but the Maltese broadcaster withdrew before the deadline to select an entry.
Participating countries Countries that participated in the past but not in 1973
The Eurovision Song Contest 1973 was the 18th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, following the country’s victory at the 1972 contest with the song “Après toi” by Vicky Leandros. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion (CLT), the contest was held at the Grand Théâtre on 7 April 1973 and was hosted by German television presenter Helga Guitton.
Seventeen countries took part in the contest this year, with Austria and Malta deciding not to participate, and Israel competing for the first time.
In a back-to-back victory, Luxembourg won the contest again with the song “Tu te reconnaîtras” by Anne-Marie David. The voting was a very close one, with Spain with “Eres tú” by Mocedades finishing only 4 points behind and the United Kingdom with “Power to All Our Friends” by Cliff Richard (who had come second in 1968 just behind Spain) another 2 points further back. The winning song scored the highest score ever achieved in Eurovision under any voting format until 1975, recording 129 points out of a possible 160, which represented almost 81% of the possible maximum. This was partly due to a scoring system which guaranteed all countries at least two points from each country.
1.Location. Luxembourg City is a commune with city status, and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is located at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse Rivers in southern Luxembourg. The city contains the historic Luxembourg Castle, established by the Franks in the Early Middle Ages, around which a settlement developed.
The Grand Théâtre de Luxembourg, inaugurated in 1964 as the Théâtre Municipal de la Ville de Luxembourg, became the venue for the 1973 contest. It is the city’s major venue for drama, opera and ballet.
2.Format. The language rule forcing countries to enter songs sung in any of their national languages was dropped this year, so performers from some countries sang in English.
The orchestra was positioned on stage, behind and to the stage right of the singers, in a stacked gallery on three tiers. Giant clear tubes containing multi-coloured flowers were set on the stage left. No introductions were made for each individual entry, with the commentators providing the details of the songs and singers, speaking over a still photograph of the artists taken during the dress rehearsal shown on screen.
In light of the events that had happened during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, there were fears of a terrorist threat, particularly directed against Israel’s first-ever entrant, leading to unusually tight security for the contest. This gave rise to one of the best-known Eurovision anecdotes, frequently recounted by the UK’s long-serving commentator Terry Wogan. He recalled that the floor manager strongly advised the audience to remain seated while applauding the performances, otherwise they risked being shot by security forces.
This contest holds the record for the most watched Eurovision Song Contest in the United Kingdom, and is also the 18th most watched television show in the same country, with an estimated 21.54 million tuning in on the night. Cliff Richard represented the UK with the song “Power to All Our Friends”. He came 3rd with 123 points. The winner though was Anne-Marie David with “Tu te reconnaîtras”. In the UK it was released in English under the title “Wonderful Dream” and released on Epic. It made number 13.
2.1. Voting. Each country had two jury members, one aged between 16 and 25 and one aged between 26 and 55. They each awarded 1 to 5 points for each song (other than the song from their own country) immediately after it was performed and the votes were collected and counted as soon as they were cast. The juries watched the show on TV from the Ville du Louvigny TV Studios of CLT and appeared on screen to confirm their scores.
3.Participating countries. Seventeen nations took part in this year’s contest with Malta being drawn to perform in 6th place between Norway and Monaco, but the Maltese broadcaster withdrew before the deadline to select an entry. Austria also decided not to participate either.
3.1.Conductors. Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra. The 1973 contest marked the first time that women conducted the orchestra. Monica Dominique conducted the Swedish entry and Nurit Hirsh conducted the Israeli entry.
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Ossi Runne
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – Francis Bay
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Jorge Costa Pinto
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Günther-Eric Thöner
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Carsten Klouman
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Jean-Claude Vannier
- 🇪🇸 Spain – Juan Carlos Calderón
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Hervé Roy
- Yugoslavia – Esad Arnautalić
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Enrico Polito
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Pierre Cao
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Monica Dominique
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Colman Pearce
- 🇬🇧 United Kingdom – David Mackay
- 🇫🇷 France – Jean Claudric
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Nurit Hirsh
|Marion Rung||🇫🇮 Finland||1962|
|Cliff Richard||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||1968|
|Massimo Ranieri||🇮🇹 Italy||1971|
3.3.Participants and results.
3.4.All the national selections for Eurovision Song Contest 1973:
• National Selections in 1973:
|🇧🇪 Belgium||Eurosong 1973||Nicole & Hugo – Baby, baby|
|🇫🇮 Finland||(Finnish Selection 1973)||Marion Rung – Tom tom tom|
|🇫🇷 France||(French Selection 1973)||Martine Clemenceau – Sans toi|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Ein Lied für Luxemburg||Gitte – Junger Tag|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||(Irish Selection 1973)||Maxi – Do I dream?|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nationaal Songfestival 1973 (song selection) [f]||Ben Cramer – De oude muzikant|
|🇳🇴 Norway||Melodi Grand Prix 1973||Bendik Singers – Å for et spill|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||Grande Prémio TV da Canção 1973||Fernando Tordo – Tourada|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||Melodifestival 1973||Malta – Sommaren som aldrig säger nej|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||Concours Eurovision 1973||Patrick Juvet – Je vais me marier, Marie|
|🇬🇧 United Kingdom||A Song for Europe 1973 (song selection) [g]||Cliff Richard – Power To All Our Friends|
|Yugoslavia||Opatija Festival 1973||Zdravko Čolić – Gori vatra|
• Internal Selections in 1973:
|🇮🇱 Israel||Ilanit – Ey-sham|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Massimo Ranieri – Chi Sarà Con Te|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||Anne-Marie David – Tu Te Reconnaîtras|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Marie – Un Train Qui Part|
|🇪🇸 Spain||Mocedades – Eres Tú|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||69||4||4||2||5||5||4||5||5||5||4||7||3||5||3||6||2|
|🇬🇧 United Kingdom||123||9||6||6||7||7||8||4||8||8||5||10||9||10||9||8||9|
4.1.10 points. Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 10 points|
|3||🇱🇺 Luxembourg||🇫🇷 France, 🇨🇭 Switzerland, 🇬🇧 United Kingdom|
|🇪🇸 Spain||🇮🇪 Ireland, 🇮🇹 Italy, 🇳🇱 The Netherlands|
|2||🇬🇧 United Kingdom||🇳🇱 The Netherlands, 🇱🇺 Luxembourg|
4.2.Jury members. Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1973 contest along with the names of the two jury members who voted for their respective country. Each country announced their results in groups of three, with the final two countries voting in a group of two.
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Kristiina Kauhtio and Heikki Sarmanto
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – Unknown
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – José Calvário[c] and Teresa Silva Carvalho
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Unknown
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Inger Ann Folkvord and Johannes Bergh
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Unknown
- 🇪🇸 Spain – Teresa González and José Luis Balbín
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Paola del Medico[d] and Yor Milano
- Yugoslavia – Dušan Lekić and Ivan Antonov
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Unknown
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Unknown
- 🇸🇪 Sweden – Lena Andersson and Lars Samuelson[e]
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Unknown
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Unknown
- 🇬🇧 United Kingdom – Catherine Woodfield and Pat Williams
- 🇫🇷 France – Adeline Estragnat and Danièle Heymann
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Unknown
5.Broadcasts and commentators. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|🇧🇪 Belgium||RTB||French: Paule Herreman||–|
|BRT||Dutch: Herman Verelst|
|RTB La Première||French: André Hagon|
|BRT Radio 1||Dutch: Nand Baert and Jan Theys|
|🇫🇮 Finland||YLE TV1||Erkki Pohjanheimo||–|
|🇫🇷 france||Première Chaîne ORTF||Pierre Tchernia||–|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Deutsches Fernsehen||Hanns Verres|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||RTÉ||Frank Hall|
|RTÉ Radio||Liam Devally||–|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Israeli Television||No commentary|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Programma Nazionale||Renato Tagliani|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||RTL Télé Luxembourg||Jacques Navadic||–|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Télé Monte Carlo||Hélène Vida|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nederland 1||Pim Jacobs||–|
|🇳🇴 Norway||NRK, NRK P1||John Andreassen||–|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||I Programa||Artur Agostinho||–|
|Emissora Nacional Programa 1||Amadeu Meireles|
|🇪🇸 Spain||Primera Cadena||Julio Rico||–|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||SR TV1||Alicia Lundberg||–|
|SR P3||Ursula Richter||–|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||TV DRS||German: Theodor Haller|
|TSR||French: Georges Hardy||–|
|TSI||Italian: Giovanni Bertini|
|1e Programme||French: Robert Burnier||–|
|🇬🇧 United Kingdom||BBC1||Terry Wogan||–|
|BBC Radio 2||Pete Murray||–|
|BFBS Radio||Richard Astbury||–|
|Yugoslavia||TVB 1||Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić|
|TVZ 1||Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar|
|TVL 1||Slovene: Tomaž Terček|
|🇦🇹 Austria||FS2||Ernst Grissemann||–|
|East Germany||Deutscher Fernsehfunk||Unknown||–|
|🇭🇺 Hungary||Magyar Televízió||Unknown||–|
|🇮🇸 Iceland||Sjónvarpið||Jón O. Edwald||–|
|🇲🇹 Malta||MTV||Charles Saliba||–|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||Ankara Television||Bülend Özveren||–|
|Soviet Union||Soviet Central Television||Info themed programme presented by Alexander Kavyerznyev, only shown are performances of songs (excluding the performance of Israel, voting procedure and winning performance)||–|
6.1.Spanish song plagiarism allegation. The event was marked by controversy when the Spanish song, “Eres tú” sung by Mocedades, was accused of plagiarism due to reasonable similarities in the melody with “Brez besed” sung by Berta Ambrož, the Yugoslav entry from the 1966 contest; however, “Eres tú” was not disqualified. After finishing second in the contest, it went on to become a huge international hit.
6.2.Concerns with lyrics. The somewhat elliptical lyrics to Portugal’s entry “Tourada” provided sufficient cover for a song that was clearly understood as a blistering assault on the country’s decaying dictatorship. Also, the word “breasts” was used during Sweden’s song entry. However, no action was taken by the EBU.
6.3.Disagreements within the Irish delegation. An argument broke out between the singer Maxi and her Irish delegation over how the song should be performed. During rehearsals she repeatedly stopped performing in frustration. When it began to appear possible that Maxi might withdraw from the contest, RTÉ immediately sent over another singer, Tina Reynolds, to take her place just in case. In the end Miss Reynolds wasn’t needed as Maxi did perform, with her entry earning 10th place on the scoreboard. Reynolds would perform the following year.
- [a] Also contains some lyrics in English, Spanish and French
- [b] Also contains some lyrics in Spanish, Italian, Dutch, German, Irish, Hebrew, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian
- [c] Composer of the 1972 Portuguese entry; later conductor of the 1974, 1977, 1985, and 1988 Portuguese entries
- [d] Swiss representative at the 1969 and 1980 contests
- [e] Conductor of the 1969, 1975, and 1979 Swedish entries
- [f] Ben Cramer was internally selected to represent Netherlands at Eurovision 1973. The song “De Oude Muzikant” that Cramer performed at Eurovision was selected through Nationaal Songfestival 1973 with four songs.
- [g] Cliff Richard was internally selected to represent United Kingdom at Eurovision 1973. Cliff performed one song a week for six weeks, where the public could vote on the songs via postcards. The winning song for Eurovision “Power To All Our Friends” was revealed at the show A Song for Europe 1973, where Cliff performed all six songs.
8.Trivial / Fun facts.
- Sweden’s Monique Dominique became the first woman to conduct the orchestra.
- Nurit Hirsch, the female conductor for Israel, followed her a few minutes later.
← Eurovision Song Contest 1972 • Eurovision Song Contest 1973 • Eurovision Song Contest 1974 →
Countries (in order of appearance)
|Final||Finland ⦁ Belgium ⦁ Portugal ⦁ Germany ⦁ Norway ⦁ Monaco ⦁ Spain ⦁ Switzerland ⦁ Yugoslavia ⦁ Italy • Luxembourg (winner) ⦁ Sweden ⦁ The Netherlands ⦁ Ireland ⦁ United Kingdom ⦁ France ⦁ Israel|
Artists (in order of appearance)
|Final||Marion Rung ⦁ Nicole and Hugo ⦁ Fernando Tordo ⦁ Gitte ⦁ Bendik Singers ⦁ Marie ⦁ Mocedades ⦁ Patrick Juvet ⦁ Zdravko Čolić • Massimo Ranieri ⦁ Anne-Marie David (winner) • The Nova and the Dolls ⦁ Ben Cramer ⦁ Maxi ⦁ Cliff Richard ⦁ Martine Clémenceau ⦁ Ilanit|
Songs (in order of appearance)
|Final||“Tom Tom Tom” ⦁ “Baby, Baby” ⦁ “Tourada” ⦁ “Junger Tag” ⦁ “It’s Just a Game” ⦁ “Un train qui part” ⦁ “Eres tú” • “Je vais me marier, Marie” ⦁ “Gori vatra” (Гори ватра) ⦁ “Chi sarà con te” ⦁ “Tu te reconnaîtras” (winner) ⦁ “You’re Summer” ⦁ “De oude muzikant” • “Do I Dream” ⦁ “Power to All Our Friends” ⦁ “Sans toi” ⦁ “Ey Sham” (אי שם)|