- Dates – Grand Final: Saturday, 03 April 1976 – 20:00 CET
- Host – Venue & Location: Nederlands Congresgebouw (World Forum), The Hague, 🇳🇱 The Netherlands
- Presenter (s): Corry Brokken, Hans van Willigenburg (green room)
- Musical Director: Jan Stulen
- Director: Theo Ordeman
- Executive Producer: Fred Oster
- Executive Supervisor: Clifford Brown
- Multicamera Director: —
- Host broadcaster: Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)
- Interval Act: The Dutch Swing College Band
- Participants – Number of entries: 18 [🇧🇪 Belgium (20ª), 🇩🇪 Germany (20ª), 🇮🇹 Italy (20ª), 🇳🇱 The Netherlands (20ª), 🇨🇭 Switzerland (20ª), 🇬🇧United Kindom (18ª), 🇲🇨 Monaco (17ª), 🇪🇸 Spain (15ª), Yugoslavia (15ª), 🇮🇪 Ireland (11ª), 🇱🇺 Luxembourg (19ª), 🇫🇮 Finland (14ª), 🇳🇴 Norway (15ª), 🇵🇹 Portugal (11ª), 🇮🇱 Israel (3ª), 🇫🇷 France (20ª), 🇦🇹 Austria (16ª), 🇬🇷 Greece (2ª)]
- Debuting countries: —
- Return: 🇦🇹 Austria (15ª), 🇬🇷 Greece (1ª)
- Non-returning countries: 🇲🇹 Malta (2ª), 🇸🇪 Sweden (15ª), 🇹🇷 Turkey (1ª)
- Vote – Voting system: Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs.
- Nil Points: —
- Winning song: “Save Your Kisses For Me” – Brotherood of Man – 🇬🇧 United Kindom (3ª)
About. For the third time in the history of the Eurovision Song Contest, the Netherlands organised the musical highlight of the year. After having hosted the event in Hilversum and Amsterdam, The Hague was chosen as host city for the 1976 event.
Sweden withdraws!. After being host of the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest, Sweden withdrew from the contest as Swedish TV thought that the contest had become too commercial. They were also afraid of winning again and having to host the expensive show so soon. Turkey and Malta withdrew as well, but Greece and Austria returned. 18 countries participated in the 1976 song contest altogether. Former Dutch Eurovision Song Contest winner Corry Brokken hosted the contest. The orchestra rules changed this year. For the first time, instrumental playback was allowed if certain passages in the music could not be reproduced by the live orchestra. Most of the countries decided to sing in English hoping that they might earn a better placing with this. The Yugoslav entry was sung by Ambassadori and it marked the last Yugoslav entry for five years – the country would only come back in 1981.
About the winner. Just as the Netherlands did the previous year, the United Kingdom succeeded in winning after performed first in the running order. The UK winner, “Save Your Kisses For Me”, became a big international hit selling almost six million copies making it one of the most successful winning songs ever. The winning group, Brotherhood of Man, still perform together today.
Facts & figures. Italy sent the daughter of US actor Tyrone Power to the contest, Romina Power, who sang with her husband, Al Bano; Luxembourg looked abroad again to find its entry. Winning the Luxembourg national final, Jürgen Marcus from Germany beat the equally popular German singer Marianne Rosenberg who then went on to have a big hit with her unsuccessful Eurovision Song Contest song.
|o/r||country||Participant (s)||song – translate – Language||Points||runk|
|01||🇬🇧United Kindom BBC||Brotherhood Of Man||Save your kisses for me English||164||01|
|02||🇨🇭 Switzerland SSR SRG||Peter, Sue and Marc||Djambo, djambo English||091||04|
|03||🇩🇪 Germany ARD||Les Humphries Singers||Sing, sang, song German, English||012||15|
|04||🇮🇱 Israel IBA||Chocolate, Menta, Mastik (שוקולד מנטה מסטיק)||Emor shalom (אמור שלום, Say Hello) Hebrew||077||06|
|05||🇱🇺 Luxembourg CLT||Jürgen Marcus||Chansons pour ceux qui s’aiment (Songs for Those Who Love Each Other) French||017||14|
|06||🇧🇪 Belgium RTB||Pierre Rapsat||Judi et cie. (Judy and Company) French||068||08|
|07||🇮🇪 Ireland RTÉ||Red Hurley||When English||054||10|
|08||🇳🇱 The Netherlands NOS||Sandra Reemer||The party’s over (The party’s over now) English||056||09|
|09||🇳🇴 Norway NRK||Anne-Karine Strøm||Mata Hari English||007||18|
|10||🇬🇷 Greece ERT||Mariza Koch||Panagia mou, panagia mou (Παναγιά μου, Παναγιά μου; Oh! Virgin Mary, Oh! Virgin Mary) Greek||020||13|
|11||🇫🇮 Finland YLE||Fredi & Friends (Fredi ja Ystävät)||Pump-pump English||044||11|
|12||🇪🇸 Spain TVE||Braulio||Sobran las palabras (Words are unnecessary) Spanish||011||16|
|13||🇮🇹 Italy RAI||Al Bano & Romina Power||We’ll live it all again (We’ll live it all again (Lo rivivrei), Noi lo rivivremo di nuovo) English, Italian||069||07|
|14||🇦🇹 Austria ÖRF||Waterloo & Robinson||My little world (Meine kleine Welt) English||080||05|
|15||🇵🇹 Portugal RTP||Carlos do Carmo||Uma flor de verde pinho (A green pine flower) Portuguese||024||12|
|16||🇲🇨 Monaco TMC||Mary Cristy||Toi, la musique et moi (You, the music and me) French||093||03|
|17||🇫🇷 France TF1||Catherine Ferry||Un, deux, trois (One, two, three) French||147||02|
|18||Yugoslavia JRT||Ambasadori (Амбасадори)||Ne mogu skriti svoj bol (Не могу скрити свој бол, I Can’t Hide My Pain) Serbo-Croatian||010||17|
• 🇲🇹 Malta : “Paċi Fid Dinja” (Peace in the World) (Maltese) – Enzo Gusman. Malta had selected Enzo Gusman with the song “Paċi Fid Dinja” (Peace in the World) to represent them, but withdrew from the contest for unknown reasons. Malta returned to the competition in 1975.
• 🇲🇹 Malta : “Sing Your Song, Country Boy” (Tifkiriet Taghna T-Tnejn) (English) – Enzo Gusman. Malta, having selected Enzo Gusman & Renato Micallef with the song “Sing Your Song, Country Boy” to represent them, then withdrew from the contest for undisclosed reasons, as the singer has confirmed. Enzo sang the Maltese version whilst Renato sang the English version. Malta would not return to the competition until 1991.
• 🇩🇪 Germany: “Der Star” (The star) (German) – Tony Marshall. “Der Star” was the public choice by a margin of over 20,000 votes, but was later disqualified when it was discovered that the song had been performed in public prior to the national final. “Sing Sang Song” was therefore promoted and announced as the 1976 German entry. “Sing Sang Song” originally placed runner-up in the German national final but became the German entry when the winner, “Der Star” by Tony Marshall, was disqualified.
• Liechtenstein: “Little Cowboy” (German) – Biggi Bachman. Liechtenstein has never participated at the Eurovision Song Contest, but the contest has had a long history within the country, with at least one attempt to participate being made by the principality. The country has made attempts to participate in the contest in the past: in 1976 a Liechtenstein entry was selected to compete in the contest – Biggi Bachman and “Little Cowboy” would have been the country’s first entry had there been a national broadcaster, but as there was none in the country the entry was rejected from competing.
Participating countries Countries that participated in the past but not in 1976
The Eurovision Song Contest 1976 was the 21st edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in The Hague, Netherlands, following the country’s victory at the 1975 contest with the song “Ding-a-dong” by Teach-In. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), the contest was held at the Nederlands Congrescentrum on 3 April 1976 and was hosted by previous Dutch winner Corry Brokken.
Eighteen countries took part in the contest with Sweden, Malta and Turkey opting not to return to the contest after participating the previous year. Malta would not return to the contest again until 1991. On the other hand, Austria and Greece returned to the competition, having been absent since 1972 and 1974 respectively.
United Kingdom won this year with the song “Save Your Kisses for Me” by Brotherhood of Man. The song went on to become the biggest selling winning single in the history of the contest and won with 80.39% of the possible maximum score and an average of 9.65 of 12; a record under the voting system introduced in 1975.
1.Location. The Hague is the seat of government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the capital city of the province of South Holland. It is also the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Located in the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglandenconurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation. The contest took place at the Congresgebouw (presently known as the World Forum). The venue was constructed in 1969.
2.Format. As with the Dutch hosted contest of 1970, each song was introduced by a pre-recorded film of the performing artist on location in their home nation. Unlike the 1970 films, the Dutch broadcaster made all of the films themselves, sending a crew to each nation to capture the footage. Both the artists from Monaco and Luxembourg were filmed in their respective nations, despite again not being from the country they were representing. Each film was preceded by an animated insert featuring the flags of the eighteen participating nations and ended with a profile shot of the artists.
The interval act was The Dutch Swing College Band led by Peter Schilperoort, who performed live on the stage, intercut with brief interviews with the artists from France, Israel, Austria, Belgium and Spain backstage in the green room conducted by Hans van Willigenburg. Willigenburg asked each of the five artists which song they thought would win, but only French singer Catherine Ferry was willing to give a definite answer; correctly predicting the United Kingdom.
The scoring system introduced in the previous year’s competition returned in 1976. Each jury voted internally and awarded 12 points to the highest scoring song, 10 to the second highest, then 8 to the third, and then 7 to 1 (from fourth to tenth best song, according to the jury). Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure was not established until 1980 (also held in The Hague).
3.Participating countries. Sweden, Malta and Turkey all decided not to participate this year, while Austria and Greece returned to the contest, making for eighteen participating countries.
Sweden did not enter the contest as broadcaster Sveriges Radio (SR) did not have enough money to host another contest if Sweden should win again. A new rule was therefore introduced that in the future each participating broadcaster would have to pay a part of the cost of staging the contest. As the author and historian John Kennedy O’Connor notes in his book The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History, there had been public demonstrations in Sweden against the contest, which also played a part in SR’s decision not to take part.
3.1.Conductors. Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestral accompaniment.
- 🇬🇧United Kindom – Alyn Ainsworth
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Mario Robbiani
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Les Humphries
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Matti Caspi
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Jo Plée
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – Michel Bernholc
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Frode Thingnæs
- 🇬🇷 Greece – Michalis Rozakis
- 🇫🇮 Finland – Ossi Runne
- 🇪🇸 Spain – Joan Barcons
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Maurizio Fabrizio
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Erich Kleinschuster
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Thilo Krasmann
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Raymond Donnez
- 🇫🇷 France – Tony Rallo
- Yugoslavia – Esad Arnautalić
|Fredi (Along with “The Friends”)||🇫🇮 Finland||1967|
|Anneli Koivisto (As part of “The Friends”)||🇫🇮 Finland||1971 (as part of Koivistolaiset)|
|Peter, Sue and Marc||🇨🇭 Switzerland||1971|
|Sandra Reemer||🇳🇱 The Netherlands||1972|
|Corry Brokken (as presenter)||1956, 1957, 1958|
|Anne-Karine Strøm||🇳🇴 Norway||1973 (as part of Bendik Singers)
1974 (Along with Bendik Singers)
3.3.Participants and results. The following tables reflect the officially verified scores given by each jury, adjusted after the transmission. During the live broadcast, France failed to announce the 4 points they awarded to Yugoslavia, an error overlooked by the scrutineer, Clifford Brown. Thus in the live show, Norway were placed 17th and Yugoslavia 18th. After the broadcast, the scores were adjusted and the two nations swapped places, with Yugoslavia’s score being adjusted from 6 to 10 points, moving Norway down to last place.
In terms of points gained as a percentage of maximum available, the winning UK entry from Brotherhood of Man is statistically the most successful winning Eurovision entry since the introduction of the ‘douze points’ scoring system inaugurated in 1975. [a]
3.4.All the national selections for Eurovision Song Contest 1976:
• National Selections in 1976:
|🇧🇪 Belgium||Eurosong 1976||Pierre Rapsat – “Judy et Cie“|
|🇫🇮 Finland||(Finnish Selection 1976)||Fredi ja Ystävät (Fredi and the Friends) – “Pump-Pump”|
|🇫🇷 France||(French Selection 1976)||Catherine Ferry – “Un, deux, trois“|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Ein Lied für Den Haag||Les Humphries Singers – “Sing Sang Song”|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||(Irish Selection 1976)||Red Hurley – “When”|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||(Luxembourgish Selection 1976)||Jürgen Marcus – “Chansons pour ceux qui s’aiment“|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nationaal Songfestival 1976||Sandra Reemer – “The Party’s Over”|
|🇳🇴 Norway||Melodi Grand Prix 1976||Anne-Karine Strøm – “Mata Hari”|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||Uma Canção Para A Europa 1976 (song selection) [b]||Carlos do Carmo – “Uma flor de verde pinho“|
|🇪🇸 Spain||(Spanish Selection 1976)||Braulio – “Sobran las palabras“|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||Concours Eurovision 1976||Peter, Sue & Marc – “Djambo, Djambo”|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||A Song for Europe 1976||Brotherhood of Man – “Save Your Kisses for Me”|
|Yugoslavia||Opatija Festival 1976||Ambasadori – “Ne mogu skriti svoju bol” (Не могу скрити своју бол)|
• Internal Selections in 1976:
|🇦🇹 Austria||Waterloo & Robinson – “My Little World”|
|🇬🇷 Greece||Mariza Koch – “Panagia mou, Panagia mou” (Παναγιά μου, Παναγιά μου)|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Chocolate, Menta, Mastik – “Emor Shalom” (אמור שלום)|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Al Bano and Romina Power – “We’ll Live It All Again”|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Mary Christy – “Toi, la musique et moi“|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||164||12||8||12||8||12||3||10||12||12||10||12||4||10||12||10||7||10|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||56||4||4||8||4||4||2||1||7||3||2||4||6||2||5|
4.1.12 points. Blow is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|7||🇬🇧 United Kindom||🇧🇪 Belgium, 🇬🇷 Greece, 🇮🇱 Israel, 🇳🇴 Norway, 🇵🇹 Portugal, 🇪🇸 Spain, 🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|5||🇫🇷 France||🇦🇹 Austria, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇲🇨 Monaco, 🇳🇱 The Netherlands, Yugoslavia|
|1||🇧🇪 Belgium||🇫🇮 Finland|
|🇮🇹 Italy||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||🇮🇹 Italy|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||🇱🇺 Luxembourg|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||🇫🇷 France|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||🇬🇧 United Kindom|
4.2.Spokespersons. Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1976 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
- 🇬🇧 United Kindom – Ray Moore
- 🇨🇭 Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- 🇩🇪 Germany – Hans-Joachim Scherbening
- 🇮🇱 Israel – Yitzhak Shim’oni
- 🇱🇺 Luxembourg – Jacques Harvey
- 🇧🇪 Belgium – André Hagon
- 🇮🇪 Ireland – Brendan Balfe
- 🇳🇱 The Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
- 🇳🇴 Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- 🇬🇷 Greece – Irini Gavala
- 🇫🇮 Finlandd – Erkki Vihtonen
- 🇪🇸 Spain – José María Íñigo
- 🇮🇹 Italy – Rosanna Vaudetti
- 🇦🇹 Austria – Jenny Pippal
- 🇵🇹 Portugal – Ana Zanatti
- 🇲🇨 Monaco – Carole Chabrier
- 🇫🇷 France – Marc Menant
- Yugoslavia – Sandi Čolnik
5.Broadcasts. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|🇦🇹 Austria||FS2||Ernst Grissemann|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||RTB||French: Georges Désir||–|
|BRT||Dutch: Luc Appermont||–|
|RTB La Première||French: TBC|
|BRT Radio 1||Dutch: Nand Baert and Jan Theys|
|🇫🇮 Finland||YLE TV1||Vesa Nuotio||–|
|🇫🇷 France||TF1||Jean-Claude Massoulier||–|
|Radio France||Patrice Laffont|
|🇩🇪 Germany||Deutsches Fernsehen||Werner Veigel||–|
|Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2||Wolf Mittler|
|🇬🇷 Greece||ERT||Mako Georgiadou||–|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||RTÉ||Mike Murphy|
|RTÉ Radio||Liam Devally|
|🇮🇱 Israel||Israeli Television||No commentator|
|🇮🇹 Italy||Rete 1 and Rai Radio 2||Silvio Noto|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||RTL Télé Luxembourg||Jacques Navadic|
|🇲🇨 Monaco||Télé Monte Carlo||Hélène Vida|
|🇳🇱 The Netherlands||Nederland 2||Willem Duys||–|
|Hilversum 3||Willem van Beusekom||–|
|🇳🇴 Norway||NRK||Jo Vestly||–|
|NRK P1||Erik Heyerdahl|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||I Programa||Eládio Clímaco|
|RDP Programa 1||Amadeu Meireles|
|🇪🇸 Spain||Primera Cadena||José Luis Uribarri||–|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||TV DRS||German: Theodor Haller|
|TSR||French: Georges Hardy||–|
|TSI||Italian: Giovanni Bertini|
|🇬🇧 United Kindom||BBC1||Michael Aspel||–|
|BBC Radio 2||Terry Wogan||–|
|BFBS Radio||Andrew Pastouna and Richard Astbury||–|
|Yugoslavia||TVB 1||Serbian: Milovan Ilić|
|TVZ 1||Croatian: Oliver Mlakar|
|TVL 1||Slovene: Tomaž Terček|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||DR TV||Claus Toksvig|
|Hong Kong||TVB Jade (delayed broadcast on 17 April 1976)||Unknown||–|
|TVB Pearl (delayed broadcast on 5 and 6 April 1976)||Unknown||–|
|RTV RTV-1 (delayed broadcast on 6 and 21 April 1976)||Unknown||–|
|RTV RTV-2 (delayed broadcast on 5 and 17 April 1976)||Unknown||–|
|🇮🇸 Iceland||Sjónvarpið||Jón Skaptason||–|
|🇸🇪 Sweden||SR P3||Ursula Richter||–|
|🇹🇷 Turkey||Ankara Television||Bülend Özveren||–|
- [a] As noted on a TOTP2 Eurovision special, the 1997 Katrina and the Waves entry Love Shine a light ranks third in the rankings of points achieved as a percentage of maximum available with 227 out of 288 or 78.81%, behind Nicole’s “Ein bißchen Frieden” in 1982 (161 out of 204 or 78.92%) and Brotherhood of Man’s “Save Your Kisses for Me” in 1976 (164 out of 204 or 80.39%). For comparison, Elena Paparizou’s 2005 win took 230 points out of a possible 456, or only 50.04% while Portugal’s dominant 2017 win from Salvador Sobral took 758 points from a possible 984 available, equating to 77.04%.
- [b] Carlos do Carmo was internally selected to represent Portugal at Eurovision 1976. The song “Uma Flor De Verde Pinho” that Carlos performed at Eurovision was selected through Uma Canção Para A Europa 1976 with eight songs.
7.Trivial / Fun facts.
- Italy sent the daughter of the US actor Tyrone Power to the contest, Romina Power who sang with her husband, Al Bano.
- Luxembourg looked abroad to find its entry, Jürgen Marcus from Germany beat Marianne Rosenberg in the national final.
- Marianne Rosenberg then went on to have a big hit with her unsuccessful Eurovision Song Contest song.
← Eurovision Song Contest 1975 • Eurovision Song Contest 1976 • Eurovision Song Contest 1977 →
Countries (in order of appearance)
|Final||United Kingdom (winner) ⦁ Switzerland ⦁ Germany ⦁ Israel ⦁ Luxembourg ⦁ Belgium ⦁ Ireland ⦁ The Netherlands ⦁ Norway ⦁ Greece • Finland ⦁ Spain ⦁ Italy ⦁ Austria • Portugal • Monaco • France • Yugoslavia|
Artists (in order of appearance)
|Final||Brotherhood of Man (winner) ⦁ Peter, Sue and Marc ⦁ Les Humphries Singers ⦁ Chocolate, Menta, Mastik ⦁ Jürgen Marcus ⦁ Pierre Rapsat ⦁ Red Hurley ⦁ Sandra Reemer ⦁ Anne-Karine Strøm ⦁ Mariza Koch ⦁ Fredi and the Friends • Braulio ⦁ Al Bano and Romina Power ⦁ Waterloo and Robinson ⦁ Carlos do Carmo • Mary Christy ⦁ Catherine Ferry • Ambasadori|
Songs (in order of appearance)
|Final||“Save Your Kisses for Me” (winner) ⦁ “Djambo, Djambo” ⦁ “Sing Sang Song” ⦁ “Emor Shalom” (אמור שלום) ⦁ “Chansons pour ceux qui s’aiment” ⦁ “Judy et Cie” ⦁ “When” ⦁ “Dansevise” ⦁ “The Party’s Over” ⦁ “Mata Hari” ⦁ “Panagia mou, Panagia mou” (Παναγιά μου, Παναγιά μου) • “Pump-Pump” ⦁ “Sobran las palabras” ⦁ “We’ll Live It All Again” ⦁ “My Little World” ⦁ “Uma flor de verde pinho” • “Toi, la musique et moi” ⦁ “Un, deux, trois” • “Ne mogu skriti svoju bol” (Не могу скрити своју бол)|
|Non-participating entries: Malta: Enzo Gusman – “Paċi Fid Dinja” (Peace in the World) • Malta: Enzo Gusman – “Sing Your Song, Country Boy” (Tifkiriet Taghna T-Tnejn) • Germany: Tony Marshall – “Der Star” (The star) • Liechtenstein: Biggi Bachman – “Little Cowboy”|